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Embargo will expire:
19-Dec-2018 5:00 PM EST
Released to reporters:
14-Dec-2018 1:05 PM EST

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Article ID: 705484

Hospitalizations for homeless individuals are on the rise

Brigham and Women’s Hospital

A homeless individual is one who lacks fixed and reliable housing, and it is estimated that 553,000 people fit that description on any given night in the United States. A new retrospective cohort study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center examines patterns, causes and outcomes of acute hospitalizations between 2007 and 2013 for homeless individuals and non-homeless control groups in three populous and diverse U.S. states: Florida, California and Massachusetts. Data suggest a rise in acute hospital use among homeless individuals for mental illness and substance use disorder. The results were published in the journal Medical Care on Dec. 11.

Released:
14-Dec-2018 11:25 AM EST

Article ID: 705457

Face Masks May Protect Hog Farm Workers and Their Household Members From Staph Bacteria

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Face masks appear to provide important protection against drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria for hog farm workers and for household members to whom they might otherwise transmit the bacteria, according to a study led by scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 3:30 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    13-Dec-2018 2:00 PM EST

Article ID: 704976

Control HIV by treating schistosomiasis, new study suggests

PLOS

Of the 34 million people worldwide with HIV, and the 200 million with schistosomiasis, the majority live in Africa— where millions of people are simultaneously infected with both diseases. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have shown that schistosomiasis infections are associated with increased HIV onward transmission, HIV acquisition in HIV negative women with urogenital schistosomiasis, and progression to death in HIV positive women.

Released:
5-Dec-2018 12:45 PM EST
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Article ID: 705426

Integrated Data Vital in Stopping Spread of TB

University of Manitoba

Manitoba has the highest provincial incident rate of active tuberculosis (TB) in Canada, and stopping its spread depends on, among other things, the availability of high-quality, comprehensive data to ensure early and complete treatment, according to a new study by the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP) at the University of Manitoba.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 1:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705422

Cancer patients face higher risk for shingles, new vaccines hold promise for prevention

Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)

People newly diagnosed with cancer, particularly blood cancers, and those treated with chemotherapy have a greater risk of developing shingles, according to a new study in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. The findings may help guide efforts to prevent the often painful skin condition in cancer patients through the use of new vaccines. The large prospective study expands on previous research by examining the risk of shingles before and after a new cancer diagnosis and across a range of cancer types among approximately 240,000 adults in Australia from 2006 to 2015.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 12:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705415

A Population Health Approach to Dramatically Reduce Heart Disease Risk

University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Doctors in North Carolina created a state-wide network and used existing electronic health records to determine that tens of thousands of people across the state were at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Primary care doctors used this analysis to engage patients to reduce their risk.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 12:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 705397

Quit Smoking on New Year’s

Monday Campaigns

New Year’s has become a time when many smokers make a resolution to quit for good, but what happens after that? Quitting smoking is tough, and even with the strongest resolve, many smokers need a few quit attempts in order to stay quit. To support quitters everywhere, Quit & Stay Quit Monday, an initiative of The Monday Campaigns and the Institute for Global Tobacco Control at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, developed the “Monday Quit Kit”. The toolkit provides evidence-based resources for individuals and tobacco cessation professionals that can help quitters stay on track over the long haul. After quitting on New Year’s, quitters can use every Monday as a weekly cue to recommit to their quit, celebrate progress, and quit again if they relapse.

Released:
13-Dec-2018 12:00 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 705351

Increased Motor Activity Linked to Improved Mood

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Increasing one’s level of physical activity may be an effective way to boost one’s mood, according to a new study from a team including scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in collaboration with the National Institute of Mental Health Intramural Research Program.

Released:
12-Dec-2018 2:05 PM EST

Article ID: 705342

Tube travel linked to the spread of flu-like illnesses

University of Bristol

Despite the commuter cold being a widely accepted concept, it has never been proven that public transport contributes to the spread of airborne infections. Now new research on the London underground commute has proven a link does exist.

Released:
12-Dec-2018 1:05 PM EST

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