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Maya Healers’ Conception of Cancer May Help Bridge Gap in Multicultural Settings Care

Understanding and integrating patients’ cultural beliefs into cancer treatment plans may help improve their acceptance of and adherence to treatment in multicultural settings. Researchers examined traditional Maya healers’ understanding of cancer and published their findings online today in the Journal of Global Oncology.

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Blocking Melanoma’s Escape: How Personalized Trials in Avatars Break Therapy Resistance in Relapsed Cancers

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By utilizing a revolutionary method that allows mice to serve as “avatars” for patients, scientists at The Wistar Institute have shown that a previously ineffective targeted drug for melanoma may actually be quite potent in halting the progression of disease in certain patients.

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The Leonard C. Goodman Institute for Investigative Reporting Is Now Accepting Submissions

The deadline for this round of proposals is January 15, 2016. Candidates will be notified of decisions by the end of February 2016. The Institute pays a competitive rate--and covers expenses--for investigative reporting that advances social and economic justice. All stories are published in In These Times magazine and on InTheseTimes.com.

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Top Stories 11 Dec 2015; New Forensic Science Breakthroughs, Breast Cancer Treatment Difference by Age, Racial Disparities in Dialysis, and More...

Click to view today's top stories.

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Surgeons at NYU Langone Medical Center Perform the Most Extensive Face Transplant to Date – and First in New York State

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NYU Langone Medical Center announced today the successful completion of the most extensive face transplant to date, setting new standards of care in this emerging field. Equally important, for the first time a face transplant has been performed on a first responder – a volunteer firefighter who suffered a full face and scalp burn in the line of duty.

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Chemo Crosses Blood-Brain Barrier with Sound Waves; Virtual Press Conference

Principal Investigator Takes Questions and Demonstrates Procedure with Video and Animation via Virtual Press Conference Tuesday, November 10th at 1:00 p.m. ET

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First Precision Medicine Trial in Cancer Prevention Identifies Molecular-based Chemoprevention Strategy

A team of scientists, led by researchers at University of California, San Diego Moores Cancer Center and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, report that a genetic biomarker called loss of heterozygosity or LOH is able to predict which patients with premalignant mouth lesions are at highest risk of developing oral cancer. The findings, published in the November 5, 2015 online issue of Journal of the American Medical Association Oncology, present a new tool that could be used to identify patients most likely to benefit from chemoprevention — and may be applicable to preventing other types of cancer.

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Toddler’s Rare Disease Identified and Treated Using Precision Medicine

A 20-month-old girl suffering from a rare neurodegenerative disease was diagnosed by exome sequencing and successfully treated. The case, which exemplifies the potential of precision medicine, involved scientists at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and Duke University.

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Newly Identified ‘Biomarker’ May Help Doctors Predict Colon Cancer Progression and Personalize Therapy

Researchers at Baylor Research Institute have identified a small RNA molecule that appears to enable certain colorectal cancers to become especially aggressive, resistant to treatment and likely to migrate and invade normal tissue. Findings suggest that detecting high levels of the molecule could serve as a “biomarker” to help clinicians determine which patients might benefit from more aggressive therapy.

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Five Ways Individualized Medicine is Impacting Health Care

How is individualized medicine working? Let us count the ways.

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A Thin Ribbon of Flexible Electronics Can Monitor Health, Infrastructure

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A new world of flexible, bendable, even stretchable electronics is emerging from research labs to address a wide range of potentially game-changing uses. Over the last few years, one team of chemists and materials scientists has begun exploring military applications in harsh environments for aircraft, explosive devices and even combatants themselves. They will present their research at the 250th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

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Adrenals Run Amok: Discovery Could Aid Precision Medicine for High Blood Pressure

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Each of your kidneys wears a little yellow cap that helps keep blood pressure in check, and much more. But in some people, it starts running amok, pumping out a hormone that sends blood pressure sky-high. Why this happens is still a mystery. But new findings could help figure out what's going on.

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New Technology Developed by Virginia Tech and the University of Iowa Helps Personalized Medicine by Enabling Epigenomic Analysis with a Mere 100 Cells

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A new technology, improving the efficiency of the studies in epigenomics, is the subject of a Nature Methods journal article by Chang Lu and Zhenning Cao of Virginia Tech and Kai Tan, Changya Chen and Bing He of the University of Iowa. The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health, following a seed grant from Virginia Tech’s Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science.

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Patient Satisfaction Is Good Indicator of Success after Spinal Surgery

Patient satisfaction ratings after surgery for spinal degenerative disease—especially in terms of reduced pain and disability—are a good indicator of the procedure's effectiveness, reports a study in the August issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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For Prostate Cancer Patients, Risk-Specific Therapies Now More the Norm

After decades of overtreatment for low-risk prostate cancer and inadequate management of its more aggressive forms, patients are now more likely to receive medical care matched to level of risk, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco.

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Supercharging Stem Cells to Create New Therapies

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have discovered a new method for culturing stem cells which sees the highly therapeutic cells grow faster and stronger.

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Genetic Variation Determines Protein’s Response to Anti-Diabetic Drug

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In the first study of its kind, researchers have shown how an anti-diabetic drug can have variable effects depending on small natural differences in DNA sequence between individuals. They aim to apply this knowledge to develop personalized approaches to treating diabetes and other metabolic disorders.

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UNC Lineberger Discovery Could Lead to Personalized Colon Cancer Treatment Approach

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In a study published in Nature Medicine, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers report their findings of just how a certain tumor-suppressing protein helps prevent colon cancer. With this discovery, researchers believe they’ve found a possible drug target for colon cancer patients who lack the tumor suppressor.

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New Biomarkers Might Help Personalize Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treatment

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Metastatic colorectal cancer patients tend to live longer when they respond to the first line of chemotherapy their doctors recommend. To better predict how patients will respond to chemotherapy drugs before they begin treatment, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine conducted a proof-of-principle study with a small group of metastatic colorectal cancer patients. The results revealed two genes that could help physicians make more informed treatment decisions for patients with this disease.

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Mount Sinai Scientists Shed Light on the Motivations of Healthy People Seeking Personal Genome Sequencing

Research will help inform the transition of healthcare to “precision medicine”, where individuals and physicians will routinely obtain and apply genomic information