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Does Social Status Affect Generosity?

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High-ranking people don't always turn out to be selfish jerks. It all depends on whether they feel worthy of their prominent social position, new research indicates.

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In Gauging and Correcting Errors, Brain Plays Confidence Game, New Research Shows

The confidence in our decision-making serves to both gauge errors and to revise our approach, New York University neuroscientists have found. Their study offers insights into the hierarchical nature of how we make choices over extended periods of time, ranging from medical diagnoses and treatment to the strategies we use to invest our money.

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New Study of Toddlers Sheds Light on Value of FaceTime Video Chat as Meaningful Interaction

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Working parents and grandparents who FaceTime with their toddlers can take heart from a soon-to-be-published study from Lafayette College that sheds new light that on young children and how they engage in—and learn from—screen-time interactions.

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Social Media Sites Obstruct Children’s Moral Development, Say Parents

The ‘parent poll’ carried out by a team at the Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues found that only 15% of parents thought that popular social media sites, such as Facebook, provided a positive influence on a young person’s character.

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Stand-Up Comics More Likely to Die Prematurely Than Film Comedians and Dramatic Actors

The world's best stand-up comedians - household names including Kevin Hart, Amy Schumer, Jimmy Fallon, Chris Rock, Jerry Seinfield, Ricky Gervais and Eddie Murphy - are more likely to die than comedic and dramatic screen and stage actors, according to a landmark study published in the International Journal of Cardiology

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Workplace Climate, Not Women's 'Nature,' Responsible for Gender-Based Job Stress

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A study by an Indiana University sociologist subjected both men and women to the negative social conditions that many women report experiencing in male-dominated occupations. The result: Men showed the same physiological stress response to the conditions as did women.

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Boredom Can Lead to More Extreme Political Views

Boredom may be contributing to a widening of political views among voters, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London and the University of Limerick.

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Think Talking on Your Hands-Free While Driving Is Safe? Think Again, Says New Research

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Driving while talking on a hands-free phone can be as distracting as talking on a hand-held mobile, psychologists at the University of Sussex say.

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A Gateway to Pan Exposed at Hippos

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Monumental Roman Gate Discovered at Sussita National Park, Following Discovery of Unique Mask of the God Pan. Expedition head Dr. Michael Eisenberg of the University of Haifa: “Now that the whole gate has been exposed, we not only have better information for dating the mask, but also a clue to its function. Are we looking at a gate that led to the sacred compound of the god Pan?”

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How Make-Up Makes Men Admire but Other Women Jealous

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A psychology study by the University of Stirling has found that men think women with make-up on are more ‘prestigious’, while women think women who wear make-up are more ‘dominant’.

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Parents, Especially Fathers, Play Key Role in Young Adults’ Health: Study

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A new University of Guelph study has found that parents, and especially fathers, play a vital role in developing healthy behaviours in young adults and helping to prevent obesity in their children. When it came to predicting whether a young male will become overweight or obese, the mother-son relationship mattered far less than the relationship between father and son.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 31-Jul-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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Intrusive Parents May Lead Children to Be Overly Self-Critical

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In a five-year study on primary school children in Singapore, researchers from the National University of Singapore found that children with intrusive parents had a higher tendency to be overly critical of themselves, and this tendency increased over the years.

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Research in Social Opinion Dynamics Sheds Light on Trump's Political Rise

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Scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute used mathematical models to investigate how opinions spread when there is unusual dissent or diversity, as was the case for much of the 2016 Republican primary season, which began with 17 candidates seeking the party’s nomination.

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New Research Casts Doubt Over Tale of Famous Brontë Dress

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Research by the University of Southampton has called into question a centuries-old story behind a dress that once belonged to one of the nation’s most beloved novelists – Charlotte Brontë.

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‘Map’ of Teenage Brain Provides Strong Evidence of Link Between Serious Antisocial Behaviour and Brain Development

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The brains of teenagers with serious antisocial behaviour problems differ significantly in structure to those of their peers, providing the clearest evidence to date that their behaviour stems from changes in brain development in early life, according to new research led by the University of Southampton and the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the University of Rome “Tor Vergata” in Italy.

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Why People Help Distant Kin

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Natural selection favors people who help close kin at their own expense: It can increase the odds the family’s genes are passed to future generations. But why assist distant relatives? Mathematical simulations by a University of Utah anthropologist suggest “socially enforced nepotism” encourages helping far-flung kin.

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Witnesses Can Catch Criminals by Smell

Move over sniffer dogs, people who witnessed a crime are able to identify criminals by their smell. Police lineups normally rely on sight, but nose-witnesses can be just as reliable as eye-witnesses, new research published in Frontiers in Psychology has found.

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Chivalry Is Not Dead When It Comes to Morality

We’re more likely to sacrifice a man than a woman when it comes to both saving the lives of others and in pursuing our self-interests, a team of psychology researchers has found.

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Will You Cast a Presidential Ballot on Nov. 8? UCI-Led Study Finds Questions Highly Effective in Influencing Behavior

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New study in the Journal of Consumer Psychology finds if people are asked a question – typically regarding a socially normative behavior – they are more likely to act consistently with the social norm than someone merely reminded or encouraged to engage in the behavior. Results could prove beneficial to presidential campaigns as candidates battle to get voters to the polls.