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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Brazil, Crack Cocaine, toxic stress, Brain Development In Children, Trauma, fMRI, Human Development, Drug Abuse, Domestic Abuse, Gang Violence, Child Protective Services

Texas Tech, Brazilian Researchers Examine Effects of Toxic Stress on Children’s Brain Development

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The study uses fMRI data to compare brain development between children who experience pervasive, continuing trauma and those with “normal” development.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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ISIS, ISIL, violent extremism, countering violent extremism

GW Extremism Tracker: US Officials Charged 111 People with ISIS-Related Offenses Since March 2014

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The number of ISIS-related charges issued in the United States since March 2014 increased from 109 to 111, according to updated research from the George Washington University’s Program on Extremism.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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female radicalization, ISIS, ISIS recruitment, violent extremism, Extremism, ISIL, terrorist organizations, women in terrorism

Study Finds Female American Jihadists Share Many of the Same Roles as Their Male Counterparts

A first-of-its-kind study examining the roles of American jihadi women found a steep increase in women’s participation in terrorist activity in the last five years.

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Ohio State attacks, ISIL, Terrorism, mass violence, assault weapons, Muslims

‘Low-Tech Terror’: Researcher Says Attack with Car and Butcher Knife at Ohio State Shows Evolving Forms of Terrorism

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Violence, Violence Against Children , South Africa, Save the Children South Africa, Emotional Abuse, Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Economy

Violence Against Children Costs South Africa $16.85 Billion Annually, Researchers Say

Violence against children in South Africa cost the nation R238.58 billion (equivalent to $16.85 billion in U.S. dollars) in 2015, Save the Children South Africa revealed at a press conference today (Nov. 23).

Medicine

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Duke University Medical Center, Duke Health, Yale University, University of Connecticut, mental health and guns, mental health and suicide, Gun Control, Gun Law, Gun Policy, gun control policy, Domestic Abuse, Self Harm, suicidality, Suicide Attempts, Extreme Risk Protective Order, Background Checks

One State’s Temporary Gun Removal Law Shows Promise in Preventing Suicides

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A Connecticut law enacted in 1999 to allow police to temporarily remove guns from potentially violent or suicidal people likely prevented dozens of suicides, according to a study by researchers at Duke and Yale universities and the University of Connecticut.

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Rhode Island Law Loophole Allows Domestic Abusers to Keep Firearms, Despite Risks

Courts in Rhode Island rarely require abusers to turn in their firearms, even when orders prohibit them from possessing firearms under federal law and there is evidence they pose a lethal risk to victims, according to research presented at the American Public Health Association’s 2016 Annual Meeting and Expo in Denver.

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Gunshot, gunshot wounds, Violence, traumatic brain injuries, TBI, GSW, Trauma, Trauma Care

Researchers Develop System to Classify Gunshot Wounds to the Head and Other Similar Injuries

– Every year, more than 32,000 Americans die from gunshot wounds. A significant proportion of these deaths involve head wounds. Despite this massive public health burden, researchers know little about the variables that determine whether a victim of these injuries will live or die. Now, for the first time ever, researchers have developed a system to help answer this question. The system has created a way to better understand the variables involved in survival from these wounds.

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Gun Violence, Mental Health, behaviorial health , gun violence prevention, coping natural disasters

Better Coordination of Mental Health Services Needed Nationwide-- Joseph Merlino, MD, NY Academy of Medicine.

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Life

Law and Public Policy

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campus carry, Guns on campus, mass shootings

Allowing Guns on College Campuses Unlikely to Reduce Mass Shootings

Policies allowing civilians to bring guns on college campuses are unlikely to reduce mass shootings on campus and are likely to lead to more shootings, homicides and suicides on campus, especially among students, a new report concludes.

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Researchers Identify Link Between Domestic Violence and Traumatic Brain Injury

Physicians and researchers at Barrow Neurological Institute have identified a link between domestic violence and traumatic brain injury.

Science

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Health, Health & Medicine, epidemiolgy, Biostatistics, Urban Planning

Adding Windows to Vacant Houses and Clearing Vacant Lots Reduces Gun Violence, Saves Money

Each dollar spent repairing abandoned buildings and vacant lots reduces neighborhood gun violence by as much as 39 percent and yields, respectively, a $5 and $26 return on investment (ROI) to taxpayers, and a $79 and $333 ROI to society at large through steps like installing working windows and doors in abandoned buildings, as well as removing trash and debris, and planting grass and trees.

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Law Enforcement Officer Deaths, Lethal Force by Law Enforcement Officers, violence against police, Violence by police, Violence related deaths, Suicides, Homicides, national violent death reporting system, American Journal of Preventive Medicine

New Data From National Violent Death Reporting System Shed Light on Law Enforcement Officer Deaths, Their Use of Lethal Force

Violence-related deaths, including homicides and suicides, are an urgent public health problem, according to Alex E. Crosby, MD, MPH, James A. Mercy, PhD, and Debra Houry, MD, MPH, from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA. Their commentary and contributions by other noted experts in the supplement to the November American Journal of Preventive Medicine provide valuable insights into new data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), which can help inform current debates about violence, prevention, and public policy.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Youth Violence, CDC, National Center of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention

West Louisville Youth Working to Change the Downward Spiral of Violence in the City

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Louisville youth are helping to change perceptions about violence, and ultimately destructive behaviors through their work with UofL's National Center of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention.

Medicine

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suicidal ideations , gun suicide, voluntary restriction, Depression

Study Supports Do Not Sell Voluntary Waiting Period for Gun Sales to Reduce Suicide

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A new study suggests many patients at risk for suicide would voluntarily place their name on a Do Not Sell list, prohibiting gun shops from immediately selling them a firearm.

Life

Pop Culture

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Texas Tech University, Clown, Threats, Terrorism, fear

Expert: Clown Threats Create Fear, But They’re Not Terrorism

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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police brutality, Crime, Black Lives Matter, Police, Race, African Americans, Law Enforcement, police misconduct, Matthew Desmond, crime reporting

Police Violence Against Unarmed Black Men Results in Loss of Thousands of Crime-Related 911 Calls

A new study shows that publicized cases of police violence against unarmed black men have a clear and significant negative impact on citizen crime reporting, specifically 911 calls.

Medicine

Science

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Homicide, Alcohol, alcohol-involved homicide, male gender, Domestic Abuse, minority status, Alcohol Policies, Victims

Alcohol-Involved Homicide Victimization: Common, Linked to Male Gender, Minority Status, and History of Domestic Abuse

While the association between alcohol and homicide may seem obvious, there has been no recent study of alcohol involvement in homicide victimization in U.S. states. This study drills down into the subject, looking at how often alcohol was involved in homicide victimization, and what socio-demographic and other factors may be predictors.

Medicine

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University of Chicago Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, University of Chicago Medical , Bradley Stolbach, John Cunningham, Healing Hurt People - Chicago, Emergency Department, Pediatrics, Violence, Trauma, Chicago, Mental Health, SAMHSA, trauma exposure, PTSD, Community Violence

Comer Children’s Wins $2M Federal Grant to Help Kids Affected by Violence

The University of Chicago Medicine Comer Children’s Hospital will provide screening and mental health care for hundreds of children and families that have been affected by violence in many of Chicago’s South and West side neighborhoods.

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Violence Against Police Officers Can Trigger Increased Discrimination in Police Stops

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A new Yale study has found that incidents of extreme violence against police officers can lead to periods of substantially increased racial disparities in the use of force by police.







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