Feature Channels: Cognition and Learning

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Released: 19-May-2022 2:20 PM EDT
How cranberries could improve memory and ward off dementia
University of East Anglia

Adding cranberries to your diet could help improve memory and brain function, and lower ‘bad’ cholesterol – according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UK).

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Embargo will expire: 25-May-2022 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 19-May-2022 12:45 PM EDT

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12-May-2022 4:00 PM EDT
Risk Factors for Dementia May Vary with Age
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Which vascular risk factors are associated with the risk of developing dementia may vary with age. A new study shows that among people around age 55, the risk of developing dementia over the next 10 years was increased in those with diabetes and high blood pressure. For people around 65 years old, the risk was higher in those with heart disease, and for those in their 70s, diabetes and stroke. For 80-year-olds, the risk of developing dementia was increased in those with diabetes and a history of stroke, while taking blood pressure medications decreased the risk. The study is published in the May 18, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 18-May-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Choline Makes Key Nutrient Available for Baby Development
Cornell University

The nutrient choline – shown to have long-term benefits for children whose mothers consume it during pregnancy – also helps the body more efficiently use an omega 3 fatty acid that is essential for fetal brain, cognition and vision development, a new study finds.

Newswise: Ultra-powerful brain scanners offer hope for treating cognitive symptoms in Parkinson’s disease
Released: 17-May-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Ultra-powerful brain scanners offer hope for treating cognitive symptoms in Parkinson’s disease
University of Cambridge

Ultra-powerful 7T MRI scanners could be used to help identify those patients with Parkinson’s disease and similar conditions most likely to benefit from new treatments for previously-untreatable symptoms, say scientists.

Released: 17-May-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Stress could make us more likable, and other Behavioral Science news tips
Newswise

Here are some of the latest articles added to the Behavioral Science channel on Newswise.

Newswise: Can Spurring Neuron Growth in Adulthood Improve Cognitive Health, Mood?
Released: 16-May-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Can Spurring Neuron Growth in Adulthood Improve Cognitive Health, Mood?
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

UNC-Chapel Hill scientists boosted electrical activity between cells in the hypothalamus and the hippocampus to create new neurons – an important process called neurogenesis -- in animal models.

Newswise: The role of variability: From playing tennis to learning language
Released: 13-May-2022 4:15 PM EDT
The role of variability: From playing tennis to learning language
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics

Variability is crucially important for learning new skills. Consider learning how to serve in tennis.

Released: 13-May-2022 2:25 PM EDT
Family size may influence cognitive functioning in later life
Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

A new study at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, and the Robert Butler Columbia Aging Center and Université Paris-Dauphine – PSL, found that having three or more versus two children has a negative effect on late-life cognition.

Released: 11-May-2022 2:35 PM EDT
Effects of stress on adolescent brain’s “triple network”
Elsevier

Stress and trauma during adolescence can lead to long-term health consequences such as psychiatric disorders, which may arise from neurodevelopmental effects on brain circuitry.

Released: 11-May-2022 9:35 AM EDT
Research Shows the Role Empathy May Play in Music
Southern Methodist University

Can people who understand the emotions of others better interpret emotions conveyed through music? A new study by an international team of researchers suggests the abilities are linked.

Newswise: Complex human childbirth and cognitive abilities a result of walking upright
Released: 10-May-2022 12:55 PM EDT
Complex human childbirth and cognitive abilities a result of walking upright
University of Zurich

During human birth, the fetus typically navigates a tight, convoluted birth canal by flexing and rotating its head at various stages.

Newswise: Poor Eyesight Unfairly Mistaken for Brain Decline
Released: 9-May-2022 8:05 PM EDT
Poor Eyesight Unfairly Mistaken for Brain Decline
University of South Australia

Millions of older people with poor vision are at risk of being misdiagnosed with mild brain decline due to cognitive tests that rely on vision-dependent tasks.

Released: 9-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
The Clavius Project at SLUH Announces New Partnership with Saint Louis University
Saint Louis University

The Clavius Project announced a new partnership with Saint Louis University (SLU) made possible by a $612,000 grant from the Thomas R. Schilli Foundation (TRSF) to Saint Louis University. The grant will bring robotics and STEM enrichment programming into underserved schools across St. Louis through a partnership with SLU and its Ignatian Service Minor.

