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New Grant Will Help Iowa State University Researchers to Explore Genetics of Stress Resistance in Corn

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A $2.1 million grant from the National Science Foundation will help ISU plant scientists build a better understanding of how corn plants deal with stress conditions. The research will focus on a delicate but vital process in plant cells called protein folding.

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Chronic Heavy Alcohol Consumption May Make It Harder to Quit Smoking

Chronic heavy alcohol consumption may lead to an increase in the rate of nicotine metabolism, which could be a contributing factor to poor smoking cessation rates in smokers addicted to alcohol.

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Who Gets Hooked on Drugs & Who Stays Clean? Study in Rats Finds Genetic Markers That Influence Addiction

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Why does one person who tries cocaine get addicted, and another does not? Why do some people who kick a drug habit stay clean, but others relapse? The answers to these questions may have a lot to do with specific genetic factors that vary from individual to individual, a new study in rats suggests.

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Videogame Addiction Linked to ADHD

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Young and single men are at risk of being addicted to video games. The addiction indicates an escape from ADHD and psychiatric disorder.

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Smoking Cessation Drugs Do Not Elevate Risk of Serious Neuropsychiatric Adverse Effects

Compared to the nicotine patch and a placebo, the smoking cessation aids varenicline (marketed as Chantix in the U.S.) and bupropion (Zyban) do not show a significant increase in neuropsychiatric adverse events, reports an international team of researchers in a study published online April 22 in the journal The Lancet.

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The Addiction Medicine Foundation Announces Winners of Next Generation Awards for Adolescent Substance Use Prevention

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The Addiction Medicine Foundation (formerly The ABAM Foundation) today announced the winners of the Next Generation Award for Adolescent Substance Use Prevention. The awards of $25,000 each, which are conferred by the Foundation’s National Center for Physician Training in Addiction Medicine and partially funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation.

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Smoking and Schizophrenia: Understanding and Breaking the Cycle of Addiction

Smoking is a real problem for people with schizophrenia. A research team observed in schizophrenia smokers, when presented with appetitive cigarette images, greater neuronal activation of a specific region of the brain, the ventro-medial prefrontal cortex, a region involved in the brain reward system. The study confirms the tendency to smoke of people with schizophrenia and low smoking cessation rates.

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Three Times More Canadian Teens Gambling Online

Three times more Canadian teenagers are gambling online than previously thought, according research from the University of Waterloo and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH).

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Some Drug Addicts More Likely to Relapse Than Others: Study

Opioids are highly addicting and liable for abuse. Methadone maintenance treatment is the most common intervention for those with drug addiction, but relapse is common, with 46% of patients continuing to use illicit opioids during or after the methadone treatment

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Simultaneous Cocaine, Alcohol Use Linked to Suicide Risk

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In a general sense, medical studies support the popular intuition -- a staple of movies and literature -- that suicidal behavior and substance misuse are linked. But the relationship between the two is not so simple. A new study of hundreds of suicidal emergency department (ED) patients from around the U.S. found that the significance of the link varied with age, gender and race. Across the board, however, the use of cocaine and alcohol together was a red flag.

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Closer Examination Reveals Changes to the “Gender Gap” in Drinking

Previous research on an apparent narrowing of the historical “gender gap” in drinking prevalence found that girls were more likely to start drinking before 18 years of age compared to boys. This research seeks to extend these epidemiological findings by estimating the fine-grained, age-specific incidence of becoming a drinker among 12- to 24-year-old U.S. males and females, and comparing incidence estimates with prevalence proportions.

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Fluctuations in Student Drinking During the Calendar Year

Heavy drinking by students is common during the college years and is associated with potentially serious consequences. While student drinking tends to fluctuate throughout the calendar year, with marked increases during celebrations, most studies of the issue are limited to the academic year itself, relatively few focus specifically on special heavy drinking events, and even fewer include drinking during summer break and subsequent school return. This study uses longitudinal data to address these gaps.

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Examining Alcohol Use Prior to Suicides and Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths

Injury death – including those due to intentional injury, with suicide most common, as well as unintentional injury, with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) causing a majority – is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Postmortem examinations commonly test for blood alcohol concentration (BAC). This study utilizes postmortem data to examine the hypotheses that high, and very high, BACs are more common among MVC decedents than among suicide decedents, whereas low alcohol levels are more common among suicide decedents.

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Effects of Alcohol, Methamphetamine, and Marijuana Exposure on the Placenta

In the United States, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is the most common preventable cause of developmental delay. Animal studies have shown some of the adverse effects of PAE on placental development, but few studies have examined these effects in humans. This is the first study to examine the effects of prenatal exposure to methamphetamine, marijuana, and cigarette smoking on human placental development.

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The Addiction Medicine Foundation Accredits Four More Fellowship Programs, Bringing Total Accredited Programs to 40

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The Addiction Medicine Foundation today announced the accreditation of four additional fellowship programs to train addiction medicine physicians. The Foundation has supported the establishment of 40 addiction medicine fellowship training programs to date, based at major medical schools and hospitals across North America.

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Scripps Florida Team Awarded $3.4M to Develop Treatments for Addiction, Mood Disorders

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A team from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the University of North Carolina (UNC) has been awarded $3.4 million from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop novel therapeutics for the treatment of addiction and mood disorders.

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Study Finds Addiction Associated with Poor Awareness of Others

Developmental psychologist finds adolescents with severe alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems have a low regard for others, as indicated by higher rates of driving under the influence and having unprotected sex with a history of sexually transmitted disease.

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Opioid Relapse Rates Fall with Long-Term Use of Medication for Adults Involved in Criminal Justice System

A clinical trial from NYU Langone Medical Center and others finds use of long-term, extended-release naltrexone leads to decreases in opioid addiction relapse. Learn more.

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Curbing Opioid Abuse

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Most people know that heroin is a dangerous drug, but its cousins, the legal, pharmaceutical opioids, such as codeine or hydrocodone, must be safe, right?

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Chiropractic Physicians Applaud CDC Guideline on Opioid Prescribing; Encourage Conservative Options First for Pain

The American Chiropractic Association (ACA) applauds the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for working to stem the nation's opioid overuse epidemic with its newly issued Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. ACA encourages patients and healthcare providers to first consider exhausting conservative forms of pain management before initiating higher-risk options such as opioids.