Feature Channels: Cognition and Learning

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Newswise: Revolutionary brain stimulation technique shows promise for treating brain disorders
Released: 23-Feb-2024 8:05 PM EST
Revolutionary brain stimulation technique shows promise for treating brain disorders
Institute for Basic Science

The human brain's adaptability to internal and external changes, known as neural plasticity, forms the foundation for understanding cognitive functions like memory and learning, as well as various neurological disorders.

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This news release is embargoed until 3-Mar-2024 4:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 23-Feb-2024 5:05 PM EST

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This news release is embargoed until 29-Feb-2024 2:05 PM EST Released to reporters: 23-Feb-2024 12:05 PM EST

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Newswise: Early-Life Airborne Lead Exposure Associated with Lower IQ and Self-Control in NIH Study
Released: 23-Feb-2024 7:05 AM EST
Early-Life Airborne Lead Exposure Associated with Lower IQ and Self-Control in NIH Study
Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes NIH

Children who lived in areas with higher levels of airborne lead in their first five years of life appeared to have slightly lower IQs and less self-control, with boys showing more sensitivity to lead exposure, according to a new study from the NIH Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program.

   
Released: 21-Feb-2024 2:05 PM EST
Long COVID can happen to anyone. Keep up with the latest research on Long COVID on Newswise
Newswise

Stay informed! These are the latest research articles on "Long COVID" from the Coronavirus News Source on Newswise.

Newswise: Time watching videos may stunt toddler language development, but it depends on why they're watching
Released: 20-Feb-2024 12:00 PM EST
Time watching videos may stunt toddler language development, but it depends on why they're watching
Southern Methodist University

A new study from SMU psychologist Sarah Kucker and colleagues reveals that passive video use among toddlers can negatively affect language development, but their caregiver’s motivations for exposing them to digital media could also lessen the impact.

Newswise: Brain waves are part of memory
Released: 16-Feb-2024 9:05 PM EST
Brain waves are part of memory
Universitätsklinikum Bonn

Neuroscientists from Bonn, New York, and Freiburg discover interactions between so-called "ripples" and nerve cells during human memory processes.

Released: 16-Feb-2024 9:20 AM EST
New research finds that language shapes communication
Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School

The new study suggests there may be benefits of more carefully considering language as a core influence of human performance and communication.

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This news release is embargoed until 27-Feb-2024 3:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 15-Feb-2024 12:05 PM EST

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Feb-2024 3:00 AM EST The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Released: 13-Feb-2024 11:05 AM EST
Life doesn't stop at age 65. Get the latest on seniors and healthy aging in the Seniors channel
Newswise

Below are some of the latest research and features on this growing population of older adults in the Seniors channel on Newswise.

Released: 13-Feb-2024 1:05 AM EST
Children’s positive attitude towards mathematics fades during the early school years
University of Eastern Finland

Children’s interest in, and competence perceptions of, mathematics are generally quite positive as they begin school, but turn less positive during the first three years.

Released: 12-Feb-2024 10:05 PM EST
Number of at-risk youth with intellectual disability and autism in the U.S. foster care system is growing
Drexel University

Youth with foster care involvement have an increased risk for mental health diagnoses, trauma and worse outcomes in adulthood than their peers

Released: 12-Feb-2024 12:05 PM EST
Black students with dyslexia may go undiagnosed: Study
Yale School of Medicine

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the Dyslexia Resource Center find in a new study that Black students with dyslexia may be overlooked in schools.

   
Released: 11-Feb-2024 10:05 PM EST
‘LOVE’ is all you need: How play can help break the cycle of violence
McGill University

In Canada, only 1 in 5 children who need mental health services receive them. Clinical and psychiatric programs, while effective, can involve long wait times and prohibitive costs.

Newswise: Predicting psychosis before it occurs
Released: 11-Feb-2024 9:05 PM EST
Predicting psychosis before it occurs
University of Tokyo

The onset of psychosis can be predicted before it occurs, using a machine-learning tool which can classify MRI brain scans into those who are healthy and those at risk of a psychotic episode.

Released: 8-Feb-2024 2:05 PM EST
Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies
King's College London

A new King’s College London scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Released: 7-Feb-2024 1:05 AM EST
Understanding neurodiversity across the UK population - study
University of Birmingham

A new study has provided insight into how experiences and features of neurodiversity vary amongst adults in the UK.

   
Released: 6-Feb-2024 9:55 AM EST
Study finds strongest evidence to date of brain’s ability to compensate for age-related cognitive decline
University of Cambridge

Scientists have found the strongest evidence yet that our brains can compensate for age-related deterioration by recruiting other areas to help with brain function and maintain cognitive performance.

Newswise: ‘Mom Talk:’ Immigrant Bilingual Latina Mothers Have Dual-language Personalities
Released: 1-Feb-2024 8:30 AM EST
‘Mom Talk:’ Immigrant Bilingual Latina Mothers Have Dual-language Personalities
Florida Atlantic University

Do bilingual mothers switch cultures, making them they more Latin-like when speaking Spanish and more European American-like when speaking English? Yes, according to a new study.

