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Life

Law and Public Policy

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Trade, Manufacturing, Tariffs, Protectionism, Auto Industry, Automakers, Detroit, FIAT, GM, tax rates, Trump, FORD

Automakers Want Tax Credits, Not a Trade War

Science

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Circadian Rhythms, Jet Lag, Major League Baseball

Jet Lag Impairs Performance of Major League Baseball Players

A Northwestern University study of how jet lag affects Major League Baseball players traveling across just a few time zones found that when players travel in a way that misaligns their internal 24-hour clock with the natural environment and its cycle of sunlight, they suffer negative consequences. The researchers found that jet lag negatively affects the base running of home teams but not away teams and that home and away pitchers both give up more home runs when jet-lagged.

Science

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all electric bus fleet, Sustainability

Big Wheels in Motion

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Irvine, Calif., Jan. 23, 2017 – The University of California, Irvine is poised to be the first college campus in the nation to convert its buses to an all-electric fleet. The student-funded and -operated Anteater Express shuttle service is acquiring 20 buses from BYD (Build Your Dreams) for $15 million.The vehicles are being built at the company’s Lancaster plant to roll onto campus for the 2017-18 academic year, joining a hydrogen electric bus to provide more than 2 million pollution-free rides annually.

Science

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robot cars, driverless cars, Technological Development, Waymo, Tesla, Google

The Future Is Now for Robot Cars

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Driverless car expert Tim Chapin, interim dean of the College of Social Science and Public Policy at Florida State University and professor of urban and regional planning, believes that it may finally be time to start taking this technology seriously. Chapin, whose current research interests revolve around how Florida’s demographic trends influence urban patterns and transportation systems in the state, believes that forward thinking tech companies will be agents for dramatic change in an industry that, for decades, has been largely defined by slow and iterative progress.

Medicine

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Obesity, Aging, Car Safety, car safety testing, Obese, Driving, car fatalities, Car Crashes, Car Crash, Car Accident

Car Crash-Test Dummies Move Beyond Young, Thin and Male

Using medical data collected by trauma experts at the University of Michigan, elderly and obese dummies are being used to help car manufacturers create safer vehicles for today's drivers.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Jan-2017 8:00 AM EST

Medicine

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Crash Risk, Truck Driver

How Safe Is That Driver Next to You? A Trucker’s Poor Health Could Increase Crash Risk

As commuters shimmy past large, lumbering trucks on the road, they may glance over and wonder, “How safe is that driver next to me?” If the truck driver is in poor health, the answer could be: Not very. Commercial truck drivers with three or more medical conditions double to quadruple their chance for being in a crash than healthier drivers, reports a new study led by investigators at the University of Utah School of Medicine.

Science

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Autonomous Vehicles, driverless cars, waymo vehicles, ethics of autonomous vehicles, the moral machine

Expert on the Ethics That Drive Decisions by Autonomous Vehicles

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Science

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self-driving cars, Autonomous Driving , Waymo, Self-driving Minivans, Automotive, Ethics, Public Policy

Expert on the Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles Available for Comment on Stories, Including Those About Self-Driving Car Startup Waymo

Science

Business

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Research, Airlines, Air Travel

WVU Researcher Develops Methodology to Merge Operations of World’s Largest Airline Group

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Thanks to West Virginia University Teaching Assistant Professor Pete Gall, the problem of pilot integration when airlines merge may be coming to an end for the world’s largest airline group.

Science

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Anything to Declare?

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Scientists at Fermilab and CERN considered many options for delivering fragile components of the CMS detector to Geneva. Their answer? Buy a seat for the component on a commercial airline.

Science

Life

Education

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bus, Transport, Transportation, Public, Climate, Sweden, Stockholm, Buses, Public Transportation, Transit, public transit, Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Electricity, Innovation, Young Scientists, Emissions, Greenhouse Gases, CO2

Tool Helps Cities to Plan Electric Bus Routes, and Calculate the Benefits

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Researchers have developed a new tool for cities to optimize electric bus systems, which has now been used in Sweden’s first wireless charging bus system, launched in December.

Medicine

Science

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Drunk Driving, sobriety checkpoints, criminal penalties, DWI, Risk Perception, legal consequences

Police Sobriety Checkpoints Can Reduce Drunk Driving Better Than Increased Penalties

Driving while impaired (DWI) causes more than 10,000 deaths per year in the United States. Although enforcing criminal sanctions for DWI is the traditional response, the success of these measures has been inconsistent. This study looked at risk perceptions as a method of reducing the frequency of DWI - in other words, whether the threat of being apprehended for DWI can deter people from engaging in this behavior.

Medicine

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ignition interlock devices, Drunk Driving, Alcohol, Public Health

Ignition Interlock Laws Reduce Alcohol-Involved Fatal Crashes

State laws requiring ignition interlocks for all drunk driving offenders appear to reduce the number of fatal drunk driving crashes, a new study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Colorado School of Public Health researchers suggests.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Active Adults, Physical Activity, Transportation Infrastructure, active transportation

Voters Pass Active Transportation Ballots in Big Move Forward

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Raise your hand if you want children to be more active! What about the opportunity to access safer sidewalks and cycle paths so they can ride or walk to school? Americans in cities across the country all raised their hands this last election cycle to vote for change within their communities, giving their citizens the right to enjoy their city on foot, bicycle, skates, or any mode of active transportation they choose.

Science

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Toyota, Green Energy, Fellowship, Fellowship Award, Fellowship Grant, Fellowship Awards, Fellowship Programs, Fellowships For Women In Science Program, Energy, Renewable Energy, electric vehicle , Electric Vehicles (Ev), Electric Vehicles, Research, transportation research, Transportation, Carbon Dioxide

The Electrochemical Society with Toyota North America 2017-2018 ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowship for Projects in Green Energy Technology

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ECS, in partnership with the Toyota Research Institute of North America (TRINA), a division of Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA), is requesting proposals from young professors and scholars pursuing innovative electrochemical research in green energy technology.

Science

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Ceramic, Ceramics, ceramic composites, ceramic matric composites, Materials, Materials Science, Materials Science & Engineering, materials science engineering, Silicon Carbide, Department of Energy (DOE), Department Of Energy, GE Aviation, General Electric Global Research Center, General Electric, Aviation, Power, Electricity, Carbon Emissions, fuel mileage

Ceramic Matrix Composites Take Flight in LEAP Jet Engine

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A quarter-century ago, the Department of Energy began a program, led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to support U.S. development of ceramic matrix composites. In 2016 a new aircraft engine became the first widely deployed CMC-containing product.

Science

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New Study Estimates Frequency of Flight-Disrupting Volcanic Eruptions

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Holidaymakers concerned about fresh volcanic eruptions causing flight-disrupting ash clouds across Northern Europe might be reassured by a study setting out the first reliable estimates of their frequency

Business

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surge pricing, Ride Sharing

Study: While Painful, Surge Pricing Is Still a Good Deal

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New research from Washington University in St. Louis’s Olin Business School shows price hikes in ride-sharing services such as Uber and Lyft during peak use times, such as New Year’s Eve, can actually benefit both drivers and consumers.

Medicine

Channels:

Seth Blackshaw, Brain, Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, ScN, Fever, Jet Lag, Temperature

Here's Why You Don't Feel Jet-Lagged When You Run a Fever

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A clump of just a few thousand brain cells, no bigger than a mustard seed, controls the daily ebb and flow of most bodily processes in mammals -- sleep/wake cycles, most notably. Now, Johns Hopkins scientists report direct evidence in mice for how those cell clusters control sleep and relay light cues about night and day throughout the body.







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