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Increasing Daily Coffee Consumption May Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Boston—People who increased the amount of coffee they drank each day by more than one cup over a four-year period had a 11% lower risk for type 2 diabetes than those who made no changes to their coffee consumption, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers. The study also found those who decreased their coffee consumption by more than a cup per day increased their type 2 diabetes risk by 17%.

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Many Patients Who Could Benefit From Home Dialysis Are Receiving Care in Dialysis Centers

• In Australia, kidney failure patients from the most advantaged areas were less likely to use home dialysis and more likely to use in-center hemodialysis than patients from the most disadvantaged areas. • Patients from the most advantaged areas were more likely to use private hospitals than those from the most disadvantaged areas.

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Higher Muscle Mass Linked with Better Physical Function and Quality of Life in Dialysis Patients

• Dialysis patients with higher BMI, waist circumference, and abdominal fat measures had poorer scores on a 6-minute walking test. • Patients with more muscle mass had better scores on the walking test as well as better scores on physical and mental health questionnaires

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American Pain Society Publishes New Clinical Practice Guideline on Methadone Safety

Improved physician education and patient counseling about methadone safety and ECG monitoring to identify patients at high risk for cardiac problems will lead to safer use of the medication, according to the American Pain Society’s Clinical Practice Guideline on Methadone Safety, published this week in The Journal of Pain.

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4/28/2014 11:00 AM EDT

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Mount Sinai Researchers Identify Genetic Alterations in Shared Biological Pathways as Major Risk Factor for Autism Spectrum Disorder

A substantial proportion of risk for developing autism spectrum disorders (ASD), resides in genes that are part of specific, interconnected biological pathways, according to researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, who conducted a broad study of almost 2,500 families in the United States and throughout the world.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4/28/2014 12:00 AM EDT

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You May Have Billions and Billions of Good Reasons for Being Unfit

Although our chromosomes are relatively stable within our lifetimes, the genetic material found in our mitochondria is highly variable across individuals and may impact upon human health, say researchers at the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine Hospital.

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Researchers Build New “Off Switch” to Shut Down Neural Activity

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) scientists have used an analysis of channelrhodopsin’s molecular structure to guide a series of genetic mutations to the ion channel that grant the power to silence neurons with an unprecedented level of control.

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Study Finds Accelerated Soil Carbon Loss, Increasing the Rate of Climate Change

Research published in Science found that increased levels of CO2 in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more carbon dioxide, accelerating climate change.Two Northern Arizona University researchers led the study, which challenges previous understanding about how carbon accumulates in soil.

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