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Newswise: Podcast: Young advocate bolsters epilepsy awareness in Zambia
Released: 14-Jan-2022 12:05 PM EST
Podcast: Young advocate bolsters epilepsy awareness in Zambia
International League Against Epilepsy

Since his 2016 epilepsy diagnosis, Bright M. Bwalya has shared information about epilepsy through radio and TV interviews, education sessions, and a mobile app. He works to correct misinformation and to remind people that "you are not your epilepsy."

Newswise: Your gut senses the difference between real sugar and artificial sweetener
Released: 13-Jan-2022 5:35 PM EST
Your gut senses the difference between real sugar and artificial sweetener
Duke University

Your taste buds may or may not be able to tell real sugar from a sugar substitute like Splenda, but there are cells in your intestines that can and do distinguish between the two sweet solutions.

Released: 13-Jan-2022 3:05 PM EST
Riesgos cardiovasculares podrían empeorar la capacidad de pensamiento y memoria en mujeres de mediana edad
Mayo Clinic

Las afecciones cardíacas, como la enfermedad arterial coronaria, y los factores de riesgo cardiovascular, como la diabetes y el colesterol alto, tienen una relación más fuerte con el deterioro de la capacidad de pensamiento y memoria en las mujeres de mediana edad que en los hombres

Released: 13-Jan-2022 2:50 PM EST
Heart disease causes early brain dysfunction and can treble key Alzheimer’s protein
University of Sheffield

Scientists have discovered that heart disease causes brain dysfunction that could lead to dementia before the buildup of plaque in blood vessels of the brain

13-Jan-2022 11:05 AM EST
Study identifies Epstein-Barr as a leading candidate for cause of Multiple Sclerosis
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

A new study published Jan. 13 in Science reports that Epstein-Barr virus infection – known for causing mononucleosis or “mono,” could be a primary cause for multiple sclerosis.

Released: 12-Jan-2022 5:20 PM EST
Severity of menopause symptoms can affect a woman's cognitive performance
North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Menopause is often accompanied by an array of symptoms that can detract from a woman’s quality of life.

Newswise: Metabolic vulnerabilities could be new targets for metastatic breast cancer
Released: 12-Jan-2022 4:55 PM EST
Metabolic vulnerabilities could be new targets for metastatic breast cancer
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Metabolic differences could explain why some metastatic breast cancer cells rapidly generate tumors after migrating from primary tumors to the brain, while others linger for months or years before forming these secondary tumors, UT Southwestern scientists report in a new study. The findings, published in Cell Metabolism, highlight metabolic vulnerabilities in malignant cells that could eventually lead to new cancer therapies.

7-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
Study: Get Moving to Put the Brakes on Early Parkinson’s
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A new study suggests that people with early-stage Parkinson’s disease who regularly got one to two hours of moderate exercise twice a week, like walking or gardening, may have less trouble balancing, walking and doing daily activities later. The research is published in the January 12, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Researchers found that those who exercised regularly over five years did better on cognitive tests and had slower progression of the disease in several aspects.

Released: 12-Jan-2022 3:05 PM EST
Removing brain cells linked to wakefulness and addiction may lessen symptoms of opioid withdrawal
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A study in mice led by UCLA researchers shows that removing chemical messengers in the brain that are involved in both wakefulness and addiction may make withdrawal from opioids easier and help prevent relapse.

Newswise: Florida State researchers identify link that plays a role in regulating neuropsychiatric brain disorders
Released: 12-Jan-2022 2:05 PM EST
Florida State researchers identify link that plays a role in regulating neuropsychiatric brain disorders
Florida State University

Florida State University researchers have identified a link between two key parts of the brain that play significant roles in conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia and depression.Associate Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience Wen Li and psychology doctoral candidate Kevin Clancy found that stimulating the system in the brain that deals with attention and imagery also enhances the efficiency of what’s called the default mode network, a key part of the brain’s functional organization.

Newswise: Researchers studying how special MRI protocol can help treat patients with brain hemorrhages
Released: 12-Jan-2022 11:05 AM EST
Researchers studying how special MRI protocol can help treat patients with brain hemorrhages
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

A study designed to determine how magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to help clinicians treat patients with brain hemorrhages is underway at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth Houston).

Newswise: Expert Available to Discuss Alzheimer’s Medication in the Wake of Medicare Decision
Released: 12-Jan-2022 10:25 AM EST
Expert Available to Discuss Alzheimer’s Medication in the Wake of Medicare Decision
Cedars-Sinai

Following Medicare’s decision today about paying for a new Alzheimer’s disease treatment only in limited circumstances, Zaldy Tan, MD, MPH, a highly respected memory and geriatric medicine specialist at Cedars-Sinai, is available to comment.

