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Mobile Breathalyzers Can Help Treatment Providers Extend the Reach of Outpatient Treatment

Alcohol treatment has come a long way from enforced isolation in asylums, and technological advancements are particularly promising in terms of their capacity to improve treatment effectiveness. Promising research looks at the feasibility, implementation, validity and utilization of mobile momentary-assessment breathalyzers within the context of an intensive outpatient (IOP) treatment for alcohol-use disorders (AUDs).

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Substance User’s Social Connections: Family, Friends, and the Foresaken

It’s no secret that social environments can play a role in the development as well as recovery from substance-abuse problems. A new study, designed to uncover how individual relationships respond to substance use and social influences, has found that the links between substance use and social connections are bidirectional and strong.

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Multi-Media Project Targets Binge Drinking and HIV Infection Among Hispanic/Latino Young Adults

Health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts can no longer use a one-size-fits-all approach. Efforts targeting emerging adult populations – encompassing late adolescence and early adulthood – must embrace and utilize multi-pronged, multi-media approaches in order to be successful. This presentation discusses a unique media-awareness campaign designed to reduce binge drinking, as well as associated HIV/HCV risk, among Hispanic/Latino emerging adults.

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Understanding Risk Factors Involved in Initiation of Adolescent Alcohol Use

Underage drinking is a major public health and social problem in the U.S. The ability to identify at-risk children before they initiate heavy alcohol use has immense clinical and public health implications. A new study has found that demographic factors, cognitive functioning, and brain features during the early-adolescence ages of 12 to 14 years can predict which youth eventually initiate alcohol use during later adolescence around the age of 18.

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Minimum Legal Drinking Age of 21 Can Protect Against Later Risk of Death

The minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) in the U.S. regulates the age at which individuals can legally purchase and possess alcohol in public. An MLDA of 21 has been linked to a number of benefits, including a lower risk for alcoholism in adulthood. However, no studies have examined linkages between exposure to MLDAs during young adulthood and mortality later in life. This study examined if young adults – college and non-college students – exposed to a permissive MLDA (younger than 21) had a higher risk of death from alcohol-related chronic diseases compared to those exposed to an MLDA of 21.

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Adolescent Girls Choose to Drink at Lower Blood Alcohol Concentrations

Gender and a family history of alcoholism (FH) are two genetically determined factors known to affect someone’s risk for developing alcohol-use disorders (AUDs). Adolescence is also a critical period for the development of AUDs; drinking habits can be unstable and environmental factors such as peer pressure may be substantial. This study looked at how gender and FH might affect alcohol use in a sample of 18- to 19-year-olds from the Dresden Longitudinal Study on Alcohol use in Young Adults (D-LAYA).

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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NYU Research Shows the Struggle to Maintain Accurate Data on the Prevalence of Nonmedical Opioid Use by High School Students

A new study describes the differences in self-reporting of nonmedical opioid use among high school seniors. The results underscore that medical and law enforcement communities may be underestimating opioid use and not just among younger populations.

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New Clues to COPD Linked to Proteostasis Imbalance Caused by Cigarette Smoke

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Free radicals can reach the endoplasmic reticulum, a cellular organelle that is critical in manufacturing and transporting fats, steroids, hormones and various proteins, and alter its function by oxidizing and damaging its most abundant and crucial to protein folding chaperone, Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI).

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 29-Jun-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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RSA 2016 Featured Research Findings

The 39th annual Research Society on Alcoholism Scientific Meeting will take place June 25-29 in New Orleans, Louisiana. RSA 2016 provides a meeting place for scientists and clinicians from across the country, and around the world, to interact. The meeting also gives members and non-members the chance to present their latest findings in alcohol research through abstract and symposia submissions.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Jun-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Jun-2016 9:00 AM EDT

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Cannabis Use During Pregnancy May Affect Brain Development in Offspring

Cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with abnormal brain structure in children, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry.

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Mental Health: How the Pardes Prize Is Making a Difference

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Suicide is among the top ten causes of death in the U.S. One in four people worldwide suffer from some type of mental illness. Two-thirds of them do not get the treatment they need. We are faced with mass shootings, a rise in heroin addiction, young people lured into terrorist groups, veterans suffering with PTSD, and increases in depression and anxiety among children and adults. These are stark illustrations that mental illness is a major international problem.

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New Grants Allow Kennesaw State’s Addiction and Recovery Center to Expand Services

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Kennesaw State University's Center for Young Adult Addiction and Recovery responds to a rising number of students seeking help for eating disorders and the increased use of drugs and alcohol by local youth.

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Physician Anesthesiologist, Pain Medicine Specialist Available to Discuss Opioid Misuse, Abuse and Celebrity Overdoses

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Surgery and Opioids: Changing the Perioperative Patient Experience and Expectation

This story looks at the use of opioids to recover from surgeries, while examining patient expectations and current practices. This story also covers an initiative entitled "Opioids for Pain: Be Smart. Be Safe. Be Sure."

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Researchers Find What Could Be Brain’s Trigger for Binge Behavior

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Rats that responded to cues for sugar with the speed and excitement of binge-eaters were less motivated for the treat when certain neurons were suppressed, researchers discovered.

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Every Monday Should Be World No Tobacco Day

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On May 31st, the World Health Organization hopes to spur the nearly one billion smokers worldwide to put down their cigarettes for World No Tobacco Day. While this annual event generates media attention and is a potential starting point for many quit attempts, without a sustained effort these smokers will likely be puffing away again in a matter of weeks. Researchers say that one way to keep the momentum going after this once-a-year push to get smokers’ attention, is to use every Monday as a weekly opportunity to support smokers in their efforts to quit and stay quit.