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Rate of Opioid Misuse Is Around 25 Percent, Addiction Rate 10 Percent, Reports Study in PAIN

New estimates suggest that 20 to 30 percent of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10 percent, reports a study in the April issue of PAIN®, the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Harder-to-Abuse OxyContin Doesn’t Stop Illicit Use

A reformulation of OxyContin that makes it less likely to be abused than the older formulation has curtailed the drug’s illicit use. But researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a significant percentage still abuse the drug despite package labeling that emphasizes its abuse-deterrent properties.

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Protein in the Brain Can 'Put the Brakes' on Binge Drinking

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A new study identifies both where in the brain and how a protein in the brain, called Neuropeptide Y or NPY, can act to suppress binge alcohol drinking. These findings suggest that restoring NPY may be useful for treating alcohol use disorders and may also protect some individuals from becoming alcohol dependent.

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Spouses of Alcoholics Can Benefit From Online Help, Study Finds

Researchers at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) have found that women with alcoholic partners who face barriers to seeking help may benefit from an Internet-based, interactive support program.

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Raising Tobacco Sales Age to 21 Is Best Way to Prevent Lifelong Addiction

Raising the minimum age to buy cigarettes to 21 would save lives by preventing adolescents from ever taking up smoking, a new report suggests. The minimum age to buy tobacco products in most of the country is 18.

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Discovery About Beliefs Could Prove a Useful Tool in Addiction Treatment, Researchers Say

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have discovered that beliefs can regulate the effects of nicotine on the human brain.

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Powder vs. Crack: NYU Study Identifies Arrest Risk Disparity for Cocaine Use

Crack users are much more likely to experience arrest than powder cocaine users, and being poor is the true overwhelming correlate, not being black or a minority.

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Menthol Increases Nicotine Exposure, Worsens Addiction

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Meth Messes Up Brains of Youths Far More than Adults

In a study with chronic adolescent and adult meth users in South Korea, MRI brain scans showed decreased thickness in the gray matter of younger users’ frontal cortex. Adult brains showed less damage.

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University of Kentucky Opiate Addiction Researcher Available to Discuss Heroin Epidemic

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