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Opioid

Study Shows Upswing in Prescription Opioid Use Disorder and Heroin Use Among Young Adults

Researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health found that, from 2002 to 2014, there was an increase in the probability of having a prescription opioid use disorder among young adults using prescription opioids for non medical purposes.

Medicine

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Aging, Women's Health, Addiction, Allergy

Women’s Health Paper Offers Insight on Antidepressant-Induced Female Sexual Dysfunction

One in 6 women in the U.S. takes antidepressants to improve her well-being, but what is she to do when the medication that is meant to help disrupts another area of her life?

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Drugs, Crime, Economics, Canada, Carolina, Ecstasy, Drug Trafficking, Drug Policy, West Coast, Great Lakes, Seattle, Detroit

Identifying Ecstasy’s Dangerous Path

In an important discovery in the battle against the United States’ growing drug epidemic, a Michigan State University economist has found the Carolinas could be a hotspot for the trafficking and production of the drug Ecstasy.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Smoking, Smoking Ban

Smoking Bans Persuade Light Users to Give Up the Habit

A new national study shows for the first time how smoking bans in cities, states and counties led young people living in those areas to give up, or never take up, the use of cigarettes.

Medicine

Science

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Energy Drinks, Alcohol, Drunk Driving, caffein, energy drinks mixed with alcohol, Students, Parents, Clinicians, college administrators

Energy Drink Use, with or Without Alcohol, Contributes to Drunk Driving

Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) have been of concern to the public-health community for almost a decade. Many young people consume EDs with alcohol to decrease alcohol’s sedative effects and stay awake longer, enabling them to drink more alcohol. Adding to the growing body of research linking ED consumption with risk-taking and alcohol-related problems, this study examined its relationship with drunk driving. Importantly, the researchers differentiated between the different ways in which EDs are consumed: exclusively with alcohol, exclusively without alcohol, or both with and without alcohol depending on the occasion.

Medicine

Science

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Homicide, Alcohol, alcohol-involved homicide, male gender, Domestic Abuse, minority status, Alcohol Policies, Victims

Alcohol-Involved Homicide Victimization: Common, Linked to Male Gender, Minority Status, and History of Domestic Abuse

While the association between alcohol and homicide may seem obvious, there has been no recent study of alcohol involvement in homicide victimization in U.S. states. This study drills down into the subject, looking at how often alcohol was involved in homicide victimization, and what socio-demographic and other factors may be predictors.

Medicine

Science

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The Low Down on Sweet N Low, Apple and Lettuce Can Remedy Garlic Breath, Using X-Rays to Figure Out Fats, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

Medicine

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opioid abuse, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Opioid Addiction, Public Health, pre

Two New Online Medical Education Courses Address Opioid Crisis

The DC Center for Rational Prescribing (DCRx) today announced the availability of two new online education courses aimed at teaching doctors and other healthcare professionals some of the myths and facts surrounding the use of prescription opioid painkillers. The information in the online videos could help curb the epidemic of opioid-related deaths by reducing unnecessary prescriptions—and offers valuable advice on how to wean patients from these addictive drugs.

Medicine

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UCLA, Ucla Medical Center, Opiates, opiate addiction, Opiod, opioid alternatives, Marijuana, marijuana risks, Marijuana Use, Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer Awareness, Breast Cancer Awareness Month, MRI Imaging, Mammogram, mammogram guidelines, flu, Flu Season, flu and elderly, Flu Shot, Vaccine, Vaccination, Disease, Health, Medicine & Health

UCLA Health Experts Advisory for October

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UCLA Health experts are available to discuss a wide variety of topics of interest for the month of October.

Medicine

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opiate addiction, Heroin Addiction, Homelessness, Homelessness prevention, panhandling, Addiction, addiction recovery

Tracking Opiate Addiction in New Brunswick, NJ

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Rutgers surveys find high rates of heroin use, panhandling and homelessness

Medicine

Science

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heavy drinking, Older Adults, neurocognition, Damage, Alcohol Dependence

Older adults with long-term alcohol dependence lose neurocognitive abilities

Heavy drinking can lead to neurophysiological and cognitive changes ranging from disrupted sleep to more serious neurotoxic effects. Aging can also contribute to cognitive decline. Several studies on the interaction of current heavy drinking and aging have had varied results. This study sought to elucidate the relations among age, heavy drinking, and neurocognitive function.

