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Article ID: 709685

AI and MRIs at birth can predict cognitive development at age 2, UNC study finds

University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine used MRI brain scans and machine learning techniques at birth to predict cognitive development at age 2 years with 95 percent accuracy.

Released:
15-Mar-2019 8:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 709662

The Sweet Spot: Scientists Discover Taste Center of Human Brain

Cornell University

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a new method of statistical analysis, researchers have discovered the taste center in the human brain by uncovering which parts of the brain distinguish different types of tastes.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 2:30 PM EDT
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Article ID: 709641

Simple Directions From Parents Can Guide Children’s Discovery

University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Whether it’s probing a child’s understanding of a topic through questions or engaging in hands-on activities alongside them, parents can guide their children to learn in new ways through simple directions, according to a study by psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 11:05 AM EDT

Education

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Article ID: 709604

Literature Review and Meta-Analysis Analyzes How DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria For Autism May Affect Diagnosis Rate

Columbia University Irving Medical Center

A five-year follow-up systematic review and meta-analysis of 33 studies—conducted to determine changes in the frequency of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis since the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5)—was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 7:30 AM EDT
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Article ID: 707912

Insulin Signaling Failures in the Brain Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Joslin Diabetes Center

Scientists continue to find evidence linking Type 2 diabetes with Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia and the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. However, little is understood about the mechanism by which the two are connected.Now, researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have demonstrated that impaired insulin signaling in the brain negatively affects cognition, mood and metabolism, all components of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Released:
13-Mar-2019 12:20 PM EDT
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Article ID: 709106

More Than a Single Answer: Problem Solving Skills and Qualities Students Need to Be Ready for the Jobs of the Future

Nord Anglia Education

Testing an accepted belief knowing it can be disproved at any time is the foundation of science and scientific discovery. The process relies on people being curious; exploring deeply by asking challenging, even probing questions in order to find answers.

Released:
12-Mar-2019 8:55 AM EDT

Education

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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Mar-2019 6:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 709306

For Infants, Distinguishing Between Friends and Strangers Is a Laughing Matter

New York University

Infants as young as five months can differentiate laughter between friends and that between strangers, finds a new study. The results suggest that the ability to detect the nature of social relationships is instilled early in human infancy, possibly the result of a detection system that uses vocal cues.

Released:
7-Mar-2019 3:15 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 708892

Brain Processes Concrete and Abstract Words Differently

American Physiological Society (APS)

A new review explores the different areas of the brain that process the meaning of concrete and abstract concepts. The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP).

Released:
28-Feb-2019 3:05 PM EST

Article ID: 708803

How Listening to Music 'Significantly Impairs' Creativity

Lancaster University

The popular view that music enhances creativity has been challenged by researchers who say it has the opposite effect.

Released:
27-Feb-2019 12:05 PM EST

Arts and Humanities

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  • Embargo expired:
    19-Feb-2019 5:00 PM EST

Article ID: 708272

Young Children May See Nationality as Biological, New Study Suggests

New York University

Young children see national identity, in part, as biological in nature, a perception that diminishes as they get older, finds a new study by psychology researchers. But despite changes in views of nationality as we age, the work suggests the intriguing possibility that the roots of nationalist sentiments are established early in life.

Released:
19-Feb-2019 8:05 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences


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