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Does Dip Decrease or Deepen Addiction to Nicotine?

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Smokeless tobacco products are marketed as a way for smokers to cut back on the negative effects of tobacco, while still being able to use it. Is that really the case? A professor in the Department of Psychology at West Virginia University is investigating whether smokers are using smokeless tobacco products as a replacement, or supplement to cigarettes.

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Medicine

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Teens Prescribed Anxiety, Sleep Medications Likelier to Illegally Abuse Them Later

The medical community may be inadvertently creating a new generation of illegal, recreational drug users by prescribing anti-anxiety or sleep medications to teenagers, say University of Michigan researchers.

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Long-Acting Anti-Methamphetamine Antibody Demonstrates Protective Benefits for Meth Addiction Treatment

A recently developed Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV)-based medication has the potential to offer substantial protective effects for patients attempting to cease methamphetamine use.

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Reported Opioid Abuse in Pregnant Women More Than Doubles in 14 Years

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The number of pregnant women who abuse or are dependent on opioids (narcotics) jumped 127 percent in 14 years, leading to an increased risk of maternal death and stillbirth among other serious problems, according to a review of more than 57 million American women admitted for delivery. The results were published in the December issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®).

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TSRI Researchers Discover New Type of Neuron that Plays Key Role in Nicotine Addiction

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Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found that the brain’s reward and stress systems are actually linked. Their findings show that in the core of the brain’s reward system specific neurons are active both with use of and withdrawal from nicotine.

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Behavioral Flexibility Impaired After Exposure to Oxycodone

Brief usage of the painkiller oxycodone may impair behavioral flexibility even after that use ends, suggesting impaired decision-making as an enduring consequence of exposure, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published November 17 in the journal Learning and Memory.

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Business

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Research Examines Whether It’s Possible to Be Addicted to Entrepreneurship

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Research by Alexander McKelvie, chair and associate professor in the department of entrepreneurship and emerging enterprises, and J. Michael Haynie, Barnes Professor of Entrepreneurship at the Martin J. Whitman School of Management at Syracuse University, examines why some entrepreneurs keep starting new businesses. Researchers looked at the underlying psychological processes that may motivate some entrepreneurs to repeatedly engage in new businesses, despite the possible risks to personal relationships and health. The paper, titled “Habitual Entrepreneurs: Possible Cases of Behavioral Addition?” was published in the Journal of Business Venturing. Co-author was April Spivack (University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh).

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Changes in a Single Gene’s Action Can Control Addiction- and Depression-Related Behaviors

New DNA regulatory technique modifies the environment around a single gene to control gene expression and behavioral consequences

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A New Study Conducted at the University of Haifa Has Found Omega-3 Reduces Smoking

Taking omega-3 supplements reduces craving for nicotine and even reduces the number of cigarettes that people smoke a day.

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Expansion of Gambling Does Not Lead to More Problem Gamblers, Study Finds

In the past decade, online gambling has exploded and several states have approved measures to legalize various types of gambling. So, it’s only natural that the number of people with gambling problems has also increased, right?

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