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Embargo will expire:
18-Jul-2018 6:30 PM EDT
Released to reporters:
17-Jul-2018 12:05 PM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 18-Jul-2018 6:30 PM EDT

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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Jul-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697285

Study Shows Biomarker Panel Boosts Lung Cancer Risk Assessment for Smokers

University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

A four-protein biomarker blood test improves lung cancer risk assessment over existing guidelines that rely solely upon smoking history, capturing risk for people who have ever smoked, not only for heavy smokers, an international research team reports in JAMA Oncology. “This simple blood test demonstrates the potential of biomarker-based risk assessment to improve eligibility criteria for lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography,” said study co-senior author Sam Hanash, M.D., Ph.D., professor of Clinical Cancer Prevention at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Released:
11-Jul-2018 11:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697083

Reminder Emails after a Computer-based Intervention Help Some College Students Reduce Their Drinking

Research Society on Alcoholism

College students entering adulthood often drink too much. Negative consequences can include missed classes, poor grades, a wide array of injuries, and even assault. Many academic institutions have addressed this problem by offering computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) for rapid and wide dissemination to students. Although effective in the short term, CDIs are not as helpful longer-term as face-to-face interventions. However, face-to-face interventions are typically only used with students who receive alcohol sanctions, whereas CDIs can be used with large groups (such as student athletes, or all incoming students) and are more cost-effective. This study examined the usefulness of “boosters” – personalized emails sent to post-CDI participants– for maintaining decreased drinking.

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6-Jul-2018 9:35 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    10-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697022

Alcoholics Continue to Have Problems with Emotional Communication Despite Abstinence

Research Society on Alcoholism

An important part of communication is non-verbal. Most people who engage in social interactions recognize a range of emotional states reflected in other people’s facial expressions, body postures, and/or tone of voice. Alcoholism has been linked to difficulties in perceiving and processing emotions expressed in these non-verbal cues. This study examined whether these difficulties persist after long-term abstinence from alcohol.

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5-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697204

Aspirin Desensitization Improves Alcohol-Induced Allergies in Patients with Underlying Respiratory Disease

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Patients who suffer from Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (AERD) often experience an additional allergic reaction when drinking alcohol, including nasal congestion, wheezing, and a runny nose. Now a new study led by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania finds a common treatment for AERD – aspirin desensitization – can also help alleviate the alcohol-induced symptoms of the condition.

Released:
10-Jul-2018 9:20 AM EDT
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Article ID: 697140

Alarming Trend Shows First-Time Smoking Among Young Adults

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Millennials living more dangerously and settling down later could be creating a new generation of addicted smokers and e-cigarette users, according to the surprising results of research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Released:
9-Jul-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    9-Jul-2018 12:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696996

A Lifetime Sentence: Incarceration of Parents Impacts Health of Their Children into Adulthood

Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Young adults who had parents incarcerated during childhood do not receive timely healthcare and have more unhealthy behaviors, Lurie Children’s researchers find

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3-Jul-2018 2:50 PM EDT
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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 697042

Non-Opioid Drug Relieves Pain in Mice, Targets Immune Cells

Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that inhibiting a receptor on immune cells called macrophages may help relieve pain in some patients, particularly those with chronic neuropathic pain, such as those with conditions like diabetic neuropathy.

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5-Jul-2018 1:30 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    5-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696905

People with Alcohol Problems Tend to Wrongly Identify Emotional Faces as Hostile

Research Society on Alcoholism

The ability to recognize emotion in others’ facial expressions is an important social skill for interpersonal relationships, work interactions, and family life. Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are linked to a number of deficits in reasoning and emotional functions, including difficulty in identifying emotional facial expressions. This study examined the emotion-recognition abilities of individuals with an AUD and whether the expected deficits were associated with drinking or anxious and depressive symptoms.

Released:
2-Jul-2018 7:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    5-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696904

Twenty Years Later: Revisiting Individuals Previously Diagnosed with Alcohol Use Disorders

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol-related problems often begin in the late teens to early twenties, then decrease as drinkers grow older. However, recent reports indicate greater-than-expected problematic drinking by older populations. There are limited ways to predict which older individuals may develop alcohol-related problems, including those with earlier-onset alcohol use disorders (AUDs). This analysis evaluated predictors of alcohol outcomes among individuals who earlier reported AUDs while participating in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA).

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2-Jul-2018 7:05 AM EDT
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