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Article ID: 706651

Financial stress linked to heart disease risk among African Americans

Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Boston, MA -- Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S., and African Americans are disproportionately affected. Prior studies have investigated how limited access to material resources due to financial hardship may influence health, but the association between that stress caused by financial hardship and coronary heart disease in African Americans has not previously been examined.

17-Jan-2019 11:40 AM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    15-Jan-2019 2:00 PM EST

Article ID: 706154

Back to the future with CD4 testing: improving HIV care in low- and middle-income countries


A practical resource-based public health approach for the rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals living in low- and middle-income countries could save thousands of lives, according to an Essay published January 15 in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine by Mark Tenforde of the University of Washington School of Medicine, and colleagues.

8-Jan-2019 2:00 PM EST

Article ID: 706426

GPs prescribe more opioids for pain in poor Northern areas, study reveals

University of Manchester

English patients living in poorer areas are likely to be prescribed more opioids by their GPs, according to a study led by the University of Manchester and University of Nottingham researchers. The research also shows how smoking, obesity and depression are all associated with more prescribing of the drugs for problems such as lower back pain and arthritis.

14-Jan-2019 12:55 PM EST

Article ID: 706101

Older People Who Use Hearing Aids Still Report Hearing Challenges

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A high proportion of older people with hearing aids, especially those with lower incomes, report having trouble hearing and difficulty accessing hearing care services, according to a study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

7-Jan-2019 4:00 PM EST

Article ID: 705484

Hospitalizations for homeless individuals are on the rise

Brigham and Women’s Hospital

A homeless individual is one who lacks fixed and reliable housing, and it is estimated that 553,000 people fit that description on any given night in the United States. A new retrospective cohort study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center examines patterns, causes and outcomes of acute hospitalizations between 2007 and 2013 for homeless individuals and non-homeless control groups in three populous and diverse U.S. states: Florida, California and Massachusetts. Data suggest a rise in acute hospital use among homeless individuals for mental illness and substance use disorder. The results were published in the journal Medical Care on Dec. 11.

14-Dec-2018 11:25 AM EST

Article ID: 705283

Eligibility Criteria Unfairly Limit Minorities’ Access to Hip and Knee Replacement Surgeries

Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a study of medical records pulled from a national database, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have found that underrepresented populations are less likely than others to be eligible for hip or knee replacement surgeries because they do not meet certain rigid—and in their opinion unfairly applied—hospital requirements for surgery, such as weight, blood sugar and tobacco use limits. Such cutoffs, say the researchers, designed to lower costs and in some cases complications, deny minority and lower income groups access to treatments that would improve their quality of life.

12-Dec-2018 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 705281

Pregnant Women, Young Children Most Likely To Use Bed Nets To Prevent Malaria

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

When households in sub-Saharan Africa don’t have an adequate number of insecticide-treated bed nets, pregnant women and children under five are the most likely family members to sleep under the ones they have, leaving men and school-aged children more exposed to malaria, new Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP) research suggests.

11-Dec-2018 3:40 PM EST

Article ID: 704912

Emergency financial assistance reduces homeless shelter entry and violent crime

University of Notre Dame

A new study conducted by researchers at the Wilson Sheehan Lab for Economic Opportunities at Notre Dame shows that emergency financial assistance for people facing homelessness not only reduces shelter entry, but also reduces criminal behavior.

4-Dec-2018 3:05 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    20-Nov-2018 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 704165

Being Fair: The Benefits of Early Child Education

Universite de Montreal

Getting a jump on a low-income child’s education can have a positive effect on social behavior even 40 years later, researchers find.

16-Nov-2018 4:15 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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