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Science

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Pangolins in Trouble, Cash for Carbon, Flood Forecasting, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

Science

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Saliva, Molecular Biology, Evolution Biology, Hominids, Protein, MUC7, Sub-Saharan Africa, Neanderthal, Denisovan, homo erectus, oral microbiome

In Saliva, Clues to a ‘Ghost’ Species of Ancient Human

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In saliva, scientists have found hints that a “ghost” species of archaic humans may have contributed genetic material to ancestors of people living in Sub-Saharan Africa today. The research adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting that sexual rendezvous between different archaic human species may not have been unusual.

Science

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Microbiology, Microbes, Disease, Cancer, Oceanogaphy

Grant Supports Deep Dive Into Microbes

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University of Delaware researchers have been awarded a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation that will be used to study how microbe genes get toggled off or on. This research is a major driver of precision medicine and its personalized treatments for diseases in humans today.

Medicine

Science

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Microbiome, Brain Development, Biological Psychiatry, baby

In Baby's Dirty Diapers, the Clues to Baby's Brain Development

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Can the kinds of microbes colonizing the gut at age 1 predict later cognitive development? Findings from the UNC School of Medicine shed light on the surprising role of bacteria in how our brains develop during the first years of life.

Medicine

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C. Difficile, Clostridia, Hospital-acquired condition, c. diff, Calcium, Intestinal Bacteria, Spores

Could Calcium Hold the Key to Fighting a Dangerous Hospital Infection?

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It lurks in hospitals and nursing homes, preying upon patients already weak from disease or advanced age. It kills nearly 30,000 Americans a year, and sickens half a million more. But new research shows that Clostridium difficile bacteria can’t do this without enough of a humble nutrient: calcium. That new knowledge may lead to better treatments.

Medicine

Science

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eye, Pathogen, Immune Cells, Infection, ocular microbiome, Lysozyme, Eyelids, Conjunctiva, ocular infection, Fungus, corneal infection, C. mast, Commensal Bacteria, mice, Immunity, Microbiome

Eye Microbiome Trains Immune Cells to Fend Off Pathogens in Mice

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Bugs in your eyes may be a good thing. Resident microbes living on the eye are essential for immune responses that protect the eye from infection, new research shows. The study, which appears in the journal Immunity on July 11, demonstrates the existence of a resident ocular microbiome that trains the developing immune system to fend off pathogens. The research was conducted at the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health.

Medicine

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IBD, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Colitis, Microbiome, Antibiotics

Antibiotics Taken Late in Pregnancy Can Increase Risk for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in Offspring

A study by researchers at the University of Chicago Medicine shows that when mice that are genetically susceptible to developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were given antibiotics during late pregnancy and the early nursing period, their offspring were more likely to develop an inflammatory condition of the colon that resembles human IBD.

Medicine

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PPI, Proton Pump Inhibitor

Popular Heartburn Drugs Linked to Higher Death Risk

Millions of U.S. residents take proton pump inhibitors which are widely prescribed to treat heartburn, ulcers and other gastrointestinal problems. Now, a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that long-term use of the popular drugs carries an increased risk of death.

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Life

Law and Public Policy

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Central African Republic's Wildlife in Danger, Killer Whales, Urgent Need in India, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

Medicine

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Gastroenterolgy, C Difficile, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), Antibiotics, Colon, American Gastroenterological Association

Cases of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection Are Soaring

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Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found evidence that the most difficult C. difficile cases, known as multiple recurring C. difficile infections (mrCDI), are rapidly becoming more common.







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