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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702401

Scientists Uncover How Rare Gene Mutation Affects Brain Development and Memory

University of California, Irvine

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, have found that a rare gene mutation alters brain development in mice, impairing memory and disrupting the communication between nerve cells. They also show memory problems could be improved by transplanting a specific type of nerve cell into the brain. The findings were published today in Neuron.

Released:
18-Oct-2018 9:10 AM EDT

Article ID: 702406

New Data Science Method Makes Charts Easier to Read at a Glance

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Researchers have developed a new method—“Pixel Approximate Entropy”—that measures the complexity of a data visualization and can be used to develop easier to read visualizations. “In fast-paced settings, it is important to know if the visualization is going to be so complex that the signals may be obscured. The ability to quantify complexity is the first step towards automatically doing something about this.”

Released:
18-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702344

New Terminology for Cognitive Change Associated with Anesthesia and Surgery in Older Adults

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

An international working group has proposed a new set of terms to better describe and define cognitive changes related to surgery and anesthesia in older adults. The new consensus document has been simultaneously published by Anesthesia & Analgesia and five other international specialty journals.

Released:
17-Oct-2018 11:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 702231

Us vs. Them: Understanding the Neurobiology of Stereotypes

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

In a review published in the journal Trends in Cognitive Science, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, MD, PhD, and colleagues describe how non-invasive brain stimulation – a technique he and others have pioneered to unlock the secrets of the brain – could shed light on the neurobiology underlying implicit bias.

Released:
15-Oct-2018 4:10 PM EDT

Article ID: 701967

Study to Explore How Cognitive Development Shapes Attitudes About Physical Activity

Iowa State University

Iowa State researchers want to know how the emotional connection we develop with physical activity as children influences behaviors throughout our lifetime. They suspect our prefrontal cortex, which regulates emotions, plays a significant role.

Released:
10-Oct-2018 10:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    10-Oct-2018 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 701918

Brain Circuits for Successful Emotional Development Established During Infancy

University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Researchers in the UNC Early Brain Development Study tracking the development of the brain’s emotion circuitry in infancy found that adult-like functional brain connections for emotional regulation emerge during the first year of life. And the growth of these brain circuits during the second year of life predicted the IQ and emotional control of the children at 4 years old, suggesting new avenues for early detection and intervention for children who are at risk for emotional problems.

Released:
9-Oct-2018 2:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 701544

Physical Therapy Is Highly Effective for Infants with Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a common postural deformity in infants, and one that can be effectively treated by physical therapy. A set of updated, evidence-based recommendations for physical therapy management of CMT is presented in the October issue of Pediatric Physical Therapy. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released:
3-Oct-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 701515

For Better Multiple-Choice Tests, Avoid Tricky Questions, Study Finds

Washington University in St. Louis

Although people often think about multiple-choice tests as tools for assessment, they can also be used to facilitate learning, suggests a news study from Washington University in St. Louis. Published in Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, the study offers straightforward tips for constructing multiple-choice questions that are effective at both assessing current knowledge and strengthening ongoing learning.

Released:
2-Oct-2018 4:55 PM EDT

Education

Article ID: 701492

New study shows reading is a team-lift as different brain parts work together to predict proficiency

University at Buffalo

The extent to which sensory-specific parts of the brain are able to connect as a network, not necessarily anatomically, but functionally, during a child’s development predicts their reading proficiency, according to a new neuroimaging study from the University at Buffalo.

Released:
2-Oct-2018 2:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences


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