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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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art, University of Vienna, art taste, Social Factors, Michael Forster, Matthew Pelowski, individual taste of art, Value, Valuation, Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts

We Like What Experts Like - and What Is Expensive

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Whether Peter Paul Rubens or Damien Hirst – the personal taste of art can be argued. Scientists from the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Vienna have now shown that the individual taste of art is also dependent on social factors. The personal valuation of art was influenced by who else liked the work - or not. And even the value of a painting strengthened the subjective feeling of how much a work of art appeals to us. The study was recently published in the international journal "Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts".

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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marriage and volunteering, soul mates and marriage, soul mates, greediness, marital commitment

Wives with a 'Soul Mate' View of Marriage Are Less Likely to Volunteer and May Deter Husbands From Doing So, Too

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Wives who have a romantic view of marriage are less likely to do volunteer work, leading their husbands to volunteer less as well.

Life

Law and Public Policy

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Black-White Earnings Gap Returns to 1950 Levels

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After decades of progress, earnings gap between black and white men is back at 1950 levels.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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playboys, Women, men

Sexism May Be Harmful to Men’s Mental Health

Men who see themselves as playboys or as having power over women are more likely to have psychological problems than men who conform less to traditionally masculine norms, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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moralized rationality, Morality, Rationality, Moral Judgment, Intolerance, Psychology, Emotions, Religion, Behavior, Evolutionary Theory, Interpersonal Relationships

Reliance on Reason, Evidence as a Moral Issue Measured in Study

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While some people rely more on reason and evidence than others when deciding on their beliefs, a new report suggests people can also come to see a reliance on reason and evidence as a moral issue – to see the rationality of another's beliefs as indicative of their morality.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Gratitude, Thanksgiving, Holiday Shopping, Experiences, Behavior, Consumption, Consumers

Why Experiences Inspire More Gratitude than Stuff

People are more grateful for what they’ve done than what they have, and that gratitude can lead to greater generosity toward others, according to new research for University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

Science

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Brain, Neuroscience, Cognition, Facial Recognition, Gender Differences

Finally, a Type of Face That Men Recognize Better Than Women

A study using Barbies and Transformers finds that men are better at recognizing Transformer faces while women are better at recognizing Barbie faces, supporting the theory that experience plays an important role in facial recognition.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Dreams, Violence, Sex, Violent media

​Consuming Violent Media Linked to 13x Surge in Violent Dreams

The violent and sexual media you consume during the day may infiltrate your dreams at night, new research suggests. People who reported consuming violent media within 90 minutes of bedtime were 13 times more likely to have a violent dream that night.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Sibilings, Problem Behavior, Addiction, Psycholgy, Adolscents, Twins, Alcohol misuse, Substance Abuse, Delinquency, Behaivor, Teens

Does a ‘Bad’ Apple Spoil the Bunch? Study Shows How Problem Behaviors Spread in Siblings

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Siblings bear responsibility for the spread of problem behaviors. Identifying the exact nature of that influence has proven difficult, because behavior problems in siblings can also be traced to friends, shared genetics and shared experiences with parents. Evidence describing how problem behaviors spread between siblings has been scarce – until now, thanks to a first-of-its-kind longitudinal study on identical and fraternal twins.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mental Health, Mental Health and Climate Change, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Sunlight, Sunlight Exposure, Depression, Psychology, Physics, Statistics

Sunshine Matters a Lot to Mental Health; Temperature, Pollution, Rain Not So Much

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Sunshine matters. A lot. The idea isn’t exactly new, but according to a recent study, when it comes to your mental and emotional health, the amount of time between sunrise and sunset is the weather variable that matters most.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Politics, International, Authoritarianism

When Dictators Die, Stability Reigns

A dictator’s death rarely leads to regime change, according to a new study that comes as a fifth of the world’s authoritarian rulers are at least 70 years old and in various stages of declining health.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Orgasm, Vagina, clitoris, Sensation, Sexual Behavior

Women Have a Remarkable Variety of Orgasmic Experiences

A new review by Concordia researchers published in Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology details the vast potential women have to experience orgasms from one or more sources of sensory input.

Life

Education

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Education, Early Childhood, Self-Control, Psychology, Development

Many Kids Not Ready for Kindergarten

Many children are still learning to control their behavior as they enter kindergarten and may need educational support to develop that critical skill, indicates one of the most conclusive studies to date of early childhood self-regulation.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Masculinity, Seniors, men

Older Men Cling to 1950’s, ’60’s Blueprint of Masculinity

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Study: Older men adhere closely to an idealized masculinity script that is incompatible with the realities of later life

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Televiewing Predicts Social Impairment During Adolescence

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Results of new study led by Linda Pagani, professor at the University of Montreal’s School of Psychoeducation, show that young children who watch too much television are at risk of victimization and social isolation and adopting violent and antisocial behaviour toward other students at age 13.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Children, time spent with children, Parents

Today’s Parents Spend More Time with Their Kids Than Moms and Dads Did 50 Years Ago

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Guilt-ridden busy moms and dads take heart: Mothers – and fathers – across most Western countries are spending more time with their children than parents did in the mid-’60s, according to a University of California, Irvine study. And time spent with kids is highest among better-educated parents – a finding that somewhat surprised study co-author Judith Treas, UCI Chancellor’s Professor of sociology.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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A New Angle on Anxiety

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Surprising findings specific brain cells as the key target

Life

Business

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Women, PAY, Equality, Career

New Study Suggests Women Do Ask for Pay Rises but Don’t Get Them

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New research from the Cass Business School, the University of Warwick and the University of Wisconsin shows that women ask for wage rises just as often as men, but men are 25 per cent more likely to get a raise when they ask.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Behavior, Demography, History, Political Science, Social And Behavioral Sciences

New UMN Study: America's Wars Take Uneven Toll

In today's wars, Americans who die or are wounded in battle are disproportionately coming from poorer parts of the country, according to a new study released this week.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Southern, Accent, southern accent, Linguistics, speech and language, Speech

What Makes Southerners Sound Southern?

Linguistic researchers will be isolating and identifying the specific variations in speech that make Southerners sound Southern.







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