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Newswise: Here, There and Everywhere: Large and Giant Viruses Abound Globally

Here, There and Everywhere: Large and Giant Viruses Abound Globally

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

In Nature, a team led by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) researchers uncovered a broad diversity of large and giant viruses that belong to the nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDV) supergroup, expanding virus diversity in this group 10-fold from just 205 genomes.

Channels: Environmental Health, Environmental Science, Infectious Diseases, Microbiome, Public Health, West Nile Virus, Zika Virus, Nature (journal), DOE Science News, All Journal News,

Released:
23-Jan-2020 2:25 PM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    23-Jan-2020 9:00 AM EST

Teens with obesity and PCOS have more “unhealthy” bacteria

Endocrine Society

Teens with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have more “unhealthy” gut bacteria suggesting the microbiome may play a role in the disorder, according to new research published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Channels: Diabetes, Microbiome, Obesity, Women's Health, All Journal News,

Released:
21-Jan-2020 1:55 PM EST
Research Results
  • Embargo expired:
    21-Jan-2020 5:00 PM EST

Gut Bacteria May be One Culprit for Increase of Colorectal Cancer in Younger People

Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

A bacteria typically linked to periodontal disease, Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nuc), could play an important role in the rising incidence of colorectal cancer in people under the age of 45. Another type of bacteria, Moraxella osloensis, has been found in colorectal cancer tumors at a nearly four-fold higher rate in people over 75 than in those under 45 years of age, pointing out how differences in the bacteria that comprise what is known as the body’s microbiome could affect cancer outcomes to varying degrees. These are the preliminary findings of an ongoing study that will be presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium in San Francisco from January 23-25, 2020.

Channels: Cancer, Digestive Disorders, Healthcare, Microbiome, All Journal News,

Released:
20-Jan-2020 9:00 AM EST
Research Results
Newswise: Lung Microbiome May Help Predict Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients

Lung Microbiome May Help Predict Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients

American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Changes in the lung microbiome may help predict how well critically ill patients will respond to care, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Channels: Healthcare, Immunology, Microbiome, Respiratory Diseases and Disorders, All Journal News,

Released:
21-Jan-2020 4:00 PM EST
Research Results
Newswise: UC San Diego-led Study Finds Close Evolutionary Proximity Between Microbial Domains in the ‘Tree of Life’

UC San Diego-led Study Finds Close Evolutionary Proximity Between Microbial Domains in the ‘Tree of Life’

University of California San Diego

A comprehensive analysis of 10,575 genomes as part of a multi-national study led by researchers at UC San Diego has revealed close evolutionary proximity between the microbial domains at the base of the tree of life, the branching pattern of evolution described by Charles Darwin more than 160 years ago in his book, On the Origin of Species.

Channels: All Journal News, Evolution and Darwin, Genetics, Microbiome, Supercomputing, Technology, Staff Picks, Nature (journal),

Released:
17-Jan-2020 1:15 PM EST
Research Results
Newswise: Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature

Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature

University of Alabama at Birmingham

The lungs and placentas of fetuses in the womb — as young as 11 weeks after conception — already show a bacterial microbiome signature, which suggests that bacteria may colonize the lungs well before birth. How the microbes or microbial products reach those organs before birth is not known.

Channels: All Journal News, Immunology, Microbiome, OBGYN, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Staff Picks,

Released:
17-Jan-2020 12:50 PM EST
Research Results
Newswise: John Theurer Cancer Center Participating in Early-Phase Study of Immunotherapy-Boosting Treatment

John Theurer Cancer Center Participating in Early-Phase Study of Immunotherapy-Boosting Treatment

Hackensack Meridian Health

Investigators at John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey are participating in a first-in-patients clinical trial assessing VE800, a novel bacteria-containing therapy, in combination with the immunotherapy drug nivolumab. Laboratory research has suggested that VE800 may enhance the effectiveness of drugs like nivolumab.

Channels: Cancer, Digestive Disorders, Immunology, Liver Disease, Microbiome, OBGYN,

Released:
16-Jan-2020 1:55 PM EST
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Newswise: Study Weighs Deep-Sea Mining’s Impact on Microbes

Study Weighs Deep-Sea Mining’s Impact on Microbes

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

The essential roles that microbes play in deep-sea ecosystems are at risk from the potential environmental impacts of mining.

Channels: Climate Science, Environmental Science, Marine Science, Microbiome, Wildlife, All Journal News,

Released:
16-Jan-2020 12:30 PM EST
Feature
  • Embargo expired:
    14-Jan-2020 9:00 AM EST

Surprising Beauty Found in Bacterial Cultures

University of California San Diego

Researchers at University of California San Diego have discovered that when certain microbes pair up, stunning floral patterns emerge.

Channels: Cell Biology, Chemistry, Microbiome, Staff Picks, All Journal News, Grant Funded News,

Released:
7-Jan-2020 1:20 PM EST
Research Results


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