Curated News: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)

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Released: 16-Mar-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Researchers sniff out AI breakthroughs in mammal brains
Cornell University

New Cornell research explains some of these functions through a computer algorithm inspired by the mammalian olfactory system. The algorithm both sheds light on how the brain works and, applied to a computer chip, rapidly and reliably learns patterns better than existing machine learning models.

Released: 17-Dec-2019 2:15 PM EST
In Some Children with Autism, “Social” and “Visual” Neural Circuits Don’t Quite Connect
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers combined eye gaze research with brain scans to discover that in a common subtype of autism, in which ASD toddlers prefer images of geometric shapes over those of children playing, brain areas responsible for vision and attention are not controlled by social brain networks, and so social stimuli are ignored.

Newswise: Sentinels in the Mouth: Special Sensory Cells in the Gums Protect Against Periodontitis
2-Oct-2019 10:05 AM EDT
Sentinels in the Mouth: Special Sensory Cells in the Gums Protect Against Periodontitis
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Newly discovered chemical-sensing cells in the gums protect the mouth by standing guard against infections that damage soft tissue and destroy the bone that supports the teeth. With the help of bitter taste receptors that also detect byproducts from harmful bacteria, these special gum cells trigger the immune system to control the amount and type of bacteria in the mouth and could one day lead to personalized dental treatments against gum disease.


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