Released: 9-May-2022 12:40 PM EDT
Research Highlights That Working While in School Has Long-Lasting Effects on Human Capital Formation
BOCCONI UNIVERSITY

Le Barbanchon (Bocconi) and co-authors analyze the effects of a well-designed Uruguayan work-school program: higher earnings and higher likelihood to be employed two years after the experience, and no sign of declining school attendance or lower grades

Newswise: Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
Released: 9-May-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Bolder marmoset monkeys learn faster than shy ones
University of Vienna

Individual traits seem to drive our learning success: for instance, conscientious individuals often show higher academic performance. A group of cognitive and behavioural biologists from University of Vienna conducted personality assessments and a battery of learning tests with common marmosets and found that such a link, intertwined with family group membership, exists in these monkeys, too. The study results were recently published in the journal “Scientific Reports”.

Released: 5-May-2022 6:05 AM EDT
How our brain influences language change
University of Vienna

Our language is changing constantly. Researchers of the University of Vienna found that, over centuries, frequently occurring speech sound patterns get even more frequent. The reason for this development is that our brain can perceive, process and learn frequent, and thus prototypical sound patterns more easily than less frequent ones. The results of the study were published in the journal Cognitive Linguistics.

Newswise:Video Embedded researcher-explores-the-role-of-musical-timbre-or-tone-in-emotional-response
VIDEO
Released: 4-May-2022 2:15 PM EDT
Researcher explores the role of musical timbre or tone in emotional response
University of Oregon

How can people interpret the same sounds so differently? One answer is timbre, according to Zachary Wallmark, an assistant professor of musicology at the University of Oregon.

Newswise: Links between paranormal beliefs and cognitive function described by 40 years of research
27-Apr-2022 10:40 AM EDT
Links between paranormal beliefs and cognitive function described by 40 years of research
PLOS

New evaluation of prior studies finds increasing quality and areas for further improvement.

Released: 4-May-2022 12:40 PM EDT
Hearing and vision impairment linked to serious cognitive impairment in older adults
University of Toronto

A new nationally representative study published online in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports found hearing impairment and vision impairment to be independently associated with cognitive impairment.

Released: 3-May-2022 1:25 PM EDT
Cognitive impairment from severe COVID-19 equivalent to 20 years of ageing, study finds
University of Cambridge

Cognitive impairment as a result of severe COVID-19 is similar to that sustained between 50 and 70 years of age and is the equivalent to losing 10 IQ points, say a team of scientists from the University of Cambridge and Imperial College London.

29-Apr-2022 7:05 PM EDT
Study of Promising Alzheimer’s Marker in Blood Prompts Warning About Brain-Boosting Supplements
University of California San Diego

Elevated levels of an enzyme called PHGDH in the blood of older adults could be an early warning sign of Alzheimer’s disease. Research led by UC San Diego has consistently found high levels of PHGDH expression in brain tissue and blood samples of older adults with different stages of the disease.

Released: 2-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Mayo Clinic research finds AI-enabled ECGs may identify patients at greater risk of stroke, cognitive decline
Mayo Clinic

Atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac rhythm abnormality, has been linked to one-third of ischemic strokes, the most common type of stroke. But atrial fibrillation is underdiagnosed, partly because many patients are asymptomatic.

Released: 29-Apr-2022 3:45 PM EDT
Stress, Anxiety and Depression During Pregnancy May Hinder Toddler’s Cognitive Development
Children's National Hospital

Women’s elevated anxiety, depression and stress during pregnancy altered key features of the fetal brain, which subsequently decreased their offspring’s cognitive development at 18 months.

Released: 29-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Insulin Spray Improved Gait, Cognitive Function in Patients with and Without Type 2 Diabetes, Clinical Trial Shows
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Scientists have assessed the long-term effects of intranasal insulin on cognition and on gait in people with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Released: 28-Apr-2022 1:35 AM EDT
Study shows sharing behavior among young children may be related to their counting skills
Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD)

A core aspect of fairness is the ability to divide resources impartially among others. Previous research has shown that fair sharing behavior is a skill typically learned between the ages of four and six.

