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Smartphone Exercises for a Better Mood

Brief, directed smartphone exercises can help quickly improve our mood. This is the latest finding from psychologists at the University of Basel and their international colleagues, reported in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

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Breastfeeding Associated with Better Brain Development and Neurocognitive Outcomes

A new study, which followed 180 pre-term infants from birth to age seven, found that babies who were fed more breast milk within the first 28 days of life had had larger volumes of certain regions of the brain at term equivalent and had better IQs, academic achievement, working memory, and motor function.

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No Dream: Electric Brain Stimulation During Sleep Can Boost Memory

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For the first time, UNC School of Medicine scientists report using transcranial alternating current stimulation, or tACS, to target a specific kind of brain activity during sleep and strengthen memory in healthy people.

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Research Shows ‘Dr. Phil’ Viewers More Empowered to Seek Treatment

The study, conducted by Media & Communication professor Eric Rasmussen, shows those who regularly watch the daytime show intend to seek help for mental health issues.

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ADHD Medication Reduces Risky Behavior in Children, Teens, Princeton Research Finds

New research provides some of the first evidence that medications taken by millions of American children to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) offer long-term benefits.

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Adolescent Drinking Damages Later Verbal Learning and Memory Performance

Adolescence is both a time of rapid neurobiological changes and of the initiation of drinking – alcohol is the most commonly used substance among students in grades eight to 12. Binge-drinking effects are particularly concerning, although it is unclear whether and how much it affects neurocognitive performance. This study looked at two questions: first, whether moderate, binge, or extreme-binge drinking in adolescence had an impact on later performance in tests of verbal learning and memory (VLM); and second, whether the amount of alcohol consumed is associated with specific changes in learning and memory during six years of adolescence.

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New Recommendations for Transitioning Youths with Brain Disorders to Adult Care

MINNEAPOLIS – A new consensus statement provides recommendations for transitioning adolescents and young adults with neurologic disorders to adult care. The statement is endorsed by the American Academy of Neurology and created by the Child Neurology Foundation. The research is published in the July 27, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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For the First Time, Researchers See Structure That Allows Brain Cells to Communicate

For more than a century, neuroscientists have known that nerve cells talk to one another across the small gaps between them, a process known as synaptic transmission. But the details of how this crucial aspect of brain function occurs have remained elusive. Now, new research has for the first time elucidated details about the architecture that Allows Brain Cells to Communicate. The paper was published today in the journal Nature.

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Resveratrol Appears to Restore Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity in Alzheimer’s Disease

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Resveratrol, given to Alzheimer’s patients, appears to restore the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, reducing the ability of harmful immune molecules secreted by immune cells to infiltrate from the body into brain tissues, say researchers. The reduction in neuronal inflammation slowed the cognitive decline of patients, compared to a matching group of placebo-treated patients with the disorder.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Aug-2016 8:00 AM EDT

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EEG Scans Could Help Diagnose Levels of Awareness in Patients with a Disorder of Consciousness

The research findings, published in Annals of Neurology, suggest a correspondence between a patient’s ability to generate an EEG marker of attention to tactile stimulation, and their ability to produce the critical clinical marker of awareness by following verbal commands.

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Study Identifies Neural Circuits Involved in Making Risky Decisions

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New research sheds light on what’s going on inside our heads as we decide whether to take a risk or play it safe. Scientists located a region of the brain involved in decisions made under conditions of uncertainty, and identified some of the cells involved in the decision-making process. The work could lead to treatments for psychological and psychiatric disorders that involve misjudging risk, such as problem gambling and anxiety disorders.

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A 30-Minute ‘Me’ Break Can Make You a Better Worker, Study Shows

If there are crumbs on your desk from countless lunches spent responding to emails and attending to other job-related responsibilities, it may be time to clean up and take a step back.

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First Diagnosed Case of Alzheimer’s Disease in HIV Positive Individual Presented at AAIC

The first case of Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed in an HIV-positive individual will be presented in a poster session at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2016 in Toronto July 27. The finding in a 71-year-old man triggers a realization about HIV survivors now reaching the age when Alzheimer’s risk begins to escalate.

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Does a Dementia Diagnosis Have a Silver Lining? Study Suggests It Can.

In a study of 48 adults with a diagnosis of Early Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment, almost half reported positive changes in life outlook and quality of life, countering the assumption that this diagnosis would have a uniformly negative impact.

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US Suicide Rate for People with Epilepsy Exceeds Levels in General Population

esearchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control studied the prevalence of suicide among people with epilepsy compared to the population overall and estimated that the annual suicide mortality rate among those with epilepsy was 22 percent higher than in the general population. Results are online in the journal Epilepsy and Behavior.

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Does Social Status Affect Generosity?

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High-ranking people don't always turn out to be selfish jerks. It all depends on whether they feel worthy of their prominent social position, new research indicates.

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Scientists Use Already-Approved Drugs to Force Cancer Cell Death, How to Decide if Watchful Waiting Is the Right Choice, Some Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Require More Comprehensive Mental Health Screening, and MORE in the Cancer News Source

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Metabolite Normally Secreted in Urine May Cause Cognitive Impairment in Kidney Failure Patients

• A metabolite that is normally excreted in urine was linked with impaired cognitive function in patients with kidney failure. • The metabolite has been previously linked to cognitive impairment in other patient populations.

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Neuroscientists Get $3.2 Million to Study Brain Mechanisms Underlying Sex Differences in Social Stress

The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience (CBN) at Georgia State University has received a five-year, $3.2 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to investigate the neurochemical mechanisms underlying social stress in males and females.