 
Newswise: Researchers find early symptoms of psychosis spectrum disorder in youth higher than expected
Released: 30-Jan-2024 5:05 PM EST
Researchers find early symptoms of psychosis spectrum disorder in youth higher than expected
University of Toronto

A new study co-led by Associate Professor Kristin Cleverley of the Lawrence Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing has found evidence that Psychosis Spectrum Symptoms (PSS) are often present in youth accessing mental health services.

Newswise: Bringing supercomputers and experiments together to accelerate discoveries
Released: 30-Jan-2024 4:40 PM EST
Bringing supercomputers and experiments together to accelerate discoveries
Argonne National Laboratory

Through its Nexus effort, Argonne National Laboratory is working to closely integrate supercomputers with experiments to help researchers keep pace with the ever-increasing influx of scientific data.

Newswise: How a mouse’s brain bends time
Released: 30-Jan-2024 1:05 PM EST
How a mouse’s brain bends time
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Life has a challenging tempo. Sometimes, it moves faster or slower than we’d like. Nevertheless, we adapt.

Newswise: Students are missing more school, and school nurses may be well-positioned to help
Released: 29-Jan-2024 4:05 PM EST
Students are missing more school, and school nurses may be well-positioned to help
University of Missouri, Columbia

School nurses are more than just health care heroes. They also play a key role in identifying students who are at risk for chronic absenteeism — a growing problem that diminishes academic success and can hurt students’ health and lead to a variety of negative long-term life outcomes.

   
Released: 29-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Preguntas y respuestas de Mayo Clinic: alimentos que ayudan a potenciar la memoria
Mayo Clinic

Disfruto cocinar, pero prefiero hacerlo con los ingredientes más frescos. Cultivo mis propias frutas y verduras en un huerto pequeño y compro otros productos frescos en un mercado agrícola local.

Released: 29-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
Perguntas e respostas da Mayo Clinic: Alimentos que ajudam a fortalecer a memória
Mayo Clinic

Gosto de cozinhar, mas prefiro preparar a comida com os ingredientes mais frescos. Cultivo as minhas próprias frutas e verduras em uma pequena horta e compro os outros produtos frescos em um mercado de agricultores locais.

Released: 29-Jan-2024 12:05 PM EST
مايو كلينك سؤال وجواب: أطعمة تُساعد على تحسين ذاكرتك
Mayo Clinic

السادة مايو كلينك: أنا أحبّ الطهي، ولكني أفضّل استخدام المكونات الطازجة للغاية. وأنا أزرع فاكهتي وخضرواتي في حديقة صغيرة وأشتري الخضار والثمار الطازجة الأخرى من سوق مزارعين محلّيين. وقد قرأتُ أن هناك أطعمة معيّنة تُساعد على تحسين وظيفة الذاكرة. فهل هناك أطعمة بإمكاني أن أتناولها لتُساعد على تحفيز صحة مهاراتي المعرفية؟

Newswise: Where are all the male teachers?
Released: 28-Jan-2024 9:05 PM EST
Where are all the male teachers?
University of South Australia

Education experts at the University of South Australia are calling for a national childhood workforce strategy to encourage more men into early learning and childcare professions.

Newswise: Writing by hand may increase brain connectivity more than typing on a keyboard
Released: 26-Jan-2024 10:05 AM EST
Writing by hand may increase brain connectivity more than typing on a keyboard
Frontiers

As digital devices progressively replace pen and paper, taking notes by hand is becoming increasingly uncommon in schools and universities. Using a keyboard is recommended because it’s often faster than writing by hand. However, the latter has been found to improve spelling accuracy and memory recall.

16-Jan-2024 11:05 AM EST
Third Major Study Finds Evidence that Daily Multivitamin Supplements Improve Memory and Slow Cognitive Aging in Older Adults
Brigham and Women’s Hospital

In a meta-analysis of 5,000 participants, including more than 500 who underwent in-person assessments over two years, multivitamins showed benefits for memory and global cognition.

Released: 15-Jan-2024 5:05 AM EST
‘’Feel good’’ hormone could explain why exercise helps boost your brain
University of Portsmouth

A study exploring the mechanisms behind why cognitive performance improves in response to exercise, has found that dopamine plays a key role.

Newswise: Fitness with no age limit
Released: 4-Jan-2024 5:05 AM EST
Fitness with no age limit
University of Missouri, Columbia

For nearly 20 years, Stephen Ball has been a man on a mission: helping older Missourians stay healthy and get stronger through physical activity.

Newswise: Researchers identify path to prevent cognitive decline after radiation
Released: 3-Jan-2024 10:05 AM EST
Researchers identify path to prevent cognitive decline after radiation
University of Rochester Medical Center

Researchers at the Del Monte Institute for Neuroscience at the University of Rochester find that microglia—the brain’s immune cells—can trigger cognitive deficits after radiation exposure and may be a key target for preventing these symptoms.

Released: 19-Dec-2023 11:05 PM EST
Pushing compressed sensing to real-time edge applications
Peking University

Recently, a research team led by Prof. Sun Zhong at Peking University reported an analog hardware solution for real-time compressed sensing recovery, which has been published as an article titled "In-memory analog solution of compressed sensing recovery in one step" in Science Advances.

