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Newswise: Cerebral palsy also has genetic underpinnings
Released: 29-Sep-2020 6:20 PM EDT
Cerebral palsy also has genetic underpinnings
Washington University in St. Louis

Scientists have identified mutations in single genes that can be responsible for at least some cases of cerebral palsy, according to a new study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The study indicates that many of the mutations occur randomly and are not inherited from a child’s parents. The new knowledge could help improve the diagnosis of cerebral palsy and lead to future therapies.

Newswise:Video Embedded world-s-first-pathoconnectome-could-point-toward-new-treatments-for-neurodegenerative-diseases
VIDEO
Released: 29-Sep-2020 4:50 PM EDT
World’s First ‘Pathoconnectome’ Could Point Toward New Treatments for Neurodegenerative Diseases
University of Utah Health

Scientists from the John A. Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah have achieved another first in the field of connectomics, which studies the synaptic connections between neurons. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded lab has produced the first pathoconnectome, showing how eye disease alters retinal circuitry.

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Embargo will expire: 30-Sep-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 11:15 AM EDT

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Newswise: Finding Right Drug Balance for Parkinson’s Patients
24-Sep-2020 11:50 AM EDT
Finding Right Drug Balance for Parkinson’s Patients
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Parkinson’s disease is most commonly treated with levodopa, but the benefits wear off as the disease progresses and high doses can result in dyskinesia, which are involuntary and uncontrollable movements. To better understand the underlying reasons behind these effects, researchers created a model of the interactions between levodopa, dopamine, and the basal ganglia, an area of the brain that plays a crucial role in Parkinson’s disease. They discuss their findings in the journal Chaos.

Newswise: Acid Reflux Drug Could Help Newborn Babies Recover From Brain Injury, Study Suggests
22-Sep-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Acid Reflux Drug Could Help Newborn Babies Recover From Brain Injury, Study Suggests
The Rockefeller University Press

Researchers in China have discovered a potential way to prevent a lack of oxygen or blood flow from causing long-lasting brain damage in newborn children. The study, which will be published September 29 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine (JEM), suggests that targeting the histamine H2 receptor with drugs already used to treat acid reflux in infants could help newborns recover from hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), a condition that affects over 1 in 1,000 live births and can cause life-long neurological disabilities.

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Embargo will expire: 30-Sep-2020 4:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 9:55 AM EDT

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Embargo will expire: 30-Sep-2020 4:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 9:40 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 1-Oct-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 8:35 AM EDT

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Newswise: UVA Launching Project to Determine Long-term Brain Effects of Blast Exposures in Military Personnel
Released: 29-Sep-2020 7:05 AM EDT
UVA Launching Project to Determine Long-term Brain Effects of Blast Exposures in Military Personnel
University of Virginia Health System

University of Virginia School of Medicine researchers are partnering with the U.S. Navy and National Institutes of Health to develop a model predicting how regular exposure to artillery blasts affects the brains of military personnel.

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Embargo will expire: 1-Oct-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 7:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: 244174_web.jpg
Released: 28-Sep-2020 6:45 PM EDT
Research confirms link between sleep apnea and Alzheimer's disease
Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University

New research has confirmed long-suspected links between sleep apnea and Alzheimer's disease, finding identical signs of brain damage in both conditions.

Newswise: New Artificial Intelligence Platform Uses Deep Learning to Diagnose Dystonia with High Accuracy in Less Than One Second
Released: 28-Sep-2020 3:00 PM EDT
New Artificial Intelligence Platform Uses Deep Learning to Diagnose Dystonia with High Accuracy in Less Than One Second
Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Researchers at Mass Eye and Ear have developed a unique diagnostic tool called DystoniaNet that uses artificial intelligence to detect dystonia from MRI scans in 0.36 seconds. DystoniaNet is the first technology of its kind to provide an objective diagnosis of the disorder. In a new study of 612 brain MRI scans, the platform diagnosed dystonia with 98.8 percent accuracy.

