Curated News: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

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Released: 4-Aug-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Scaling the Model of Care for Patients with Opioid Use Disorder
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Data show that concurrent with the opioid overdose crisis, there has been an increase in hospitalizations of people with opioid use disorder (OUD). One in ten of these hospitalized medical or surgical patients have comorbid opioid-related diagnoses.

Released: 30-Jul-2021 4:45 PM EDT
Medication Approved for Diabetes Being Tested for Treatment of Cocaine Use Disorder
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

With overdose rates involving cocaine soaring nearly 27% in 2020, researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) hope that a clinical trial combining a medication approved for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help prevent relapse in cocaine use disorder patients.

Released: 26-Jul-2021 10:45 AM EDT
Emergency Department Visits Related to Opioid Overdoses Up Significantly During COVID-19 Pandemic
Mayo Clinic

Emergency department visit rates because of an opioid overdose increased by 28.5% across the U.S. in 2020, compared to 2018 and 2019, recent Mayo Clinic research finds. Emergency visits overall decreased by 14% last year, while visits because of an opioid overdose increased by 10.5%. The result: Opioid overdoses were responsible for 0.32 out of 100 visits, or 1 in every 313 visits, which is up from 0.25, or 1 in every 400 visits, the previous two years.

Newswise: UM School Of Medicine Researchers Receive NIH Avant Garde Award For Out-Of-Box, Innovative Concept To Cure HIV And Treat Co-Existing Addiction
Released: 6-Jul-2021 7:05 AM EDT
UM School Of Medicine Researchers Receive NIH Avant Garde Award For Out-Of-Box, Innovative Concept To Cure HIV And Treat Co-Existing Addiction
University of Maryland School of Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) Professor of Diagnostic Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Linda Chang, MD, MS, received the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) 2021 Avant Garde Award (DP1) for HIV/AIDS and Substance Use Disorder Research — a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director’s Pioneer Award.

Newswise: Prenatal exposure to THC, CBD affects offspring's responsiveness to fluoxetine
Released: 1-Jul-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Prenatal exposure to THC, CBD affects offspring's responsiveness to fluoxetine
Indiana University

Scientists at Indiana University have found that significant amounts of the two main components of cannabis, THC and CBD, enter the embryonic brain of mice in utero and impair the mice's ability as adults to respond to fluoxetine, a drug commonly known by the brand name Prozac.

Released: 25-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
An Educational Intervention Can Help Vapers Use Their E-Cigarettes to Quit Smoking, Moffitt Study Finds
Moffitt Cancer Center

In a new article published in The Lancet Public Health, they report results from a first-of-its kind nationwide study evaluating a targeted intervention aimed at transforming dual users’ e-cigarettes from a product that might maintain smoking into a tool that can be used to aid smoking cessation.

Newswise: Researchers Test Model to Predict Drug Overdose Deaths in U.S.
Released: 10-Jun-2021 10:40 AM EDT
Researchers Test Model to Predict Drug Overdose Deaths in U.S.
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego, San Diego State University, and international collaborators have designed and validated a prediction model to signal counties at risk of future overdose death outbreaks.

Newswise: UM Avenir Award Recipient to Leverage Telehealth to Reach Injection Drug Users
Released: 2-Jun-2021 12:10 PM EDT
UM Avenir Award Recipient to Leverage Telehealth to Reach Injection Drug Users
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

The $2.3 million, four-year Avenir Award will support his innovative research project, “Tele-Harm Reduction for Rapid Initiation of Antiretrovirals in People Who Inject Drugs: A Randomized Controlled Trial.”

Newswise: Alcohol problems severely undertreated
Released: 17-May-2021 2:00 PM EDT
Alcohol problems severely undertreated
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that although the vast majority of people with alcohol use disorder see their doctors regularly for a range of issues, fewer than one in 10 ever get treatment to help curb their drinking.

Newswise: Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
Released: 11-May-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
University of Washington School of Medicine

Researchers successfully used a protein called parapinopsin to turn off brain circuits. This protein is found in lamprey – an ancient lineage of jawless fish similar to eel. Researchers said the ability to inhibit neurons could eventually lead to turning off mood disorders and unwanted behaviors like depression and addiction.

30-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
New Research Finds Rise of Frequent Cannabis Vaping Among U.S. High School Seniors
NYU Langone Health

Frequent cannabis vaping, defined as vaping at least 10 times a month, more than doubled among high school seniors in the United States between 2018 and 2019, according to new research from NYU Grossman School of Medicine published online May 4 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Newswise: Cannabis Use Disorder Rate Rose among Pregnant Women between 2001-2012
20-Apr-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Cannabis Use Disorder Rate Rose among Pregnant Women between 2001-2012
University of California San Diego Health

Babies born to mothers diagnosed with cannabis use disorder are more likely to experience negative health outcomes, such as preterm birth and low birth weight, than babies born to mothers without a cannabis use disorder diagnosis, report UC San Diego researchers.

