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Study Shows Distress Intolerance Associated with Opioid Misuse

Inability to manage negative emotional and somatic stress is associated with opioid misuse in adults with chronic pain, according to new research reported in The Journal of Pain, published by the American Pain Society,

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Few People Know Mushrooms’ Health Benefits, Plasma Tech Can Be Tapped to Kill Biofilms on Perishable Foods, Are You in Your ‘Right’ Mind When Tasting a Favorite Beer, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

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Treating Pain Without Feeding Addiction: Study Shows Promise of Non-Drug Pain Management

A new study shows the potential for patients who have both addiction issues and chronic pain to be helped by an approach that combines behavioral therapy and social support to help them manage their pain without medications that themselves pose an addiction risk.

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New Study Finds ARDS Patients Who Smoke and Are Obese Have Poorer Quality of Life Following Hospitalization

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New study of patients who survive Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) finds their subsequent quality of life has more to do with lifestyle factors than how sick they were in the hospital.

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Study Identifies Neural Circuits Involved in Making Risky Decisions

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New research sheds light on what’s going on inside our heads as we decide whether to take a risk or play it safe. Scientists located a region of the brain involved in decisions made under conditions of uncertainty, and identified some of the cells involved in the decision-making process. The work could lead to treatments for psychological and psychiatric disorders that involve misjudging risk, such as problem gambling and anxiety disorders.

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Raising Tobacco Sales Age to 21 Is Best Way to Prevent Lifelong Addiction

COLUMBUS, Ohio – Raising the national minimum age to buy cigarettes to 21 would save lives by preventing adolescents from ever taking up smoking, a new report suggests. The minimum age to buy tobacco products in most of the country is 18. In their analysis, Ohio State University public health experts detail how raising the minimum tobacco sales age would be effective in improving health and note the economic consequences to retailers would be minimal.

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Doctors of Chiropractic Provide Alternative to Opioids for Pain Management

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During National Chiropractic Health Month (NCHM) in October, the American Chiropractic Association (ACA) will build on its ongoing efforts to raise awareness of the value of a conservative approach to pain management in the face of the U.S. opioid epidemic with the theme and hashtag #Chiropractic1st.

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Children Affected by Parental Substance Use

Children whose caregivers misuse alcohol or use, produce or distribute drugs face an increased risk of medical and behavioral problems. According to a new clinical report by experts at Beth Israel Medical Center (BIDMC) and Boston Children’s Hospital, pediatricians hold the unique position to assess risk and intervene to protect children. The report is available online today and will appear in the August print edition of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Association of Pediatrics.

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Expert From Johns Hopkins Nursing Can Comment on Newly-Approved Addiction Legislation

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In wake of #CARA #opioid passage, @umich researcher available to comment

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Marijuana Use Dampens Brain’s Response to Reward Over Time, Study Finds

Most people would get a little ‘rush’ out of the idea that they’re about to win some money. In fact, if you could look into their brain at that very moment, you’d see activity in the part of the brain that responds to rewards. But for marijuana users, that rush just isn’t as big – and gets smaller over time, a new study finds. And that may open them up to more risk of addiction.

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Advice to WHO Nations to Consider Mandatory Low-Nicotine Cigarettes Is Premature, UB Researcher Says

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BUFFALO, N.Y. — Panel's recommendations are not warranted until long-term studies on representative samples of smokers show this is good for public health overall, Lynn T. Kozlowski writes in new journal paper.

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Chronic Pain Costs Are High to Ontario Health Care System and to Individual Patients

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Costs of patients who develop chronic post-surgical pain could range from $2.5 million to $4.1 million a year, in one Ontario hospital alone, according to a study in Pain Management.

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The Warning Signs of Mental Illness and Addiction

A UAB psychologist discusses addiction and recognizing the symptoms of mental illness in adults and children.

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“The Anonymous People” Documentary: 25 Million Americans Will No Longer Be Quiet

Current public perceptions about alcohol- and other drug-use disorders are out of step with scientific knowledge. There remains a general belief that these disorders are essentially moral failings and/or bad choices. This view is completely at odds with research demonstrating that these disorders are indeed a brain disease. A documentary called “The Anonymous People” features personal narratives that call for a fundamental reframing of the national conversation about alcohol and substance-use disorders and recovery.

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Study Uses Diverse Sample to Examine Childhood Weight's Link to Age of First Substance Use

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Girls who were overweight as children are likely to begin using cigarettes, marijuana or alcohol at an earlier age than their healthy-weight peers, according to a new study by researchers in the Indiana University School of Education.

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“Inflamm-Aging:” Alcohol Makes It Even Worse

The immune system in the elderly is dysfunctional and infections are more prevalent, more severe, and harder to defeat. Drinking alcohol has a variety of damaging effects on the immune system and organs – like the gut, liver and lung – which can be worsened by pre-existing conditions as well as consumption of prescription and over-the-counter medications that aged individuals often take. This presentation addresses how alcohol affects the elderly more dramatically, and also suppresses their ability to battle infections, like pneumonia, much more severely than it does younger individuals.

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Drunkorexia 101: Increasing Alcohol’s Effects Through Diet and Exercise Behaviors

While many people view college drinking as the norm, less understood is that how students drink can place them at a higher risk for multiple problems. Drinking on an empty stomach usually means that someone will get drunk faster, given that food helps to absorb alcohol, slowing down alcohol absorption into the bloodstream. A growing trend among college drinkers is called “drunkorexia,” a non-medical term that refers to a combination of alcohol with diet-related behaviors such as food restriction, excessive exercising, or bingeing and purging.

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Road to Recovery

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As Rutgers University's substance abuse helpline enters its second year, it counts its success one call at a time

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Mobile Breathalyzers Can Help Treatment Providers Extend the Reach of Outpatient Treatment

Alcohol treatment has come a long way from enforced isolation in asylums, and technological advancements are particularly promising in terms of their capacity to improve treatment effectiveness. Promising research looks at the feasibility, implementation, validity and utilization of mobile momentary-assessment breathalyzers within the context of an intensive outpatient (IOP) treatment for alcohol-use disorders (AUDs).