Newswise: Spinal Cord Stimulation Reduces Pain and Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease Patients
Released: 28-Sep-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Spinal Cord Stimulation Reduces Pain and Motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease Patients
University of California San Diego Health

A team of researchers in the United States and Japan reports that spinal cord stimulation (SCS) measurably decreased pain and reduced motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, both as a singular therapy and as a “salvage therapy” after deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapies were ineffective.

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Embargo will expire: 4-Oct-2020 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 28-Sep-2020 2:50 PM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 4-Oct-2020 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 28-Sep-2020 2:40 PM EDT

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Released: 28-Sep-2020 8:50 AM EDT
Clinical trial to assess rehabilitation treatment for infants and toddlers after stroke
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

In the first of its kind for the tiniest stroke survivors, researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) will lead a stroke rehabilitation clinical trial in the state of Texas through a multi-institutional NIH StrokeNet initiative.

Newswise: 2020 Tom Isaacs Award honors leading Parkinson’s expert
Released: 25-Sep-2020 2:45 PM EDT
2020 Tom Isaacs Award honors leading Parkinson’s expert
Van Andel Institute

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (Sept. 25, 2020) — Van Andel Institute and The Cure Parkinson’s Trust are thrilled to announce Caroline Tanner, M.D., Ph.D., of University of California, San Francisco’s Weill Institute for Neurosciences as the recipient of the 2020 Tom Isaacs Award, which honors individuals who have had a significant impact on the lives of people with Parkinson’s and/or involved them in a participatory way in research.

Newswise: Stem cells can repair Parkinson’s-damaged circuits in mouse brains
Released: 25-Sep-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Stem cells can repair Parkinson’s-damaged circuits in mouse brains
University of Wisconsin-Madison

University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers demonstrated a proof-of-concept stem cell treatment in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease. They found that neurons derived from stem cells can integrate well into the correct regions of the brain, connect with native neurons and restore motor functions.

Newswise: Remote Neuropsychology Tests For Children Shown Effective
Released: 25-Sep-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Remote Neuropsychology Tests For Children Shown Effective
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – Sept. 23, 2020 – Administering neuropsychology evaluations to children online in the comfort of their own homes is feasible and delivers results comparable to tests traditionally performed in a clinic, a new study led by UT Southwestern researchers and Children’s Health indicates. The finding, published online this month in the Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, could help expand access to specialists and reduce barriers to care, particularly as the popularity of telemedicine grows during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Released: 24-Sep-2020 12:15 PM EDT
One-Off Extreme Drinking May Cause Structural Brain Atrophy in Young Adults
Research Society on Alcoholism

A new study suggests that a single episode of extreme drinking in young adults may be linked to almost immediate structural brain atrophy. Adolescence and emerging adulthood are known to represent critical stages for brain development, involving heightened vulnerability to the toxic effects of drinking. Chronic alcohol use among young adults is associated with structural brain abnormalities, especially in the corpus callosum, which transfers information between brain hemispheres — a key function in learning and memory. Preclinical research in rodents suggests that a single drinking episode might result in brain atrophy. However, it was unclear whether and how a single episode of extreme drinking in young adults could affect brain structure. The study, published in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, assessed participants before and after a single episode of extreme drinking — consuming more than four to five alcohol-containing beverages in a single episode — scanning the br

Released: 24-Sep-2020 11:10 AM EDT
MD Anderson and Taiho Pharmaceutical announce collaboration to accelerate development of novel therapies for brain metastasis and other unmet medical needs
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Taiho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., today announced a three-year strategic collaboration to accelerate the development of treatments for significant unmet medical needs in oncology, including patients with brain metastases and those with cancers refractory to available therapies.

23-Sep-2020 9:40 AM EDT
Handheld Device Could Someday Provide Fast, Objective Method to Diagnose Concussions in Youth Athletes
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Building upon years of research, a new study has demonstrated how a specific assessment of the eye could someday help properly diagnosis and monitor concussions.

Newswise: Can you paint your migraine?
Released: 24-Sep-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Can you paint your migraine?
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

“Can you draw me a picture of your headache?” may sound like an unusual question – but drawings of headache pain provide plastic surgeons with valuable information on which patients are more or less likely to benefit from surgery to alleviate migraine headaches.

