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Satellites, Airport Visibility Readings Shed Light on Troops' Exposure to Dust Storms, Pollution

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Research lays groundwork for large VA study on respiratory health in Iraq, Afghanistan Vets

Science

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California Earthquake Experts, Mammals During Age of Dinosaurs Packed a Powerful Bite, Closing the Carbon Loop, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Science

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poultry disease

Weather Radar Helps Researchers Track Bird Flu

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Using weather radar technology, scientists are tracking migratory birds, which may carry the avian influenza virus. They are exploring how to use the data to prevent a disease outbreak in the poultry industry. In 2014-2015, a U.S. bird flu outbreak led to the death of 48 million birds in 15 states.

Science

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Laura Snell, Wild Horses, Rangeland

Wild Horse Overpopulation Is Causing Environmental Damage

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Most Americans envision healthy mustangs galloping free on the range when they think about the country's wild horse population. But UC Cooperative Extension rangeland advisor Laura Snell sees another image.

Medicine

Science

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alcohol use disorders, personality traits, Resilience, Genetics, Environment, risk, Influences

Resilience: A Small, Quiet Word with Huge Alcohol Use Disorder Implications

Certain personality traits – such as disinhibition (a lack of restraint) and impulsivity – increase the chances of developing alcohol use disorders (AUDs).

Science

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Veterinary Medicine, Cattle Disease, Ruminant, Campylobacter Jejuni, Campylobacter

Iowa State University Researchers Detail What Makes Costly Ruminant Bacteria So Infectious

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An Iowa State University veterinary research team has discovered the specific genetic mutations that make Campylobacter jejuni such a virulent strain of bacteria in ruminant animals such as sheep and cattle. The research could lead to a vaccine or new ways to control the bacteria.

Medicine

Science

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Vapors From Some Flavored E-Liquids Contain High Levels of Aldehydes

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Traditional cigarettes pose a well-established risk to smokers' health, but the effects of electronic cigarettes are still being determined. Helping to flesh out this picture, researchers are reporting in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology what happens to e-liquid flavorings when they're heated inside e-cigarettes or electronic nicotine-delivery systems. The study found that when converted into a vapor, some flavorings break down into toxic compounds at levels that exceed occupational safety standards.

Science

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Foodborne disease, Salmonella, Salmonella disease, Food Poisoning, Metagenomics

Genomics Technique Could Accelerate Detection of Foodborne Bacterial Outbreaks

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A new testing methodology based on metagenomics could accelerate the diagnosis of foodborne bacterial outbreaks, allowing public health officials to identify the microbial culprits in less than a day.

Science

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Ocean Science

How to Monitor Global Ocean Warming – Without Harming Whales

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Tracking the speed of internal tides offers a cheap, simple way to monitor temperature changes throughout the world’s oceans.

Science

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Microbiome

Genes, Early Environment Sculpt the Gut Microbiome

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A new study finds that environment and genetics determine relative abundance of specific microbes in the gut. The findings represent an attempt to untangle the forces that shape the gut microbiome, which plays an important role in keeping us healthy.

Science

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Toronto rehabilitation institute, Toronto Rehab, rehabilitation research, university health network, UHN, Winter, winter footwear, winter boots, winter shoes, Canadian winter, Green Diamond, Arctic Vibrum, Toronto Public Health, footwear testing, slip resistant boots, slip resistance, slip resistance testing, consumer footwear, footwear research, Geoff Fern

Researchers Discover Most Winter Boots Are Too Slippery to Walk Safely on Icy Surfaces

A team of researchers from the iDAPT labs at Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-University Health Network are dedicated to keeping Canadians safer this winter by offering evidence-based ratings on footwear that may reduce the risk of slips and falls on ice. The team has developed the first test of its kind in the world – the Maximum Achievable Angle (MAA) Testing Method – to validate slip resistant footwear on icy surfaces using real people in a simulated winter environment.

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UF/IFAS Researcher: Neighborly Conversations Can Help with Water Conservation

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“You may not notice the ways someone conserves, but they may already be taking action to not waste water by using good irrigation practices, and they may be open to some new ideas if you strike up a conversation about how you save water in the home landscape,” said Laura Warner, a UF/IFAS assistant professor of agricultural education and communications.

Medicine

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Allergist, asthma expert, Asthma, Acaai, Wildfire

Expert Allergist Available to Speak on the Effects of the Southern Wildfires on Asthma Sufferers

Science

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EPA, Lake Champlain, algae bloom, Computer Modeling, UVM, Vermont, Phosphorus

Study: Climate Change Could Outpace EPA Lake Protections

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New research suggests that Lake Champlain may be more susceptible to damage from climate change than was previously understood—and that, therefore, the rules created by the EPA to protect the lake may be inadequate to prevent algae blooms and water quality problems as the region gets hotter and wetter.

Science

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cover crops, crop rotation plan, Livestock Grazing, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Institute of Food and Agriculture, South Dakota State University, North Dakota State University, Unversity of Wisconsin-Madison, university of nebraska-lincoln, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

Fall Cover Crops for Livestock Grazing May Improve Soil Health, Protect Environment

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Turning cattle out to graze in harvested fields was once a common practice. It’s something that researchers would like to see used again—and improved by planting cover crops, such as such as oats, sorghum, turnips, radishes or millet. These have the potential to improve the soil health and utilize any remaining nutrients, thus preventing runoff that pollutes lakes and streams.

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Looking for a City’s DNA? Try Its ATMs

Automated teller machine keypads in New York City hold microbes from human skin, household surfaces, or traces of food, a study by researchers at New York University has found. The work shows that ATMs can provide a repository to offer a picture of a city’s DNA.

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Research Finds Zika Virus Can Live for Hours on Hard, Non-Porous Surfaces

The Zika virus is most commonly transmitted in humans as the result of a bite from an infected mosquito or from an infected human to another human. What is not well known is that the virus also can be transmitted via the environment if an individual is pricked with an infected needle or has an open cut and comes in contact with the live virus. While there are no known cases to date of the general public being infected with the Zika virus through the environment, there has been at least one documented case of laboratory acquired Zika virus infection.

Science

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Renyi Zhang, F, Air Pollution, Clean Air Act, fossil fuel burning, SMOG

Researchers Solve Mystery of Historic 1952 London Fog and Current Chinese Haze

In 1952 a killer fog covered London for five days, causing breathing problems and killing thousands of residents. The exact cause and nature of the fog has remained mostly unknown for decades, but an international team of scientists believes that the mystery has been solved.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Biochemistry, Ecology and Environment, Molecular Biology, Toxicology, Diagnostics, Behavior, Law Enforcement, Crime Scene Investigation, Mass Spectrometry

What Molecules You Leave on Your Phone Reveal About Your Lifestyle

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By sampling the molecules on cell phones, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences were able to construct lifestyle sketches for each phone’s owner, including diet, preferred hygiene products, health status and locations visited. This proof-of-concept study could have a number of applications, including criminal profiling, airport screening, medication adherence monitoring, clinical trial participant stratification and environmental exposure studies.

Science

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Climate Change Already Dramatically Disrupting All Elements of Nature, Three New Bird Species Discovered in Africa, The Fastest Flyer in the Animal Kingdom, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on Animals in the Wildlife News Source







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