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  • Embargo expired:
    21-Jun-2018 5:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 696408

‘Exam Roulette’ Could Quell Essay-induced Anxiety

American Physiological Society (APS)

For many students, essay tests are a source of dread and anxiety. But for professors, these tests provide an excellent way to assess a student’s depth of knowledge and critical-thinking skills. At the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis., Andrew Petzold, PhD, of the University of Minnesota Rochester Center for Learning Innovation, will discuss how a game of chance can lead to increased student preparation and motivation.

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20-Jun-2018 3:00 PM EDT
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Education

  • Embargo expired:
    20-Jun-2018 5:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 696318

A Mix of In-Person and Online Learning May Boost Student Performance, Reduce Anxiety

American Physiological Society (APS)

Before online learning existed, the traditional lecture format was the only option for college courses. Students who skipped class risked missing out on valuable information presented in-person. Researchers from the University of Iowa found that online content presentation accompanied by weekly interactive class meetings—a “blended” course format—may improve academic achievement in students at risk for failing. In addition, fewer students withdrew from the class when the content was presented in a blended format. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

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19-Jun-2018 3:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    20-Jun-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696317

Forgetting May Help Improve Memory and Learning

American Physiological Society (APS)

Forgetting names, skills or information learned in class is often thought of as purely negative. However unintuitive it may seem, research suggests that forgetting plays a positive role in learning: It can actually increase long-term retention, information retrieval and performance. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

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19-Jun-2018 3:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 696296

Success of Blood Test for Autism Affirmed

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

One year after researchers published their work on a physiological test for autism, a follow-up study confirms its exceptional success in assessing whether a child is on the autism spectrum.

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19-Jun-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 696243

CHOP’s Center for Autism Research Shows How the Brain’s “Reward Circuit” Plays a Key Role in Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A pair of recent studies performed by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania represents a significant step forward in understanding the role of the brain’s “reward circuit” and certain hallmarks of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), namely difficulty interpreting or engaging in typical social behavior and restricted or repetitive interests or behaviors.

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18-Jun-2018 1:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Jun-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696081

Scientists Learn More about How Gene Linked to Autism Affects Brain

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

New preclinical research shows a gene already linked to a subset of people with autism spectrum disorder is critical to healthy neuronal connections in the developing brain, and its loss can harm those connections to help fuel the complex developmental condition. Scientists report in Developmental Cell their data clarify the biological role of the gene CHD8 and its protein CHD8 in developing oligodendrocytes, cells that form a protective insulation around nerves.

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13-Jun-2018 2:45 PM EDT
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Article ID: 696144

'Teachers are brain engineers': UW study shows how intensive instruction changes brain circuitry in struggling readers

University of Washington

Using MRI measurements of the brain's neural connections, or “white matter,” UW researchers have shown that, in struggling readers, the neural circuitry strengthened — and their reading performance improved — after just eight weeks of a specialized tutoring program. The study, published June 8 in Nature Communications, is the first to measure white matter during an intensive educational intervention and link children's learning with their brains' flexibility.

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14-Jun-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    7-Jun-2018 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 695663

Active HIV in Large White Blood Cells May Drive Cognitive Impairment in Infected Mice

Mount Sinai Health System

An experimental model of HIV infection in mice, developed by Mount Sinai researchers, has shown that HIV causes learning and memory dysfunction, a cognitive disease that is now observed in about half of HIV infected people that worsens with age, and is currently incurable.

Released:
6-Jun-2018 9:30 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    7-Jun-2018 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 695584

Waves Move Across the Human Brain to Support Memory

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Columbia Engineers have discovered a new fundamental feature of brain oscillations: they actually move rhythmically across the brain, reflecting patterns of neuronal activity that propagate across the cortex. The researchers also found that the traveling waves moved more reliably when subjects performed well while performing a working memory task, indicating traveling waves are important for memory and cognition: the waves play a significant role in supporting brain connectivity.

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4-Jun-2018 5:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 695722

Poor Sleep Efficiency Linked to Lower Cognitive Functioning in People with Diabetes and Prediabetes

University of Illinois at Chicago

A study published in the journal Acta Diabetologica reports that people with diabetes and prediabetes who have lower sleep efficiency – a measure of how much time in bed is actually spent sleeping – have poorer cognitive function than those with better sleep efficiency.“The cognitive effects of poor sleep quality are worse for this population, which we know is already at risk for developing cognitive impairment as a result of having diabetes,” said Dr.

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6-Jun-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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