Newswise: Opioid overdose reduced in patients taking buprenorphine
1-Mar-2021 5:30 PM EST
Opioid overdose reduced in patients taking buprenorphine
Washington University in St. Louis

The drug buprenorphine is an effective treatment for opioid use disorder, but many who misuse opioids also take benzodiazepines — drugs that treat anxiety and similar conditions. Many treatment centers hesitate to treat patients addicted to opioids who also take benzodiazepines. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis studied overdose risk in people taking buprenorphine and found that the drug lowered risk, even in people taking benzodiazepines.

Newswise: IU study finds unintended consequences of state, opioid policies
Released: 17-Feb-2021 12:15 PM EST
IU study finds unintended consequences of state, opioid policies
Indiana University

IU study finds unintended and negative consequences of policies designed to reduce the supply of opioids in the population for overdose.

Released: 11-Dec-2020 11:00 AM EST
Scientists at Texas Biomed aim to test therapeutic effects of CBD/THC against HIV-induced neurological disorder
Texas Biomedical Research Institute

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) awarded Professor Mahesh Mohan, D.V.M., Ph.D., and collaborators more than $3.5 million over five years to investigate the effects of cannabinoids on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). This research project aims to evaluate whether delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) alone or in combination can potentially alter DNA methylation, which is a biological process that can create a change in the expression of certain genes.

Newswise: Potential Means Of Improving Learning And Memory In People With Mental Illnesses
Released: 3-Dec-2020 8:05 AM EST
Potential Means Of Improving Learning And Memory In People With Mental Illnesses
Johns Hopkins Medicine

More than a dozen drugs are known to treat symptoms such as hallucinations, erratic behaviors, disordered thinking and emotional extremes associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other severe mental illnesses. But, drug treatments specifically able to target the learning, memory and concentration problems that may accompany such disorders remain elusive.

Newswise: Scientists Identify Brain Cells that Help Drive Bodily Reaction to Fear, Anxiety
Released: 23-Nov-2020 12:15 PM EST
Scientists Identify Brain Cells that Help Drive Bodily Reaction to Fear, Anxiety
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

This research helps illuminate the neural roots of emotions, and points to the possibility that a population of arousal-related neurons might be a target of future treatments for anxiety disorders and other illnesses involving abnormal arousal responses.

Newswise: UTEP Researcher Studies Effects of Teen Vaping on the Brain and Behavior
Released: 18-Nov-2020 5:25 PM EST
UTEP Researcher Studies Effects of Teen Vaping on the Brain and Behavior
University of Texas at El Paso

With support from a nearly $340,000 grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Ian Mendez, Ph.D., UTEP assistant professor of pharmacy, is developing an animal model that mimics real life exposure to e-cigarettes in order to investigate the effects of nicotine vapor exposure on adolescent behavior.

9-Oct-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Scientists Report Role for Dopamine and Serotonin in Human Perception and Decision-making
Wake Forest Baptist Health

Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have recorded real time changes in dopamine and serotonin levels in the human brain that are involved with perception and decision-making. These same neurochemicals also are critical to movement disorders and psychiatric conditions, including substance abuse and depression.

Released: 16-Sep-2020 8:00 AM EDT
$11.4 million NIH grant advances drug to treat nicotine addiction
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Camino Pharma, LLC and University of California San Diego School of Medicine have been awarded an $11.4 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to advance a novel drug candidate for nicotine addiction into first-in-human Phase 1 studies. The drug targets a neuronal signaling pathway underlying addictive behaviors, and would be a first-in-class medication to help people quit smoking.

31-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Studies: E-cigarettes Don’t Help Smokers Quit and They May Become Addicted to Vaping
University of California San Diego Health

Two UC San Diego School of Medicine-led analyses report that e-cigarettes are not effective in helping adults to quit smoking.

26-May-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older Adults at Higher Risk for Substance Use
New York University

Middle-aged and older adults who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual have higher rates of using certain substances in the past year than those who identify as heterosexual, according to a new study led by researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine and the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU School of Global Public Health.

Released: 8-Apr-2020 4:10 PM EDT
Whether marijuana helps with pain is unclear, study suggests
Ohio State University

Medical marijuana users who say they have high levels of pain are more likely than those with low pain to say they use cannabis three or more times a day, a new study finds.

Released: 3-Apr-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Anterior insula activation restores prosocial behavior in animal model of opioid addiction
Arizona State University (ASU)

Researchers in the Arizona State University Department of Psychology have shown that chemogenetic activation of the anterior insula restores prosocial behavior in an animal model of opioid addiction and empathy. The findings suggest an important role for the anterior insula in the brain response to addiction.