Newswise: When it Comes to Preventing Alzheimer’s, Women and Men are Not Created Equal
22-Apr-2022 5:00 PM EDT
When it Comes to Preventing Alzheimer’s, Women and Men are Not Created Equal
Florida Atlantic University

A study is the first to examine if sex significantly affects cognitive outcomes in people who follow individually-tailored, multi-domain clinical interventions. The study also determined whether change in risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), along with blood markers of AD risk, also were affected by sex. Results showed that while care in an Alzheimer's Prevention Clinic setting is equally effective at improving cognitive function in both women and men, the personally-tailored interventions used by the researchers led to greater improvements in women compared to men across AD and CVD disease risk scales, as well blood biomarkers of risk such as blood sugar, LDL cholesterol, and the diabetes test HbA1C. Findings are important because women are disproportionately affected by AD and population-attributable risk models suggest that managing risk factors can prevent up to one-third of dementia cases.

Newswise: Think fast! Clever monkeys plan their food trips to avoid stronger rivals
Released: 26-Apr-2022 4:05 AM EDT
Think fast! Clever monkeys plan their food trips to avoid stronger rivals
Frontiers

Vervet monkeys are quick and clever planners of the best route to follow on foraging trips, shows a new study.

Newswise: Infants preferentially perceive faces in the upper visual field
Released: 25-Apr-2022 12:55 PM EDT
Infants preferentially perceive faces in the upper visual field
Chuo University

It has previously been reported that the human visual system has an asymmetry in the visual field.

Released: 25-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
“I know this song!” Evolutionary keys to musical perception
Universitat Pompeu Fabra- Barcelona

How do we perceive music and sounds? This question is the basis of the research by the Language and Comparative Cognition Group (LCC) of the UPF Center for Brain and Cognition (CBC) published recently in the journal Animal Cognition.

Newswise: Circuit that focuses attention brings in wide array of inputs
Released: 21-Apr-2022 1:45 PM EDT
Circuit that focuses attention brings in wide array of inputs
Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT

In a new brain-wide circuit tracing study, scientists at MIT’s Picower Institute for Learning and Memory focused selective attention on a circuit that governs, fittingly enough, selective attention.

19-Apr-2022 9:00 AM EDT
People with Diabetes and Cognitive Decline May Be at Higher Risk for Heart Disease
Endocrine Society

People with type 2 diabetes who have cognitive impairment could be at greater risk for stroke, heart attack or death than other individuals with diabetes, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

14-Apr-2022 5:00 PM EDT
Faster Accumulation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Linked to Increased Dementia Risk
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Cardiovascular disease risk factors, like high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and smoking, are believed to play key roles in the likelihood of developing cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. A new study suggests that people who accumulate these risk factors over time, at a faster pace, have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease dementia or vascular dementia, compared to people whose risk factors remain stable throughout life. The research is published in the April 20, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 20-Apr-2022 11:00 AM EDT
Einstein Aging Study Receives $32 Million Grant to Study Alzheimer’s Disease
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

To help address the rising tide of Alzheimer’s disease nationwide, researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in collaboration with faculty at Pennsylvania State University and other institutions, have received a five-year, $32 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support the ongoing Einstein Aging Study (EAS), which focuses on both normal aging and the special challenges of Alzheimer’s disease, and other dementias. EAS was established at Einstein in 1980 and has been continuously funded by the NIH.

Released: 13-Apr-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Newborns’ brains already organized into functional networks
Ohio State University

Right from birth, human brains are organized into networks that support mental functions such as vision and attention, a new study shows.

Released: 11-Apr-2022 4:05 PM EDT
'Threatening' faces and beefy bodies do not bias criminal suspect identification, study finds
University of Cambridge

We’re all familiar with the classic “look” of a movie bad guy: peering through narrowing eyes with a sinister sneer (like countless James Bond villains, including Christopher Walken’s memorable Max Zorin in A View to a Kill) or pumped up to cartoon-like dimensions (like the Soviet boxer Drago who growls “I must break you” to Rocky Balboa in Rocky IV).

Released: 11-Apr-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Lead As a Social Determinant of Child and Adolescent Physiological Stress and Behavior
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Lead is an environmental neurotoxicant that causes neurocognitive deficits and cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. It also disproportionately affects socially disadvantaged communities. The association between lead exposure and children’s IQ has been well studied, but few studies have examined the effects of blood lead on children’s physiological stress and behavior. Three University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) studies shed light on how lead can affect children and adolescents’ physiological stress and emotional/behavioral development.

