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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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police brutality, Crime, Black Lives Matter, Police, Race, African Americans, Law Enforcement, police misconduct, Matthew Desmond, crime reporting

Police Violence Against Unarmed Black Men Results in Loss of Thousands of Crime-Related 911 Calls

A new study shows that publicized cases of police violence against unarmed black men have a clear and significant negative impact on citizen crime reporting, specifically 911 calls.

Medicine

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Hypertension in children, High blood pressure in children, cognitive issues, Cognitive Skills, The Journal of Pediatrics

Childhood Hypertension Associated with Cognitive Issues

Hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, has increased significantly in children, paralleling the current childhood obesity epidemic. Although we know that adult hypertension can affect the brain, little research has been done on the cognitive effects of childhood hypertension. In a new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers found that hypertension is associated with cognitive issues in children and adolescents.

Science

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Water Quality, Streams, Pollution, Water Pollution, Northern Ireland, cow, Runoff, Environment, Manure

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-Oct-2016 9:00 AM EDT

Medicine

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zika, Infectious Disease

Case Study Reports Details of Mysterious Utah Zika-Related Death

Researchers at the University of Utah School of Medicine and ARUP Laboratories in Salt Lake City unravel the mystery behind a rare Zika-related death in an adult, and unconventional transmission to a second patient in a correspondence published online on September 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine. Details point to an unusually high concentration of virus in the first patient’s blood as being responsible for his death. The phenomenon may also explain how the second patient may have contracted the virus by touching tears or sweat from the primary patient, the first such documented case.

Medicine

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c-section, C-sections, Antibiotic, Azithromycin, Women's Health, Clinical Trial, clinical trial outcomes, practice change, Obstetrics

Administering Additional Antibiotic Prior to C-Section Reduces Infection Rates by 50 Percent

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The change of practice in C-section delivery improves the health of mom and baby.

Medicine

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Asthma, Children, inner-city, Treatment, Child, Treatment Response

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 5-Oct-2016 9:00 AM EDT

Medicine

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Air Pollution, Fine Particulate Matter, Nitrogen Dioxide, Air Pollutants, Indoor Air Pollution, Indoor Air Quality, Health Outcomes, Respiratory, Pulmonary, Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Sep-2016 12:15 AM EDT

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Children, time spent with children, Parents

Today’s Parents Spend More Time with Their Kids Than Moms and Dads Did 50 Years Ago

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Guilt-ridden busy moms and dads take heart: Mothers – and fathers – across most Western countries are spending more time with their children than parents did in the mid-’60s, according to a University of California, Irvine study. And time spent with kids is highest among better-educated parents – a finding that somewhat surprised study co-author Judith Treas, UCI Chancellor’s Professor of sociology.

Science

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Megacities, Megacity, Bangladesh, Bangladeshi, Groundwater, groundwater contaminants, groundwater depletion, Water, Water Resources, Geology

Water Crisis in Bangladesh

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Study: Overpumping of groundwater to supply one of the planet’s largest cities could be jeopardizing the future water supply for citizens living outside the city center.

Science

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Hearing, Vision, Reproduction, Brain Activitiy, Biology, Insects, Pharmacology, laboratory technology

Penetrable Armor

Insects are tough animals to study. One reason is their armor-like coating, called an exoskeleton, which protects their organs. Researchers have discovered a technique to open the exoskeleton in order to study living organs and cells. Results published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology.

Medicine

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Alcohol, Antidepressant

Alcohol Shown to Act in Same Way as Rapid Antidepressants

Can having a few drinks help people with clinical depression feel better? Yes. At least in terms of biochemistry.

Medicine

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Endocrine Society, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , Brigham And Women's Hospital, Menopausal Symptoms, Menopause, Hot Flash, Hot Flashes, Depression, Mental Health, Sleep, Women's Health

Nighttime Hot Flashes May Spark Mild Depression

A woman’s perception that she is experiencing a high number of nighttime hot flashes can trigger mild symptoms of depression during menopause, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Science

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Cosmology Safe as Universe Has No Sense of Direction

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The universe is expanding uniformly according to research led by UCL which reports that space isn’t stretching in a preferred direction or spinning.

Medicine

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Occupational Therapy, Dementia, Caregiver, Family-centered care

In the Eye of the Beholder: First-of-Its-Kind Tool Measures Caregiver’s Perception of Capabilities of Person with Dementia

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Comprehensive occupational therapy care requires a family-centered approach including treatment for the person with dementia and education for the caregiver. Clinical assessments exist to evaluate the capabilities of a person with dementia, but until now, occupational therapists did not have a validated instrument to gain understanding of the caregiver’s perceptions of the person with dementia’s abilities. Occupational therapist researchers at the Jefferson College of Health Professions at Thomas Jefferson University developed a first-of-its-kind tool to close this gap and published their findings in OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health.

Science

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Rat, Rodent

Wireless, Freely Behaving Rodent Cage Helps Scientists Collect More Reliable Data

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The EnerCage (Energized Cage) system is created for scientific experiments on awake, freely behaving small animals. It wirelessly powers electronic devices and sensors traditionally used during rodent research experiments, but without the use of interconnect wires or bulky batteries. Their goal is to create as natural an environment within the cage as possible for mice and rats in order for scientists to obtain consistent and reliable results.

Science

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fracking, fracking wastewater, Brine, soil, North Dakota, salt, Environment

Solution Blooming for Fracking Spills?

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Wastewater from oil drilling and hydraulic fracturing – or fracking – is often laden with salts and can spill, contaminating soils. In a recent study, researchers at North Dakota State University tested a method that extracted a large percentage of the salt present in soils contaminated by brine spills.

Medicine

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epigenetic age, molecular changes, DNA, Life Expectancy, Aging, biological aging marker, Lifespan, Internal Clock

Epigenetic Clock Predicts Life Expectancy

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Why do some people lead a perfectly healthy lifestyle yet still die young? A new international study suggests that the answer lies in our DNA.

Medicine

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Hot Flash, Menopause, Acupuncture

Acupuncture Reduces Hot Flashes for Half of Women, Study Finds

Hot flashes – the bane of existence for many women during menopause – can be reduced in frequency by almost half for about 50 percent of women over eight weeks of acupuncture treatment, according to scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Medicine

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Genetics, Genetic Defect, Mutation

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Sep-2016 12:00 PM EDT

Medicine

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HPV, Human Papilloma Virus, Human Papilloma Virus (Hpv), human papilloma virus vaccine, Incidence Rates

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Sep-2016 11:00 AM EDT







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