Medicine

Science

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Trauma, Women, Racial Differences, PTSD, European American, African American, Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Alcohol Use, Alcohol Use Disorder

Specific Trauma Experiences Contribute to Women's Alcohol Use, Differs by Race

Trauma exposure has consistently been reported as a risk factor for alcohol use and related problems. Further, racial differences in alcohol use, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and trauma exposure between European American (EA) and African American (AA) women have been reported previously. This study sought to identify racial differences in alcohol involvement, and to examine the risk conferred by specific trauma exposures and PTSD for different stages of alcohol involvement in EA and AA women.

Medicine

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Opioid, substance use disorder, Drug Overdose, Heroin Response Strategy, Heroin Addiction, opioid analgesics, chronic pain management, acute pain management, Epidemic, Awareness, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, non-opioid techniques, Holistic, Enhanced Recovery After Surgery

Holistic Approach to Pain Management Helps Curb Opioid Overuse

The holistic approach to patient care and pain management used by Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) can help prevent opioid dependency, substance use disorder, drug overdoses and death, according to the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA).

Medicine

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Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Overdose, Heroin Overdose, narcan, Naloxone, Substance Abuse, Addiction

UAB Narcan Project Has Stopped Nine Opioid Overdoses; Seeks Additional Naloxone Kits

A UAB-crowdfunded study to provide naloxone kits to family and friends of at-risk opioid users has distributed more than 100 kits and has seen nine overdose reversals since it began in November 2015.

Medicine

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Nicotine, Smoking, Texas A&M Health Science Center

Can Nicotine Protect The Aging Brain?

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Everyone knows that tobacco products are bad for your health. However, according to research at Texas A&M, it turns out the nicotine itself—when given independently from tobacco—could help protect the brain as it ages, and even ward off Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.

Medicine

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Smoking Cessation, Nursing, Tobacco

A Talk with a Nurse Can Persuade Hospital Patients to Quit Smoking

New research shows that self-reported quit rates among hospital patients more than doubled when nurses and other staff were trained to coach patients on how to stop smoking and to make sure they got the help they needed to make it happen, whether that meant counseling, patches, gum or prescription medication.

Medicine

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Jonathan Samet, Tobacco, Lung Diseases, Cancer

Nationally-Recognized Pulmonary Physician, Epidemiologist to Discuss Tobacco and Health

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Jonathan Samet, M.D., M.S. of the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, will tackle the issue of tobacco and health, explaining how solid research can drive gains in public health.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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CDUHR, New York University Langone Medical Center, Global Drug Survey, Kings College, K2, Spice, Designer Drugs, Synthetic marijuna

Nightclub Goers More Likely to Use New Designer Drugs

Novel Psychoactive Substances are synthetic or “designer” drugs which have increased in popularity in recent years. Few studies in the U.S. have focused on use among one of the highest-risk populations—electronic dance music (EDM) nightclub and festival attendees. Researchers from NYU and Kings College found that more frequent nightclub attendance was strongly associated with increased risk of use of new street drugs. Attending nightclubs every week more than doubled the odds of reporting use.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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ecigarettes, e-cigarette policy, e-cigarettes, vape pens, vaping, nicotine, smoking, nicotine patch, , e-cigarette regulation, Tobacco, Big Tobacco

Tobacco Industry Tactics Influential in E-Cigarette Policy

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By employing the same tactics it used to drive policymaking from the 1970s-1990s, the tobacco industry has become successful in influencing pro-industry e-cigarette laws at the state level, according to a UCSF study published in the September issue of Milbank Quarterly.

Medicine

Science

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lung, Injury, Smoking, Alcohol, alcohol use disorders, oxidative lung damage, upper airways

Testing for Damage to Airways Caused by Drinking and Smoking

Cells in the lung are constantly exposed to oxygen and intermittently exposed to other environmental factors, resulting in a susceptibility to oxidative injury. Both alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and cigarette smoking heighten pulmonary oxidative stress, likely due to antioxidant depletion. Pulmonary oxidative stress damages innate immunity, which can contribute to increased pneumonia susceptibility and severity. This study sought to understand whether measures of pulmonary oxidative stress in upper airway fluid are comparable to measures in the lower airways, and whether either compartment is preferentially affected by AUDs and/or smoking. If upper airways’ and lower airways’ oxidative stress indices are similar, less invasive methods to assess pulmonary oxidative stress, such as mini-bronchoalveolar lavage (mini-BAL) or sputum evaluations, could be used in research and clinical settings.







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