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  • Embargo expired:
    25-Apr-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711766

Researchers Detail Marine Viruses From Pole to Pole

Ohio State University

New research provides the most complete account to date of the viruses that impact the world’s oceans, increasing the number of known virus populations tenfold. This new study brings the total known marine viral populations within the ocean close to 200,000 – work that will help scientists better understand their influence throughout the world, including their part in delivering carbon deep into the sea, protecting the atmosphere from further damage. The study, led by researchers at Ohio State, appears online April 25 in the journal Cell.

Released:
23-Apr-2019 9:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Apr-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711254

Microbiomes of diabetic foot ulcers are associated with clinical outcomes

University of Wisconsin-Madison

New research suggests that the microbial communities associated with chronic wounds common in diabetic patients affect whether those wounds heal or lead to amputations.

Released:
12-Apr-2019 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711424

We’re Only as Good as Our Microbiomes Are Happy

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Our guts are home to a cast of billions: bacteria, viruses, and fungi all congregate and collectively make up our microbiome. This vast gastrointestinal tribe shapes the onset, incidence, and treatment of a startling number of diseases including inflammatory bowel disease and cancer. In the past 20 years since the field took off, much has been discovered about how this unseen ecosystem interacts with all aspects of human life, and the rate of discoveries shows no signs of slowing.

Released:
16-Apr-2019 11:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    16-Apr-2019 5:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711367

New Research Identifies Microbes That May Reduce Allergy-Like Reactions to Some Ripened Cheeses

Iowa State University

A small percentage of humans can suffer allergy-like reactions to certain varieties of ripened cheese due to histamine, a byproduct of the prolonged fermentation process. An ISU researcher is studying bacterial strains that could reduce histamine, allowing susceptible diners to enjoy the cheese without unpleasant side effects.

Released:
15-Apr-2019 4:15 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711186

NASA Twins Study: A year in space has little effect on gut microbiome

University of Illinois at Chicago

A year in space seems to have a small but significant, transient effect on the gut microbiome, according to a new paper on the NASA Twins Study published in the journal Science.The microbiome findings, authored by a team of researchers in Chicago, are among the results from 10 other research teams examining how the human body responds to spaceflight that are reported in the paper.

Released:
11-Apr-2019 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711057

A Dust-Up: Microbes Interact with Harmful Chemicals in Dust

Ohio State University

The dust that settles throughout our homes and offices almost always contains bits of chemicals that can cause problems for the human endocrine system, scientists say. But a new study indicates that the microbes we track into buildings can help break those chemicals down.

Released:
10-Apr-2019 9:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 710733

Patent-Pending Probiotic Could Disrupt Crohn’s Disease Biofilms

Case Western Reserve University

Probiotics typically aim to rebalance bacteria populations in the gut, but new research suggests they may also help break apart stubborn biofilms. Biofilms are living microbial communities—they provide a haven for microbes and are often resistant to antibiotics. A new study describes a specific probiotic mix that could help patients with gastrointestinal diseases avoid harmful biofilms that can worsen their symptoms.

Released:
3-Apr-2019 4:25 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    2-Apr-2019 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 710212

Probiotics Linked to Poorer Response to Cancer Immunotherapy in Skin Cancer Patients

Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy

Taking over-the-counter probiotic supplements was associated with a 70 percent lower chance of response to cancer immunotherapy treatment with anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors in melanoma patients, according to a preliminary study from the Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy (PICI) and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The results are being presented April 2 at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) 2019 Annual Meeting in Atlanta.

Released:
26-Mar-2019 12:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    29-Mar-2019 6:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 710264

Movement Toward a Poop Test for Liver Cirrhosis

University of California San Diego Health

In a study of people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and their twins and other close relatives, UC San Diego researchers were able to diagnose liver cirrhosis simply by analyzing a person’s stool microbes.

Released:
26-Mar-2019 4:20 PM EDT
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Article ID: 710375

Same Microbe, Different Effect

Weizmann Institute of Science

The Weizmann Institute's Prof. Eran Segal and colleagues developed an algorithm that is helping sort through variations in gut microbes. The group found that the same microbes occur across diverse populations, yet can behave in different ways. Even tiny variations in a particular microbe affects the microbiome, including leading to differences in weight.

Released:
28-Mar-2019 11:05 AM EDT

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