Newswise: Caring for loved ones with dementia, Alzheimer's disease during the holidays
Released: 19-Dec-2023 7:05 PM EST
Caring for loved ones with dementia, Alzheimer's disease during the holidays
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA Health dementia care specialists say caregiving and holiday festivities do not have to be mutually exclusive, but do require some adaptations to make the season enjoyable for all.

Released: 19-Dec-2023 11:05 AM EST
Lexical simplification via single-word generation
Higher Education Press

Lexical simplification (LS) aims to simplify a sentence by replacing complex words with simpler words without changing the meaning of the sentence,which can facilitate comprehension of the text for people with non-native speakers and children.

Released: 18-Dec-2023 8:05 PM EST
Trust or distrust? Neither! The right mindset for confronting disinformation
Hebrew University of Jerusalem

The review, entitled "Trust or Distrust? Neither! The Right Mindset for Confronting Disinformation," offers a nuanced exploration of how mindsets impact our beliefs and responses to information.

Newswise: Einstein Receives $10.9 Million Grant to Validate Remote Cognitive Testing for Alzheimer’s and Other Dementias
Released: 18-Dec-2023 9:30 AM EST
Einstein Receives $10.9 Million Grant to Validate Remote Cognitive Testing for Alzheimer’s and Other Dementias
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Neurologists often diagnose Alzheimer’s disease after evaluating patients during lengthy, in-person office visits.

Newswise: Large sequence models for sequential decision-making
Released: 15-Dec-2023 2:05 PM EST
Large sequence models for sequential decision-making
Higher Education Press

Transformer architectures have facilitated the development of large-scale and general-purpose sequence models for prediction tasks in natural language processing and computer vision, e.g., GPT-3 and Swin Transformer.

11-Dec-2023 6:05 PM EST
Automated Insomnia Intervention Found to Improve Both Sleep and Hazardous Alcohol Use
Research Society on Alcoholism

An online treatment for insomnia may improve both sleep and problem drinking patterns in people who drink heavily, according to a study in Alcohol: Clinical and Experimental Research.

     
Released: 14-Dec-2023 7:05 AM EST
Deep neural networks show promise as models of human hearing
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Computational models that mimic the structure and function of the human auditory system could help researchers design better hearing aids, cochlear implants, and brain-machine interfaces.

Released: 14-Dec-2023 7:05 AM EST
Breastfeeding alters infant gut in ways that boost brain development, may improve test scores
University of Colorado Boulder

Breastfeeding, even partially alongside formula feeding, changes the chemical makeup—or metabolome—of an infant’s gut in ways that positively influence brain development and may boost test scores years later, suggests new CU Boulder research.

Released: 13-Dec-2023 4:05 PM EST
Can telehealth assessments identify infants more likely to be on the autism spectrum?
UC Davis MIND Institute

UC Davis researchers are recruiting infants ages 6-12 months for a new national telehealth study aimed at understanding which developmental delays could indicate autism or other conditions.

Newswise: New Theory Claims that Identity Resides in the Human Genome and is Compatible with Cognitive Perspectives of ‘Self’
Released: 13-Dec-2023 1:05 PM EST
New Theory Claims that Identity Resides in the Human Genome and is Compatible with Cognitive Perspectives of ‘Self’
Our Own Identity

One of the greatest philosophical thought exercises that has challenged the concept of identity, is the Ship of Theseus paradox. It poses the question: Are we the same person over time? The original meaning of ‘Identity’ is derived from Medieval Latin identitas or idem meaning ‘sameness’ or ‘same’. But ‘sameness’ has been difficult to comprehend.

   
Newswise: Mapping the Mouse Brain Helps Reveal What Makes Us Human
11-Dec-2023 11:00 AM EST
Mapping the Mouse Brain Helps Reveal What Makes Us Human
University of California San Diego

As part of a national initiative better understand how the brain works, researchers from UC San Diego have analyzed more than 2.3 million individual brain cells from mice to create a comprehensive map of the mouse brain.

12-Dec-2023 11:05 AM EST
Study: Digital Leisure Reading Does Little to Improve Reading Comprehension for Students
American Educational Research Association (AERA)

For years, research showed that print reading, whether for leisure or school, improved developing readers’ ability to comprehend text. However, the explosive use of digital reading devices, constant access to these devices, and new types of reading materials have introduced new reading habits. Now, a new comprehensive review of research on digital leisure reading habits finds a virtually nonexistent relationship between digital reading and improvement in reading comprehension among students.

Released: 13-Dec-2023 8:00 AM EST
Adults With Cognitive Disabilities Are More Likely to Have Worse Experiences With Health Care System
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

Rutgers Institute for Health researcher Elizabeth Stone published new research finding that people with cognitive disabilities are less satisfied with their health care than those in the general population.

Newswise: Blending the school curriculum to create eco warriors
Released: 11-Dec-2023 9:05 PM EST
Blending the school curriculum to create eco warriors
University of South Australia

They’re among our youngest citizens, but when children learn about sustainability in their own backyard, they’re more likely to protect the environment, say University of South Australia researchers.



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