Released: 24-Sep-2020 12:05 AM EDT
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Risk Varies in Patients with Different Types of Epilepsy
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

People with generalized epilepsy who have seizures arising from both sides of the brain simultaneously, have a higher risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to patients who have focal epilepsy where seizures emanate from one area of the brain, according to a Rutgers study.

Newswise: Insomnia, Sleeping Less Than Six Hours May Increase Risk of Cognitive Impairment
23-Sep-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Insomnia, Sleeping Less Than Six Hours May Increase Risk of Cognitive Impairment
Penn State College of Medicine

Middle-aged adults who report symptoms of insomnia and are sleeping less than six hours a night may be at increased risk of cognitive impairment, according to a study by Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Newswise: World first study links obesity with reduced brain plasticity
Released: 23-Sep-2020 10:05 PM EDT
World first study links obesity with reduced brain plasticity
University of South Australia

A world-first study has found that severely overweight people are less likely to be able to re-wire their brains and find new neural pathways, a discovery that has significant implications for people recovering from a stroke or brain injury.

Released: 23-Sep-2020 4:35 PM EDT
Institute for Autism Research at Canisius College finds innovative outpatient treatment (MAXout) highly effective for children with autism
Canisius College

Researchers at the Institute for Autism Research at Canisius College find innovative outpatient treatment (MAXout) highly effective for children with higher-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Children demonstrate significant improvements in social skills, ASD symptoms, social-cognitive skills, and problem behaviors.

17-Sep-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Study Discovers Multiple Unapproved Drugs in “Brain Boosting” Supplements
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Supplements that claim to improve mental focus and memory may contain unapproved pharmaceutical drugs and in potentially dangerous combinations and doses, according to a new study published in the September 23, 2020, online issue of Neurology® Clinical Practice, an official journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Researchers found five such drugs not approved in the United States in the supplements they examined. The supplements are sometimes called “nootropics,” “smart drugs” or “cognitive enhancers.”

Newswise: 243731_web.jpg
Released: 23-Sep-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Meditation for mind-control
Carnegie Mellon University

A BCI is an apparatus that allows an individual to control a machine or computer directly from their brain.

Released: 23-Sep-2020 10:40 AM EDT
145th Annual Meeting of ANA to feature Pre-event Social Justice Symposium
American Neurological Association (ANA)

ANA demonstrates commitment to diversity and inclusion in neurology and neuroscience by kicking-off the 145th Annual Meeting with Social Justice Symposium.

Newswise: Sanders-Brown Research Discovers New Pathway in TDP-43 Related Dementias
Released: 23-Sep-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Sanders-Brown Research Discovers New Pathway in TDP-43 Related Dementias
University of Kentucky

Recent work published by researchers at the University of Kentucky’s Sanders-Brown Center on Aging (SBCoA) highlights what the lead investigator calls the “cornerstone” of her lab.

Released: 22-Sep-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Parkinson's Disease Is Not One, but Two Diseases
Aarhus University

Although the name may suggest otherwise, Parkinson's disease is not one but two diseases, starting either in the brain or in the intestines. Which explains why patients with Parkinson's describe widely differing symptoms, and points towards personalised medicine as the way forward for people with Parkinson's disease.

Released: 22-Sep-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Complications from diabetes linked to worse memory, IQ in children
UC Davis Health

A study led by UC Davis Health researchers uncovered that even one severe episode of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes is linked to cognitive problems; and among children with a previous diagnosis, repeated DKA exposure predicted lower cognitive performance after accounting for glycemic control.

Newswise: UCLA-Easton Center names new director to lead Alzheimer’s research
Released: 22-Sep-2020 2:45 PM EDT
UCLA-Easton Center names new director to lead Alzheimer’s research
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Dr. Keith Vossel, who is known for his discovery that many Alzheimer’s patients experience nighttime seizures that disrupt their sleep, is the new director of the Mary S. Easton Center for Alzheimer’s Disease Research at UCLA.

16-Sep-2020 9:50 AM EDT
Small Increase in Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Seen for Pre- and Post-Term Births
PLOS

A study of more than 3.5 million Nordic children suggests that the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may increase slightly for each week a child is born before or after 40 weeks of gestation.


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