Released: 24-Mar-2020 11:35 AM EDT
Lack of media skepticism tied to belief in rape myths
Cornell University

People who tend to recognize similarities between people they know and people depicted in the media are more likely to believe common myths about sexual assault, according to a new study co-led by a Cornell researcher.

Newswise: Scientists receive NIH grant to support study using THC as therapy for HIV patients suffering from inflammation
Released: 26-Feb-2020 9:00 AM EST
Scientists receive NIH grant to support study using THC as therapy for HIV patients suffering from inflammation
Texas Biomedical Research Institute

More than $3.7 million was awarded to Mahesh Mohan, DVM, MS, Ph.D., Professor at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute, and Chioma M. Okeoma, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Stony Brook University, to explore the link between cannabinoids (THC) and chronic intestinal inflammation in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Released: 24-Feb-2020 11:00 AM EST
Cannabis Use Among Older Adults has Increased 75 Percent Since 2015
NYU Langone Health

Cannabis use continues to increase in popularity among adults 65 years of age and older in the United States, according to a new study from NYU Grossman School of Medicine.

Released: 11-Feb-2020 11:10 AM EST
Young Men Unaware of Risks of HPV Infection and Need for HPV Vaccination
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Young sexual minority men — including those who are gay, bisexual, queer or straight-identified men who have sex with men — do not fully understand their risk for human papillomavirus (HPV) due to a lack of information from health care providers, according to Rutgers researchers.

28-Jan-2020 10:40 AM EST
Ketamine Use is Underreported—Likely Due to Unknown Exposure—Among EDM Partygoers
New York University

Nearly 37 percent of electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees test positive for ketamine use when samples of their hair are tested—despite only 14.6 percent disclosing that they have used the drug in the past year.

Released: 24-Jan-2020 1:05 PM EST
Opioid Dependence Found to Permanently Change Brains of Rats
University of California San Diego Health

Approximately one-quarter of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, with five to 10 percent developing an opioid use disorder or addiction. In a new study, UC San Diego researchers found that opioid dependence produced permanent changes in the brains of rats.

Newswise: How Marijuana Accelerates Growth of HPV-related Head and Neck Cancer Identified
Released: 13-Jan-2020 11:55 AM EST
How Marijuana Accelerates Growth of HPV-related Head and Neck Cancer Identified
University of California San Diego Health

University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers identified how THC from marijuana accelerates cancer growth in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive head and neck cancer.

Released: 7-Jan-2020 5:45 PM EST
Intervention for patients hospitalized with HIV improved reengagement and outcomes of care
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Providing multidisciplinary team consults for HIV patients while they are hospitalized to help address social and medical barriers reduces future infection rates and boosts participation in follow-up care, results from a study on how to reengage patients show.

Newswise:Video Embedded uk-study-examines-insomnia-among-women-in-appalachian-kentucky
VIDEO
Released: 3-Jan-2020 9:55 AM EST
UK Study Examines Insomnia Among Women in Appalachian Kentucky
University of Kentucky

University of Kentucky research to examine and improve women’s sleep habits sheds light on insomnia among middle-aged women in Appalachian Kentucky. It also highlights a promising non-pharmaceutical intervention that could help them get a good night’s rest.

Released: 4-Dec-2019 12:20 PM EST
Single Dose of Ketamine Plus Talk Therapy May Reduce Alcohol Use
Columbia University Irving Medical Center

A single infusion of ketamine plus behavioral therapy helped alcohol-dependent individuals reduce their drinking, a new study finds.

17-Oct-2019 4:15 PM EDT
Drinking to Remember: Consuming Alcohol Leads to Epigenetic Changes in Brain Memory Centers
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A new study, led by researchers at Penn Medicine, revealed a surprising pathway that shows alcohol byproducts travel to the brain to promote addiction memory. The findings are published in Nature.

21-Oct-2019 3:50 PM EDT
Alcohol Byproduct Contributes to Brain Chemistry Changes in Reward Learning and Memory Centers
Mount Sinai Health System

Study of mouse models provides clear implications for new targets to treat alcohol use disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome

Newswise: UK Awarded $8.8 Million to Support Opioid Treatment for Women in Criminal Justice Settings
Released: 20-Sep-2019 10:05 AM EDT
UK Awarded $8.8 Million to Support Opioid Treatment for Women in Criminal Justice Settings
University of Kentucky

The University of Kentucky recently received an $8.8 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health, to establish a Clinical Research Center as part of the Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (JCOIN) to support research on quality addiction treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) in criminal justice settings nationwide. The grant will be used to create the Kentucky Women’s Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (WJCOIN) to enhance access to opioid use disorder treatment for women as they transition from jail the community.

Released: 22-May-2019 3:05 PM EDT
Marijuana Use Episodes Linked to Partner Intimacy Experiences
University at Buffalo

Marijuana use episodes among couples who frequently use the drug increase the likelihood of experiencing intimacy events, according to the results of a University at Buffalo-led study.


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