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Cognition and Learning

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Medicine

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Autism, Theater Arts

Can Using Theatrical Techniques Improve Social Skills of Autistic Youths?

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A new study examines the benefit of combining theatrical techniques with behavioral treatment approaches for autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Psychology, Infant Development, Language, Research

Babies’ Babbling Betters Brains, Language

Babies are adept at getting what they need – including an education. New research shows that babies organize mothers’ verbal responses, which promotes more effective language instruction, and infant babbling is the key.

Medicine

Channels:

Psychology, Memory, Psychiatry, Hippocampus, Episodic Memory, Neuroscience, Neurobiology

How Your Brain Remembers What You Had for Dinner Last Night

Confirming earlier computational models, researchers at University of California San Diego and UC San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Arizona and Louisiana, report that episodic memories are encoded in the hippocampus of the human brain by distinct, sparse sets of neurons.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

Social Science, Child Development

A ‘Touching Sight’: How Babies’ Brains Process Touch Builds Foundations for Learning

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A new study from the University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) provides one of the first looks inside the infant’s brain to show where the sense of touch is processed — not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult’s hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.

Medicine

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Cochlear Implants, Deaf Children, Machine Learning, Language acquisition, MRI scan

Brain Imaging Predicts Language Learning in Deaf Children

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In a new international collaborative study between The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago, researchers created a machine learning algorithm that uses brain scans to predict language ability in deaf children after they receive a cochlear implant. This study’s novel use of artificial intelligence to understand brain structure underlying language development has broad reaching implications for children with developmental challenges. It was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

Science

Channels:

Long-term Memory, Cognition, arc, Viruses, Brain Plasticity, Retroviruses, Retrotransposons

Surprise: A Virus-Like Protein is Important for Cognition and Memory

A protein involved in cognition and storing long-term memories looks and acts like a protein from viruses. The protein, called Arc, has properties similar to those that viruses use for infecting host cells, and originated from a chance evolutionary event that occurred hundreds of millions of years ago.

Science

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Northwestern University, Ecology, Native Americans, Children, Research

Researchers Offer New Evidence on 4-Year-Old Children’s Knowledge About Ecology

New research reveals ecological knowledge in 4-year-old children from urban Native American, rural Native American and urban non-Native American communities.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

perfect, generations, irrational

Perfectionism Among Young People Significantly Increased Since 1980s, Study Finds

WASHINGTON -- The drive to be perfect in body, mind and career among today’s college students has significantly increased compared with prior generations, which may be taking a toll on young people’s mental health, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Channels:

eggs, Nutrition, Health, Child Nutrition

Eggs Improve Biomarkers Related to Infant Brain Development

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Feeding eggs to infants could provide them with key nutrients for better brains. A study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis finds infants who were in introduced to eggs beginning at 6 months showed significantly higher blood concentrations of choline, other biomarkers in choline pathways, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

Medicine

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Brain Lesions, Crime, acquired sociopathy

Brain Lesions and Criminal Behavior Linked to Moral Decision-Making Network

When brain lesions occur within the brain network responsible for morality and value-based decision-making, they can predispose a person toward criminal behavior, according to new research by Ryan Darby, MD, assistant professor of Neurology at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC).







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