Newswise: After Aduhelm: Alzheimer’s Treatments on the Horizon
Released: 11-Jan-2022 5:45 PM EST
After Aduhelm: Alzheimer’s Treatments on the Horizon
Cedars-Sinai

As 2022 gets underway, experts in the Cedars-Sinai Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery are monitoring new Alzheimer’s treatments, while also advancing Cedars-Sinai-led research in noninvasive diagnostic tools for the disease.

Released: 11-Jan-2022 4:20 PM EST
Sleep deprivation increases serotonin 2a receptor response in brain
University of Arizona Health Sciences Center

The serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor is widely distributed in the brain and plays a critical role in perception, cognition and psychosis.

Released: 11-Jan-2022 1:00 PM EST
Could childhood inflammation or infection be a cause of depression and psychosis?
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

A growing body of research suggests that early-life infection, inflammation, and metabolic changes could contribute to psychiatric disorders – perhaps via effects during critical periods of brain development. New evidence on how "immunometabolic" risk factors in childhood may affect the development of depression and psychotic disorders in adulthood is presented in the January/February special issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

7-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
Who Gives Consent for Treatment when a Person with Stroke Cannot?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Who gives consent for treatment when a person with stroke cannot? The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is issuing a position statement for neurologists on how to navigate consent issues for people who have experienced acute ischemic stroke. The statement is published in the January 10, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, and was developed by the Ethics, Law, and Humanities Committee, a joint committee of the AAN, American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society. This position statement replaces the American Academy of Neurology’s 1999 position paper as well as a 2011 policy statement on this topic.

Newswise: ON-OFF-Odor-Record.jpg
Released: 10-Jan-2022 1:50 PM EST
The "surprisingly simple" arithmetic of smell
Washington University in St. Louis

Algorithm finds ON neurons, which are activated when an odorant is present, and OFF neurons, which are silenced when an odorant is present but become activated after the odor presentation ends.

Released: 10-Jan-2022 11:15 AM EST
Boosting one gene in the brain’s helper cells slows Alzheimer’s progression in mice
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Increasing the expression of one gene in cells that assist the brain’s neurons protects neurons in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease. These findings come from a new study published Jan. 10 in Nature Communications. High activity of the gene, Nrf2, slowed cognitive and physical decline in the mice and reduced the accumulation of sticky proteins in their brains, all key markers of the disease in humans.

Released: 10-Jan-2022 10:35 AM EST
Reasearchers find key hormone influences social behavior from areas outside the brain 
Florida State University

Oxytocin’s role in regulating and influencing social behavior is well known. Numerous ongoing clinical trials are focusing on the levels of the hormone in the brain but now a Florida State University research team has found evidence that oxytocin receptors outside of the brain may play an important role in shaping social behavior.

Newswise: UCI-led team first to discover new neural circuits that regulate spatial learning and memory in the brain’s hippocampal formation
Released: 9-Jan-2022 9:05 PM EST
UCI-led team first to discover new neural circuits that regulate spatial learning and memory in the brain’s hippocampal formation
University of California, Irvine

A research team led by University of California, Irvine has discovered new neural circuits that regulate spatial learning and memory in the brain’s hippocampal formation. The team identified novel functional roles of new circuit connections between the venal CA1 region and dorsal CA3 regions of the hippocampus and demonstrated that genetic inactivation of this projection impairs object-related spatial learning and memory, but does not modulate anxiety-related behaviors.

Newswise: Dog brains can distinguish between languages
Released: 7-Jan-2022 4:05 PM EST
Dog brains can distinguish between languages
Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE)

Dog brains can detect speech, and show different activity patterns to a familiar and an unfamiliar language, a new brain imaging study by researchers from the Department of Ethology, Eötvös Loránd University (Hungary) finds.

Newswise: How do we provide meaning to our environment? Cracking the neural code to the brain
Released: 7-Jan-2022 3:05 PM EST
How do we provide meaning to our environment? Cracking the neural code to the brain
Boston University

The brain is the most complex organ in our body – constantly absorbing and interpreting our surroundings, and guiding our movement, thoughts, behaviors and emotions.

Released: 7-Jan-2022 2:25 PM EST
Global dementia cases set to triple by 2050 unless countries address risk factors
Lancet

First comprehensive analysis forecasts dementia prevalence in 195 countries and territories and examines the impact of expected trends in exposure to four important risk factors—smoking, obesity, high blood sugar, and low education.

Released: 7-Jan-2022 1:20 PM EST
Exercise alters brain chemistry to protect aging synapses
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

When elderly people stay active, their brains have more of a class of proteins that enhances the connections between neurons to maintain healthy cognition, a UC San Francisco study has found.

