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A 'Nudge' Reduces Doctors' Unnecessary Antibiotic Prescription, Study Finds

Behavioral interventions that appealed to doctors' competitive spirits and desire to strengthen their reputations motivated them to significantly reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions, a new study shows.

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GW Researcher Tests New Method for Rapid Detection of Infection in Wounds

A new method for detection of infection in wounds could take physicians less than a minute to complete, rather than the current 24 hours it takes for diagnosis, according to research by the George Washington University’s Victoria Shanmugam, M.D.

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E-Cigarette Vapor Boosts Superbugs and Dampens Immune System

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Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System report data suggesting that e-cigarettes are toxic to human airway cells, suppress immune defenses and alter inflammation, while at the same time boosting bacterial virulence. The mouse study is published January 25 by the Journal of Molecular Medicine.

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Under the Weather? A Blood Test Can Tell If Antibiotics Are Needed

Researchers at Duke Health are fine-tuning a test that can determine whether a respiratory illness is caused by infection from a virus or bacteria so that antibiotics can be more precisely prescribed.

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Scientists Take Steps to Make Weak TB Drugs Strong Again

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Biophysicists have discovered why the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB) are naturally somewhat resistant to antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. Their findings also suggest how drug developers can make fluoroquinolones more efficacious against mutations that make the lung disease drug resistant.

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Light-Activated Nanoparticles Prove Effective Against Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbugs'

In the ever-escalating evolutionary battle with drug-resistant bacteria, humans may soon have a leg up thanks to adaptive, light-activated nanotherapy developed by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.

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Two-for-One Bacterial Virulence Factor Revealed

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Given that antibiotics are losing effectiveness faster than replacements are being found, Washington University in St. Louis chemist Timothy Wencewicz suggests we try a new approach. Drugs that hobble the production of virulence factors, small molecules that help bacteria to establish an infection in a host, would put much less selective pressure on bacteria and delay the evolution of resistance. In the journal Infectious Diseases, he describes recent work on a target virulence factor.

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Lifestyle Switching -- Bacillus cereus Is Able to Resist Certain Antibiotic Therapies

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The bacterium B. cereus had so far been considered to be exclusively endospore-forming. In response to harsh conditions, the bacteria form protective endospores enabling them to remain dormant for extended periods. When conditions are more favourable, the endospores reactivate to become fully functioning bacteria.

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Superbug Colony Behaviours Revealed in Time Lapse Video

A well-known ‘superbug’ which was thought to have been a static or non-motile organism has been observed showing signs of active motility by scientists at The Universities of Nottingham and Sheffield.

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Georgetown Researcher Leads Effort to Decode Anti-Malarial Drug Resistance

Even as the global malarial pandemic appears to be on a decline, drug resistant malarial parasites are on the rise, says an infectious disease researcher at Georgetown University Medical Center, who is taking the lead on a multi-institutional effort to investigate the causes of this growing concern.

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The Leonard C. Goodman Institute for Investigative Reporting Is Now Accepting Submissions

The deadline for this round of proposals is January 15, 2016. Candidates will be notified of decisions by the end of February 2016. The Institute pays a competitive rate--and covers expenses--for investigative reporting that advances social and economic justice. All stories are published in In These Times magazine and on InTheseTimes.com.

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Top Stories 11 Dec 2015; New Forensic Science Breakthroughs, Breast Cancer Treatment Difference by Age, Racial Disparities in Dialysis, and More...

Click to view today's top stories.

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Promising New Antimicrobials Could Fight Drug-Resistant MRSA Infection, Study Finds

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A novel class of antimicrobials that inhibits the function of a key disease-causing component of bacteria could be effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the major drug-resistant bacterial pathogens, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

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Researchers Assess Use of Drug-Susceptible Parasites to Fight Drug Resistance

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Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed a model for evaluating a potential new strategy in the fight against drug-resistant diseases. The strategy would take advantage of parasite refugia—host populations that have not been treated with drugs, thereby serving as “safe zones” where parasites don’t develop drug resistance.

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U.S. Pediatricians Warn That Antibiotics in Animal Feed May Endanger Children

A report by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) warns that the widespread practice of giving antibiotics to livestock for growth promotion and the prevention of disease among animals in agriculture is making the drugs ineffective when they are needed to treat infections in people.

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Stony Brook Children’s Hospital Expert Shares Tips with Parents on When to Use Antibiotics and When At-Home Remedies May Do the Trick

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The CDC’s Get Smart campaign involves a number of initiatives to prevent antibiotic resistance, manage existing antibiotics to preserve their effectiveness and help healthcare providers and families understand when prescribing an antibiotic is appropriate — and when it is not.

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Child with Drug-Resistant TB Successfully Treated at Johns Hopkins Children's Center

Johns Hopkins Children’s Center specialists report they have successfully treated and put in remission a 2-year-old, now age 5, with a highly virulent form of tuberculosis known as XDR TB, or extensively drug-resistant TB.

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GW Experts Available for Comment on Threat From Antibiotic Resistance

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New Research Raises Questions About Using Certain Antibiotics to Treat “Superbug” MRSA

New Research in Cell Host & Microbe Indicates Commonly Prescribed Antibiotic Could Potentially Worsen Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

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American Cleaning Institute Urges FDA to Preserve Critical Healthcare Antibacterial Products, Ingredients

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The American Cleaning Institute® (ACI) urged the Food and Drug Administration to re-evaluate all data relevant to the safety and efficacy of antibacterial health care ingredients and make affirmative findings that they are generally recognized as safe and effective. ACI submitted detailed comments to FDA on the agency’s proposed rules governing over-the-counter antiseptic healthcare products.