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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 23-Nov-2014 6:30 PM EST

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Job Authority Increases Depression Symptoms in Women, Decreases Them in Men

A new study finds that having job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men.

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Research Shows Why Antidepressant May Be Effective in Postpartum Depression

An antidepressant commonly prescribed for women with postpartum depression may restore connections between cells in brain regions that are negatively affected by chronic stress during pregnancy, new research suggests.

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A New Test Measures Analytical Thinking Linked to Depression, Fueling the Idea That Depression May Be a Form of Adaptation

Researchers studying the roots of depression have developed a test to measure analytical thinking and rumination, that are hallmarks of the condition, leading them closer to the idea that depression may actually be an adaptation meant to help people cope with complex problems such as chronic illnesses or marriage breakups.

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Primary Care Docs Diagnose, but Don’t Refer, Eating Disorders

Research suggests more referrals needed from primary care doctors to mental health professionals when dealing with eating disorders.

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Reported Opioid Abuse in Pregnant Women More Than Doubles in 14 Years

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The number of pregnant women who abuse or are dependent on opioids (narcotics) jumped 127 percent in 14 years, leading to an increased risk of maternal death and stillbirth among other serious problems, according to a review of more than 57 million American women admitted for delivery. The results were published in the December issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®).

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Could Depression Actually Be a Form of Infectious Disease?

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Major depressive disorder (MDD) should be re-conceptualized as an infectious disease, according to Turhan Canli, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology and Radiology at Stony Brook University. In a paper published in Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Dr.Canli suggests that major depression may result from parasitic, bacterial, or viral infection. He presents examples that illustrate possible pathways by which these microorganisms could contribute to the etiology of MDD.

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Soldiers at Increased Risk for Suicide Within a Year of Psychiatric in-Patient Treatment

Soldiers hospitalized with a psychiatric disorder have a significantly elevated risk for suicide in the year following hospital discharge, according to findings published in JAMA Psychiatry, Nov. 12, 2014. Although this has long been known in the civilian sector, it has never before been studied in the military population.

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Depression, Overwhelming Guilt in Preschool Years Linked to Brain Changes

A key brain region involved in emotion is smaller in older children diagnosed with depression as preschoolers, and predicts risk of later recurrence, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

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Expert: Dr. Bruce Capehart of VA Hospital/ Duke Medicine Available Re: Study in JAMA Psychiatry on Soldiers' Mental Health

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