Feature Channels: Cognition and Learning

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Newswise: Blanks for the Memory
Released: 6-May-2021 10:50 AM EDT
Blanks for the Memory
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego researchers report that one kind of perceptual learning can occur in memory-impaired persons who do not actually remember what they learned.

Released: 4-May-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Gene Therapy in Alzheimer’s Disease Mouse Model Preserves Learning and Memory
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego have used gene therapy to prevent learning and memory loss in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease, a key step toward eventually testing the approach in humans with the neurodegenerative disease.

Newswise: Cancer Researchers Study Cognitive Dysfunction after Chemo
Released: 4-May-2021 8:40 AM EDT
Cancer Researchers Study Cognitive Dysfunction after Chemo
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Following chemo, survivors suffer with memory dysfunction. The first large-scale study underway on cognitive behavioral therapy.

Released: 3-May-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Short-term exposure to air pollution may impede cognition; Aspirin could help
Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

Exposure to air pollution, even over the course of just a few weeks, can impede mental performance, according to a new study led by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.

29-Apr-2021 1:15 PM EDT
Does Eating A Mediterranean Diet Protect Against Memory Loss and Dementia?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Eating a Mediterranean diet that is rich in fish, vegetables and olive oil may protect your brain from protein build up and shrinkage that can lead to Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study. The research is published in the May 5, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

27-Apr-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Treatment Found to Improve Cognitive Function in Patients With Fragile X Syndrome
Rush University Medical Center

An experimental treatment produced improvements in cognitive function and language in patients with fragile X syndrome, according to study results published on April 29 in Nature Medicine. Fragile X syndrome (known as FXS for short) is the most common known genetic cause of autism and the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability.

Newswise: ToddBraverRecord-300x200.jpg
Released: 26-Apr-2021 2:55 PM EDT
Sum of incentives dictate efforts
Washington University in St. Louis

People rarely have just one motivation to do something. New research from the lab of Todd Braver at Washington University in St. Louis suggests how, and where, they combine.

Newswise: Draining brain’s debris enhances Alzheimer’s therapies in mice
26-Apr-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Draining brain’s debris enhances Alzheimer’s therapies in mice
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that improving the function of the brain's drainage network, known as the meningeal lymphatics, can make certain experimental Alzheimer’s therapies more effective in mice.

Newswise: Yale Cancer Center Study Shows Cognitive Impairment for Survivors of Many Pediatric Cancers
Released: 22-Apr-2021 4:30 PM EDT
Yale Cancer Center Study Shows Cognitive Impairment for Survivors of Many Pediatric Cancers
Yale Cancer Center

In a new study led by Yale Cancer Center, researchers report many survivors of childhood cancers receive systemic therapies associated with cognitive effects and chronic health conditions that may impact long-term cognitive outcomes with downstream effects on education, employment, and income. The results were published online today in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO).

20-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Light Therapy Helps Veterans Treated for Traumatic Brain Injury
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

A new study by researchers at the VA Portland Health Care System in Oregon found that augmenting traditional treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI) with morning bright light therapy (MBLT) improved physical and mental symptoms for participants. The team will present their work virtually at the American Physiological Society’s (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2021.

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Released: 14-Apr-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Scientists put the stopwatch on cannabis intoxication
University of Sydney

A comprehensive analysis of 80 scientific studies has identified a 'window of impairment' of between three and 10 hours caused by moderate to high doses of the intoxicating component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Released: 13-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
People may trust computers more than humans
University of Georgia

New research shows that people are more likely to rely on algorithms

Newswise: Blood Test for Depression Bipolar Disorder Offers Promise of Personalized Treatment
Released: 8-Apr-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Blood Test for Depression Bipolar Disorder Offers Promise of Personalized Treatment
Indiana University

Worldwide, 1 in 4 people will suffer from a depressive episode in their lifetime. While current diagnosis and treatment approaches are largely trial and error, a breakthrough study by Indiana University School of Medicine researchers sheds new light on the biological basis of mood disorders and offers a promising blood test aimed at a precision-medicine approach to treatment.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Autism Acceptance Month and Autism Exercise Month?
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

One in 54 kids in the U.S. lives with autism. Research shows that physical activity can positively impact quality of life for those living with the world’s fastest growing developmental disability. In honor of Autism Acceptance Month, David Geslak and ACSM team up to share three evidence-based physical activity strategies for those with autism.

Released: 7-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Rethink Announces First-Ever Protocol to Ensure Children with Autism Get the Right Level of Treatment
Rethink First

Behavioral health providers now have access to an evidence-based standard to guide customized treatment plans

Released: 7-Apr-2021 7:00 AM EDT
Not a Musician? Your Brain Can Still Tell What’s Music
American Physiological Society (APS)

New research suggests that people without musical training have areas of the brain that can identify and respond to music, even if they are unfamiliar with the genre. The study is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP).