Newswise:Video Embedded neuromuscular-junction-how-s-that-function
VIDEO
Released: 6-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
Neuromuscular junction, how’s that function?
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NIBIB-funded researchers have found a way to model the human neuromuscular junction by growing these synapses in a lab, which could accelerate novel treatments for neuromuscular diseases.

Newswise: Can a Human Microglial Atlas Guide Brain Disorder Research?
4-Jan-2022 8:00 AM EST
Can a Human Microglial Atlas Guide Brain Disorder Research?
Mount Sinai Health System

Mount Sinai researchers analyzed thousands of microglia from different brain regions of deceased patients who had been diagnosed with a variety of neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Their results, published in Nature Genetics, support the idea that microglia may play critical roles in some cases of brain disease while also providing a potentially valuable guide for future studies.

Newswise: Century-Old Assumption Regarding Neurons and Brain Activity Disproved
Released: 5-Jan-2022 4:50 PM EST
Century-Old Assumption Regarding Neurons and Brain Activity Disproved
Bar-Ilan University

A group of researchers led by Prof. Kanter from Bar-Ilan University in Israel challenge conventional wisdom by highlighting three new features they've experimentally discovered about neuronal refractory (resting) periods.

30-Dec-2021 10:00 AM EST
Cardiovascular Risks May Be Worse for Women’s Cognition in Middle Age
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A new study suggests that even though men may be more likely to have cardiovascular conditions like heart disease and stroke and risk factors like diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking in middle age than women, the negative impact of most of these conditions on thinking and memory skills may be stronger for women. The research is published in the January 5, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 5-Jan-2022 9:40 AM EST
COVID-19 has been an 'amplifier' of intimate partner violence: Study explores pandemic impacts on survivors, providers and services
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Brain injury is very common among survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV), and these risks have been further heightened during the COVID-19 pandemic, reports a qualitative study in the January/February special issue of the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation (JHTR). The official journal of the Brain Injury Association of America, JHTR is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 5-Jan-2022 8:05 AM EST
Fostering Women Leaders in Neurosurgery and Neurology
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

CHLA's Neurosurgery and Neurology Divisions are led by women physicians, a rarity for a children's hospital. Why there’s still a gap at the top between men and women—and how to close it.

Released: 5-Jan-2022 8:05 AM EST
Adult Epilepsy Treatment Reduces Seizures in Children
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A surgical treatment commonly used to reduce epileptic seizures in adults also is effective and safe for children, according to a Rutgers study.

Newswise: Mechanical engineer awarded $2.1 million NIH grant to launch clinical trial for exoskeleton technology
Released: 4-Jan-2022 5:05 PM EST
Mechanical engineer awarded $2.1 million NIH grant to launch clinical trial for exoskeleton technology
Northern Arizona University

A $2.1 million NIH grant will enable Northern Arizona University mechanical engineer Zach Lerner to launch a major clinical trial to test a treatment strategy for children with cerebral palsy using a lightweight, wearable robotic device.

Released: 4-Jan-2022 8:05 AM EST
CHLA Launches First-Ever Autism-Genomics Clinic
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Professor, Medical Genetics and Associate Director of Clinical Research, TSRI Dr. Bridget Fernandez, MD, MS, is launching CHLA’s first-ever Autism Genomics Clinic, which will provide medical genetics consultations for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental disorders. The clinic will also play a role in her research program, which aims to better understand the genomic underpinnings of ASD.

Released: 3-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
Researchers Predict Rat Behaviors From Brain Activity
University of Oregon

If behavior is a language, University of Oregon neuroscientist Luca Mazzucato is decoding its grammar. Distinct, coordinated activity in large sets of neurons can predict a rat’s future behavior, he and his team showed in a new study. They created a dictionary that links brain activity patterns to simple actions. The finding helps them to understand how the brain decides the timing of future actions, and connects small actions into larger sequences. He and his team reported their results October 29 in the journal Neuron.

Released: 3-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
Choline during pregnancy impacts children’s sustained attention
Cornell University

Seven-year-old children performed better on a challenging task requiring sustained attention if their mothers consumed twice the recommended amount of choline during their pregnancy, a new Cornell study has found.

Newswise: When Mom Talks, Are Infants with ASD Listening?
Released: 3-Jan-2022 1:05 PM EST
When Mom Talks, Are Infants with ASD Listening?
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine pinpoint the regions of the brain and neural mechanisms responsible for normal or impaired development of a child’s response to baby talk and why infants with autism do not typically respond well.

