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Blocking Key Enzyme Halts Parkinson's Disease Symptoms in Mice

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Researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have gleaned two important new clues in the fight against Parkinson’s disease: that blocking an enzyme called c-Abl prevents the disease in specially bred mice, and that a chemical tag on a second protein may signal the disorder’s presence and progression.

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Researchers Find a Likely Cause of Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumors

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Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have found that a likely cause of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors is deficiency in nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD), a system cells use to control which genes are activated.

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IU Study Finds Testicular Cancer Survivors May Have Hearing Loss After Cisplatin Therapy

Many testicular cancer survivors experience hearing loss after cisplatin-based chemotherapy, according to researchers at Indiana University.

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Scientists Measure How Baby Bump Changes the Way Women Walk

Movie sets are normally the home of three-dimensional motion caption systems, but researchers used the same video recording system in a lab to measure the way pregnant women walk. This is the first research study to use 3D motion capture to create a biomechanical model of pregnant women. The results verify the existence of the "pregnancy waddle" and should enable future studies on how to make everyday tasks safer and more comfortable for pregnant women.

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Researchers Develop Method to Map Cancer Progression

A team of scientists has developed a computational method to map cancer progression, an advance that offers new insights into the factors that spur this affliction as well as new ways of selecting effective therapies.

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Wind-Blown Antarctic Sea Ice Helps Drive Ocean Circulation

Antarctic sea ice is constantly on the move as powerful winds blow it away from the coast and out toward the open ocean. A new study shows how that ice migration may be more important for the global ocean circulation than anyone realized.

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Researchers Discover the 2009 Swine Flu Pandemic Originated in Mexico

The 2009 swine H1N1 flu pandemic — responsible for more than 17,000 deaths worldwide — originated in pigs from a very small region in central Mexico, a research team headed by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is reporting.

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Study Determines Needs of LGBTQ Youth in Rural Areas

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Adolescence and teenage years can be a tough time for many kids. For gender and sexual minority youths, it can be even more challenging. And for gender and sexual minority youths living in rural areas without the resources and support for LGBTQ youths in urban areas, there are still more challenges. A University of Kansas professor has authored a study into the unique challenges gender and sexual minority youths living in rural areas face and how social workers, communities and educators can help guide them.

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Building a Smart Cardiac Patch

Scientists and doctors in recent decades have made vast leaps in the treatment of cardiac problems - particularly with the development in recent years of so-called "cardiac patches," swaths of engineered heart tissue that can replace heart muscle damaged during a heart attack.

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Text Messaging with Smartphones Triggers a New Type of Brain Rhythm

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Oxford, June 27, 2016 - Sending text messages on a smartphone can change the rhythm of brain waves, according to a new study published in Epilepsy & Behavior.

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Stress Contagion Possible Amongst Students and Teachers: UBC Study

Teacher burnout and student stress may be linked, according to a University of British Columbia study.

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Teaching an Old Drug New Tricks to Fight Cytomegalovirus

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that an old drug once mostly used to treat amebiasis — a disease caused by a parasite — and induce vomiting in cases of poisoning appears to also halt replication of cytomegalovirus (CMV), a herpesvirus that can cause serious disease in immunocompromised individuals, including those with HIV or organ transplant recipients.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Jun-2016 1:00 PM EDT

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 2:00 PM EDT

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Jun-2016 2:00 PM EDT

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Gene Hunters Find Rare Inherited Mutations Linked to Bipolar Disorder

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Using so-called next-generation genome sequencing, researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified 84 potential inherited gene mutations that may contribute to the most severe forms of bipolar disorder. About 5.6 million Americans are estimated to have bipolar disorder.

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Glorious, Glowing Jupiter Awaits Juno's Arrival

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Stunning new images and the highest-resolution maps to date of Jupiter at thermal infrared wavelengths give a glowing view of Juno's target, a week ahead of the NASA mission's arrival at the giant planet. The maps reveal the present-day temperatures, composition and cloud coverage within Jupiter's dynamic atmosphere, and show how giant storms, vortices and wave patterns shape the appearance of the giant planet. The observations will be presented on Monday 27 June at the National Astronomy Meeting in Nottingham by Dr Leigh Fletcher of the University of Leicester.

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When Reality Bites: Procedures Meet Practice in Community Pharmacies

High workload, rigid rules, and conflicting pressures from their employers are all leading to community pharmacy staff deviating from standard procedures at times to ensure patients receive the tailored care they require, a new study from The University of Manchester has found.

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A New Tool for Forecasting the Behavior of the Microbiome

A team of investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the University of Massachusetts have developed a suite of computer algorithms that can accurately predict the behavior of the microbiome - the vast collection of microbes living on and inside the human body. In a paper published in Genome Biology, the authors show how their algorithms can be applied to develop new treatments for serious diarrheal infections, including Clostridium difficile, and inflammatory bowel disease. The team also shows how to identify bacteria most crucial for a healthy and stable microbial community, which could inform the development of probiotics and other therapies.

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Metabolic Flexibility and Immune Defenses May Influence Species Spread

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Wide-ranging species may have different levels of bacterial immunity than their rarer relatives, new research suggests.