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New Open Access Journal Itch Launched by Wolters Kluwer

Wolters Kluwer, a leading global provider of information and point of care solutions for the healthcare industry, in partnership with the International Forum for the Study of Itch (IFSI), is pleased to announce a new peer-reviewed, open access journal, Itch. The journal publishes original scientific papers that contribute to our understanding of the basic mechanisms and clinical aspects of itch (pruritus).

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Penn Study Shows Female Smokers More Likely to Kick the Habit by ‘Timing’ Their Quit Date with Their Menstrual Cycle

Women who want to quit smoking may have better success by carefully timing their quit date with optimal days within their menstrual cycle, according to a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The results, published online this month in Biology of Sex Differences, were also presented at the annual meeting of the Organization for the Study of Sex Differences (OSSD), held at Penn.

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U.S. May Be Greatly Undercounting Pediatric Concussions

Researchers suggest that the number of child and youth concussions may be vastly underestimated in the U.S. A single-center study in a large pediatric network found that four out of five children diagnosed with concussion were seen at primary care practices, not in an emergency department (ED). However, most national counts of pediatric concussion rely solely on ED visits or school athletics data.

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Studying Life on the Rocks

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Researchers have developed an apparatus to meet the growing need for measuring ice as it changes in response to external forces, a process ice scientists call “deformational behaviors.’’ These forces occur on Earth in glacial ice as it flows due to gravity, and in space as icy satellite bodies respond to tidal forces from their parent bodies. Their report on their device -- called a cryogenic deformation apparatus -- appears in Review of Scientific Instruments.

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Calculating the Mechanics of a Rough Sphere

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A transatlantic team of researchers explain the creation of a simulation model that can help scientists mathematically correct for any errors related to a sphere's roughness this week in Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing.

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Mapping Neural Networks to Strengthen Circadian Rhythms

While the evidence behind this age-related weakening of the circadian rhythm has been established in medical literature, the mechanisms behind it, and the connectivity structure of the neurons, have remained elusive. To better understand these neuronal and hormonal mechanisms and help develop potential treatments, researchers have conducted experimental analyses of the SCN’s connections, with the goal of determining its degree of heterogeneity. They discuss their work in this week’s CHAOS.

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International Journal of Surgery Oncology Selects Wolters Kluwer as Its New Publisher

Wolters Kluwer, a leading global provider of information and point of care solutions for the healthcare industry, is pleased to announce that it was selected by the IJS Publishing Group to publish its open access journal, the International Journal of Surgery Oncology (IJS Oncology).

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-Jun-2016 5:00 AM EDT

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New Class of Protein Could Treat Cancer and Other Diseases, Study Finds

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A protein designed by researchers at Georgia State University can effectively target a cell surface receptor linked to a number of diseases, showing potential as a therapeutic treatment for an array of illnesses, including cancer, according to the research team.

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Through a Glass, Warmly: Argonne Nanomaterials Can Help Make Windows More Efficient

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A team of researchers at Argonne National Laboratory is using nanomaterials to get closer to one of the holy grails of building efficiency technologies: single pane windows with efficiency as good or better than multi-pane low emissions (Low-E) windows. The team recently received a $3.1 million award from DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) to develop a technology that could help achieve that goal.

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U.S. Army Camera Captures Explosives in Fine Detail

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While it's possible to study explosives, sans explosives, new techniques involving high-speed, high-fidelity imaging with optical filtering and signal processing techniques have recently made setting off explosives and capturing the data in real-time a reasonable alternative to developing a new simulation. Researchers report their findings this week in the journal Review of Scientific Instruments.

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Researchers Find What Could Be Brain’s Trigger for Binge Behavior

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Rats that responded to cues for sugar with the speed and excitement of binge-eaters were less motivated for the treat when certain neurons were suppressed, researchers discovered.

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How the Brain Makes – and Breaks – a Habit

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Not all habits are bad. Some are even necessary. But inability to switch from acting habitually to acting in a deliberate way can underlie addiction and obsessive compulsive disorders. Working with a mouse model, an international team of researchers demonstrates what happens in the brain for habits to control behavior.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 2-Jun-2016 12:00 PM EDT

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Comparison of Couples’ Therapy Interventions for Breast Cancer Patients Shows Different Benefits Depending on Stress Level

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Is a couples’ support group or an enhanced couples’ group therapy intervention with skill instruction more effective for helping women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer? Research from a Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey investigator and others shows each has its own benefits depending on the patient’s stress level.

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Ecologists Advise an Increase in Prescribed Grassland Burning to Maintain Ecosystem, Livelihood

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At least 50 percent of the tallgrass prairie in the Flint Hills is burned every three to four years or less frequently and is susceptible to becoming shrubland if fire frequencies are not increased.

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Researchers Create First 3-D Mathematical Model of Uterine Contractions

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Although researchers have been seeking the origins of preterm birth for many years, the causes are still relatively unknown. By studying the electrical activity that causes contractions, researchers at Washington University in St. Louis and their collaborators have developed a multiscale model they believe may aid in predicting preterm birth.

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Implanted Neuroprosthesis Improves Walking Ability in Stroke Patient

A surgically implanted neuroprosthesis—programmed to stimulate coordinated activity of hip, knee, and ankle muscles—has led to substantial improvement in walking speed and distance in a patient with limited mobility after a stroke, according to a single-patient study in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Study Investigates Why Blacks Have Higher Risk of Cognitive Impairment

Social and economic disadvantages play a significant role in why blacks face a much higher risk than whites of developing cognitive impairment later in life, indicates a national study led by a Michigan State University (MSU) sociologist.

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To Strengthen an Opinion, Simply Say It Is Based on Morality

Simply telling people that their opinions are based on morality will make them stronger and more resistant to counterarguments, a new study suggests.