Newswise: Researchers identify biomarker for depression, antidepressant response
Released: 3-Jan-2022 11:00 AM EST
Researchers identify biomarker for depression, antidepressant response
University of Illinois Chicago

Researchers have identified a biomarker in human platelets that tracks the extent of depression.

Newswise: January 2022 Issue of Neurosurgical Focus: “Robotics in Neurosurgery”
22-Dec-2021 10:00 AM EST
January 2022 Issue of Neurosurgical Focus: “Robotics in Neurosurgery”
Journal of Neurosurgery

Announcement of contents of the January 2022 issue of Neurosurgical Focus

Newswise: January 2022 Issue of Neurosurgical Focus: Video: “Intraoperative Visualization”
22-Dec-2021 10:05 AM EST
January 2022 Issue of Neurosurgical Focus: Video: “Intraoperative Visualization”
Journal of Neurosurgery

Announcement of contents of the January 2022 issue of Neurosurgical Focus: Video

26-Dec-2021 10:05 PM EST
AAN Issues Guideline for Treatment of Painful Diabetic Neuropathy
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Diabetic neuropathy refers to nerve damage due to diabetes and it may lead to pain and numbness, most often in the hands and feet. To help neurologists and other doctors determine the best treatment for people with diabetic neuropathy, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has issued a guideline on oral and topical treatments for painful diabetic neuropathy. The guideline is published in the December 27, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the AAN, and is endorsed by the American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine. This guideline updates the 2011 AAN guideline on the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy.

Newswise: Can we unlearn pain? Helping make sense of chronic pain.
Released: 22-Dec-2021 9:05 PM EST
Can we unlearn pain? Helping make sense of chronic pain.
University of South Australia

Outwit, outplay, outlast. Just like the motto on television show Survivor, a three-pronged approach to learning about pain could improve the lives of people experiencing chronic pain, according to new research from the University of South Australia.

17-Dec-2021 5:15 PM EST
Exposure to Formaldehyde at Work Linked to Cognitive Problems Later
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A variety of jobs expose people to formaldehyde, a strong-smelling gas used in manufacturing wood and chemical products, plastics and in other applications. A new study suggests that long-term exposure to formaldehyde during work may be associated with cognitive impairment later on. The research is published in the December 22, 2021, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 22-Dec-2021 3:10 PM EST
طبيب الأعصاب في مايو كلينك يقدم 5 نصائح للتعامل مع حالات الشقيقة
Mayo Clinic

فينيكس، في ولاية أريزونا- الشقيقة (الصداع النصفي) هو مرض عصبي وراثي، ولكن العديد من العوامل يمكن أن تسهم في الإصابة به. فقد تؤدي تغييرات أنماط النوم ومستويات الهرمونات، وحتى التغيرات في الطقس، إلى الإصابة بالشقيقة. في بعض الأحيان كل ما يتطلبه الأمر مجرد تناول طعام معين.

Released: 22-Dec-2021 3:10 PM EST
妙佑医疗国际神经内科医生提供5个控制偏头痛的建议
Mayo Clinic

偏头痛是一种遗传性神经疾病,但造成的因素有几个。睡眠模式和激素水平的变化,甚至天气的变化,都可能引发偏头痛。有时只是吃某种食物就会引发偏头痛。

Released: 22-Dec-2021 3:05 PM EST
Neuróloga de Mayo Clinic ofrece cinco consejos para controlar las migrañas
Mayo Clinic

La migraña es una enfermedad neurológica genética, pero existen varios factores que pueden contribuir a su aparición. Los cambios en los patrones de sueño y los niveles hormonales, e incluso los cambios en el clima, pueden provocar migrañas. A veces solo basta con ingerir cierto alimento.

Released: 22-Dec-2021 2:55 PM EST
Neurologista da Mayo Clinic oferece cinco dicas para lidar com as enxaquecas
Mayo Clinic

A enxaqueca é uma doença neurológica genética, mas existem diversos fatores que podem contribuir. Mudanças nos padrões do sono, nos níveis hormonais e até mesmo mudanças climáticas podem desencadear enxaquecas. Às vezes, basta comer uma determinada comida.

Released: 22-Dec-2021 6:05 AM EST
New theory asserts Down syndrome and Alzheimer’s disease are caused by same microorganism and that both are preventable
MCI 911

There has yet been no plausible theory to explain Alzheimer's disease arising among Down syndrome young adults. A microbe is proposed for that role.

Newswise: Testing a promising treatment for functional seizures in children
Released: 21-Dec-2021 5:05 PM EST
Testing a promising treatment for functional seizures in children
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Clinical psychologist Aaron Fobian, Ph.D., has developed a therapy for this debilitating condition that she is now testing in a major NIH-sponsored clinical trial.


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