Newswise: Cancer survivors need compassion to cope with ‘cancer-brain’
Released: 6-Apr-2021 1:05 AM EDT
Cancer survivors need compassion to cope with ‘cancer-brain’
University of South Australia

Every day, nearly 400 new cases of cancer are diagnosed in Australia. As a major cause of illness and a leading cause of death, many of us, sadly, also know someone with cancer.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
In pandemic, students with tech-savvy teachers fared better
Cornell University

The shift to online teaching because of the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected learning, data shows, but students whose instructors had experience with online teaching tools – especially those in classes using structured peer interaction – performed better, according to a new Cornell study.

Released: 1-Apr-2021 3:15 PM EDT
New research on Alzheimer's Disease shows 'lifestyle origin at least in some degree'
Brigham Young University

For years, research to pin down the underlying cause of Alzheimer's Disease has been focused on plaque found to be building up in the brain in AD patients.

Released: 1-Apr-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Developmental Scientists Gather Virtually to Present Child Development Research
Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD)

The Society for Research in Child Development will hold its Biennial Meeting virtually April 7 – April 9, 2021. The meeting brings together thousands of developmental scientists from around the world to present and learn about the latest research in child development. Attendance is complimentary to members of the media.

Released: 31-Mar-2021 4:50 PM EDT
Attention and working memory: Two sides of the same neural coin?
Princeton University

In 1890, psychologist William James described attention as the spotlight we shine not only on the world around us, but also on the contents of our minds.

25-Mar-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Exercise May Help Slow Cognitive Decline in Some People with Parkinson’s Disease
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

For people with Parkinson’s disease, problems with thinking and memory skills are among the most common nonmotor symptoms of the disease. A new study shows that exercise may help slow cognitive decline for some people with the disease. The study is published in the March 31, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 31-Mar-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Sugar not so nice for your child’s brain development
University of Georgia

New research led by a University of Georgia faculty member in collaboration with a University of Southern California research group has shown in a rodent model that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages during adolescence impairs performance on a learning and memory task during adulthood. The group further showed that changes in the bacteria in the gut may be the key to the sugar-induced memory impairment.

30-Mar-2021 8:30 PM EDT
Exercise in mid-life won’t improve cognitive function in women
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

For middle-aged women, exercise has many health benefits, but it may not help maintain cognitive function over the long term, according to a new UCLA Health study.

Released: 30-Mar-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Infants' language skills more advanced than first words suggest
University of Edinburgh

Babies can recognise combinations of words even before they have uttered their first word, a study suggests, challenging ideas of how children learn language.

Released: 30-Mar-2021 10:05 AM EDT
Cincinnati Children’s Develops Model to Help Identify Risk Factors for Reading Difficulties in Children before Kindergarten
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have developed a new framework for different factors influencing how a child’s brain is “wired” to learn to read before kindergarten.

Released: 26-Mar-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Measurable changes in brain activity during first few months of studying a new language
University of Tokyo

A study with first-time learners of Japanese has measured how brain activity changes after just a few months of studying a new language. The results show that acquiring a new language initially boosts brain activity, which then reduces as language skills improve.

Newswise: Does ‘harsh parenting’ lead to smaller brains?
19-Mar-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Does ‘harsh parenting’ lead to smaller brains?
Universite de Montreal

A study shows that harsh parenting practices in childhood have long-term repercussions for children’s brain development.

Released: 19-Mar-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Study shows stronger brain activity after writing on paper than on tablet or smartphone
University of Tokyo

A study of Japanese university students and recent graduates has revealed that writing on physical paper can lead to more brain activity when remembering the information an hour later.

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Released: 18-Mar-2021 3:00 PM EDT
Could leak in blood-brain barrier cause poor memory?
University of Washington School of Medicine

One of the keys to having a healthy brain at any age is having a healthy blood-brain barrier, a complex interface of blood vessels that run through the brain. Research shows the blood-brain barrier leaks as we age, and we lose cells called pericytes. But could this leak and the difficulties in recall be the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease?

12-Mar-2021 12:30 PM EST
Heart Health Problems in Your 20s May Affect Thinking Skills Decades Later
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People in their 20s and 30s who have health issues such as high blood pressure, obesity and high blood glucose levels may be more likely to have problems with thinking and memory skills decades later than those without these health issues, according to a study published in the March 17, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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Released: 17-Mar-2021 2:40 PM EDT
Astronauts in crewed missions to Mars could misread vital emotional cues

Living for nearly 2 months in simulated weightlessness has a modest but widespread negative effect on cognitive performance that may not be counteracted by short periods of artificial gravity, finds a new study published in Frontiers in Physiology.

