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Chemistry, Chemical Science, chemical sciences, Plutonium, oxidation state, Oxidations, molecular plutonium, Actinide, actinides, Radionuclide, Radionuclides, Jacs, Journal Of The American Chemical Society, heavy element, heavy elements, Elements, UCI, LANL, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University Of California, university of california at irvine, Radioactive Elements, orbital , Materials, Nuclear Science

A New Oxidation State for Plutonium

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Plutonium has more verified and accessible oxidation states than any other actinide element, an important insight for energy and security applications.

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GCOOS, ocean observing, coastal ocean observing, IOOS, high frequency radar, HFR, Mississippi River, Dead Zone, ocean navigation, Coast Guard, Rescue

New Funding for High Frequency Radar Sites at the Mouth of the Mississippi Will Help Make Gulf Safer

GCOOS has received $450,000 for two new High Frequency Radar (HFR) sites near the mouth of the Mississippi River.

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whale conservation, Paleontology, Ecology

A Potential Breeding Site of a Miocene Era Baleen Whale

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Baleen whales are amongst the largest animals to have ever lived and yet very little is known about their breeding habits. One researcher’s second look at previously found baleen whale fossils from Japan provides new evidence of a now long-gone breeding ground of the extinct baleen whale Parietobalaena yamaokai dating back over 15 million years.

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Angewandte Chemie, Markus Arndt, Lukas Mairhofer, University of Vienna, Vitamins, Quantum Ruler, Biomolecules, Physicists, molecular electronic properties, Quantum Physics, Particles, quantum interferometry, quantum chemistry

Quantum Ruler for Biomolecules

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Quantum physics teaches us that unobserved particles may propagate through space like waves. This is philosophically intriguing and of technological relevance: a research team at the University of Vienna has demonstrated that combining experimental quantum interferometry with quantum chemistry allows deriving information about optical and electronic properties of biomolecules, here exemplified with a set of vitamins. These results have been published in the journal "Angewandte Chemie International Edition".

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Water Purification

‘Coffee-Ring Effect’ Harnessed to Provide Rapid, Low-Cost Analysis of Tap Water (Video)

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“What’s in your water?” has become an increasingly fraught question for many people in the U.S. and around the world. Getting the answer isn’t always easy or cheap. Today, scientists are reporting that they are using the familiar “coffee-ring effect” to analyze multiple components in a single drop of water easily, quickly and cheaply. And someday, the public could use the method to test their own tap water.

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Cyborg Bacteria Outperform Plants When Turning Sunlight Into Useful Compounds (Video)

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Photosynthesis provides energy for the vast majority of life on Earth. But chlorophyll, the green pigment that plants use to harvest sunlight, is relatively inefficient. To enable humans to capture more of the sun’s energy than natural photosynthesis can, scientists have taught bacteria to cover themselves in tiny, highly efficient solar panels to produce useful compounds.

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Turning Human Waste Into Plastic, Nutrients Could Aid Long-Distance Space Travel (Video)

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Imagine you’re on your way to Mars, and you lose a crucial tool during a spacewalk. Not to worry, you’ll simply re-enter your spacecraft and use some microorganisms to convert your urine and exhaled carbon dioxide (CO2) into chemicals to make a new one. That’s one of the ultimate goals of scientists who are developing ways to make long space trips feasible.

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Remote Sensing, ShanghaiRanking, Geospatial Sciences Center of Excellence, SDSU Image Processing Laboratory, U.S. Geological Survey Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science

South Dakota State University Ranks 27th in World, 7th in U.S. For Remote Sensing Research

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South Dakota State University was ranked 27th worldwide and 7th in the United States for research productivity in the area of remote sensing, according to ShanghaiRanking’s 2017 Global Ranking of Academic Subjects.

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Chemistry, chemical sciences, Chemical Science, Separation, Separations, Membrane, Membranes, GeorgiaTech, Georgia Institute Of Technology, Nature Materials, traffic cop for molecules, Separate, Purify, energy use, Energy Consumption, carbon dioxide emissions, Molecular Sieve, molecular separation, molecular science, carbon molecular sieves, Sieve, Selectivity

A Traffic Cop for Molecules

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Easily manufactured, rigid membranes with ultra-small pores provides to be ultra-selective in separating chemicals.

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Evolution, Coevolution, Herbivores, tropical plants

Evolutionary Arms “Chase”

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The study analyzed multiple species of Inga, a genus of tropical trees that produces defensive chemicals, and their various insect herbivores. The researchers found that closely-related plants evolved very different defensive traits. Additionally, their analysis revealed that herbivores may drive evolution of plant defenses, but may not show coevolutionary adaptations. Instead, they may ‘chase’ plants based on the herbivore’s own traits at the time they encounter a new host.







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