Newswise: Even in a Virtual Classroom, Preschoolers Can Gain Reading Skills
Released: 11-Apr-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Even in a Virtual Classroom, Preschoolers Can Gain Reading Skills
University of Washington

A new study by the University of Washington’s Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences finds that children can develop key reading skills in a virtual classroom with other students.

Released: 11-Apr-2022 12:55 PM EDT
Study Identifies Therapeutic Target for Alzheimer’s Disease, Revealing Strategy for Preventing or Slowing Disease Progression
Case Western Reserve University

A new study from Case Western Reserve University suggests a key protein molecule plays a major role in the accumulation of brain cholesterol, triggering the development of Alzheimer’s and supporting the use of peptide inhibitors as a therapeutic treatment target. The study found that mice, when treated with the peptide inhibitor, demonstrated 50% restored memory function, based on testing such as navigating mazes.

8-Apr-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Even “Sober” Driving May Be Impaired by Residual Alcohol Effects and Fatigue
Research Society on Alcoholism

Adults who attended a four-day music festival subsequently exhibited diminished attentional performance that could have impaired their driving even after they were no longer intoxicated, an innovative study suggests. Alcohol is known to affect drivers’ attention and responses, both during acute intoxication and residually (while hungover). Little is known about which elements of cognition are affected by residual alcohol impairment, how vulnerable we might be to those effects, or how they interact with fatigue, another common source of driving impairment. This raises concerns about, for example, the ability of festival goers to drive home safely, even without traceable alcohol in their blood or breath. Assessing cognitive and driving performance in real-world circumstances calls for creative experimentation. For the study in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, Australian investigators compared young adults’ performance on attention tasks in a controlled setting involving alco

7-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Certain Personality Traits Associated with Cognitive Functioning Late in Life
American Psychological Association (APA)

People who are organized, with high levels of self-discipline, may be less likely to develop mild cognitive impairment as they age, while people who are moody or emotionally unstable are more likely to experience cognitive decline late in life, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Released: 7-Apr-2022 1:20 PM EDT
After ‘mama,’ children’s first words include ‘this’ and ‘that’
Cornell University

Across languages and cultures, words that help direct caregivers’ attention are likely to be among the first children learn and use frequently, according to a new Cornell study that is the largest ever, by sample size, of early vocabulary development in an Indigenous language.

25-Mar-2022 9:00 AM EDT
Vitamin K Shows Evidence of Brain Benefits in Rats
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

In a new study conducted in rats, scientists report evidence that vitamin K could help protect against aging-related cognitive declines associated with Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

Released: 1-Apr-2022 4:25 PM EDT
Combination of biomarkers can identify common cognitive disease
University of Gothenburg

In recent years, subcortical small-vessel disease has become an increasingly common cognitive diagnosis.

Newswise: Neurology specialist addresses aphasia, the illness affecting Bruce Willis
Released: 1-Apr-2022 11:10 AM EDT
Neurology specialist addresses aphasia, the illness affecting Bruce Willis
University of Miami

Dr. James Galvin, chief of the Division of Cognitive Neurology at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, explains the brain disorder afflicting Bruce Willis that has caused him to step away from his acting career.

28-Mar-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Preliminary Study: Drug May Be Safe in Those with Mild Cognitive Impairment, Mild Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A small, preliminary study of an investigational new drug being studied for mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia associated with Alzheimer’s disease suggests it is safe and may be associated with improvements in executive function, thinking and memory skills. The study is released today, March 31, 2022, and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 74th Annual Meeting being held in person in Seattle, April 2 to 7, 2022 and virtually, April 24 to 26, 2022. The drug, called SAGE-718, is also in clinical trials for the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease.

Newswise: Cedars-Sinai Neurologists Participate in American Academy of Neurology Conference
Released: 30-Mar-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Cedars-Sinai Neurologists Participate in American Academy of Neurology Conference
Cedars-Sinai

Cedars-Sinai neurology experts are available to discuss the latest advances in research and clinical care for patients with disorders of the nervous system ahead of the 74th annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), happening April 2-7.

24-Mar-2022 5:35 PM EDT
High Rate of Diabetes, High Blood Pressure in Puerto Ricans Linked to Brain Changes
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

The high rate of diabetes and high blood pressure combined in Puerto Rican people may be linked to structural changes in the brain, according to a study published in the March 30, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.


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