Released: 16-Mar-2021 8:05 AM EDT
MCI Helper e-newsletter to aid Mild Cognitive Impairment patients, says Dr. Leslie Norins, of MCI911.com
MCI 911

Despite the absence of a curative drug, improvements in MCI may be possible though use of substances and tactics published throughout medical journals and summarized here.

Released: 15-Mar-2021 10:05 AM EDT
New report: Pre-pandemic literacy has improved but will students be retained?
Michigan State University

Third grade literacy has improved in Michigan according to a new report on Michigan’s Read by Grade 3 law from Michigan State University’s Education Policy Innovation Collaborative, the strategic research partner of the Michigan Department of Education. But progress is threatened because of insufficient targeted funding and concerns that students have fallen behind during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Released: 12-Mar-2021 12:20 PM EST
Study finds adolescents with autism may engage neural control systems differently
UC Davis MIND Institute

UC Davis Health researchers studying executive control in adolescents and young adults with autism have published new research that suggests a unique approach, rather than impairment.

Released: 11-Mar-2021 9:50 AM EST
Read to succeed ─ in math. Study shows how reading skill shapes more than just reading
University at Buffalo

These findings clearly demonstrate how the cooperative areas of the brain responsible for reading skill are also at work during apparently unrelated activities, such as multiplication, suggesting that reading, writing and arithmetic, the foundational skills informally identified as the three Rs, might actually overlap in ways not previously imagined, let alone experimentally validated.

Newswise: Riding The Wave to Memory-Forming Genetics
Released: 10-Mar-2021 11:35 AM EST
Riding The Wave to Memory-Forming Genetics
UT Southwestern Medical Center

UT Southwestern scientists have identified key genes involved in brain waves that are pivotal for encoding memories. The findings, published online this week in Nature Neuroscience, could eventually be used to develop novel therapies for people with memory loss disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

5-Mar-2021 10:35 AM EST
Analysis Finds that Digital Picture Books Harm Young Children’s Learning—Unless the Books Have the Right Enhancements
American Educational Research Association (AERA)

A comprehensive meta-analysis of prior research has found, overall, that children ages 1 to 8 were less likely to understand picture books when they read the digital, versus print, version. However, when digital picture books contain the right enhancements that reinforce the story content, they outperform their print counterparts. The results were published today in Review of Educational Research, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.

Released: 8-Mar-2021 9:00 AM EST
No More Sitting in the Dark?
Nationwide Children's Hospital

First study to objectively document self-paced physical and cognitive activity post-concussion among youth suggests they may be able to engage in physical and cognitive activity as soon as tolerated post-concussion

Released: 5-Mar-2021 10:20 AM EST
After the Elderly, Those with Intellectual Disabilities are at Greatest Risk of Death from COVID-19
Thomas Jefferson University

A study of national data shows the devastating impact the pandemic has had on those with intellectual disabilities and their caregivers.

Released: 4-Mar-2021 3:55 PM EST
Large number of COVID-19 survivors will experience cognitive complications
Oxford Brookes University

A research review led by Oxford Brookes University has found a large proportion of COVID-19 survivors will be affected by neuropsychiatric and cognitive complications.

Newswise: Novel Drug Prevents Amyloid Plaques, a Hallmark of Alzheimer’s Disease
Released: 2-Mar-2021 3:05 PM EST
Novel Drug Prevents Amyloid Plaques, a Hallmark of Alzheimer’s Disease
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine and elsewhere have identified a new drug that could prevent AD by modulating, rather than inhibiting, a key enzyme involved in forming amyloid plaques.

Released: 2-Mar-2021 2:45 PM EST
New Neurobiological Study Finds Riding a Motorcycle Can Decrease Stress and Improve Mental Focus
Harley-Davidson Motor Company

The results of a neurobiological study, today published in Brain Research, yielded pioneering scientific evidence revealing the potential mental and physical benefits of riding a motorcycle.

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Released: 1-Mar-2021 3:35 PM EST
Pre-schoolers frequently using tablet or mobile can't see the forest for the trees
Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE)

What can you see on this picture (next to thearticle)? Say what comes to your mind immediately!

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Released: 1-Mar-2021 2:25 PM EST
The human brain grew as a result of the extinction of large animals
Tel Aviv University

A new paper by Dr. Miki Ben-Dor and Prof. Ran Barkai from the Jacob M. Alkow Department of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University proposes an original unifying explanation for the physiological, behavioral and cultural evolution of the human species, from its first appearance about two million years ago, to the agricultural revolution (around 10,000 BCE).

Newswise: Socioeconomic status plays a major role in cognitive outcomes
Released: 1-Mar-2021 1:30 PM EST
Socioeconomic status plays a major role in cognitive outcomes
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Childhood cancer and its treatment can result in cognitive struggles. St. Jude scientists are studying the risk factors.

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