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Newswise: UCI researchers identify a connection between early life adversity and opioid addiction

UCI researchers identify a connection between early life adversity and opioid addiction

University of California, Irvine

Individuals with a history of early life adversity (ELA) are disproportionately prone to opioid addiction. A new UCI-led study reveals why. Published in Molecular Psychiatry, the study titled, “On the early life origins of vulnerability to opioid addiction,” examines how early adversities interact with factors such as increased access to opioids to directly influence brain development and function, causing a higher potential for opioid addiction.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Genetics, Mental Health, Psychology and Psychiatry, Substance Abuse, Neuro, Staff Picks,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 2:25 PM EST
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Opioid Dependence Found to Permanently Change Brains of Rats

University of California San Diego Health

Approximately one-quarter of patients who are prescribed opioids for chronic pain misuse them, with five to 10 percent developing an opioid use disorder or addiction. In a new study, UC San Diego researchers found that opioid dependence produced permanent changes in the brains of rats.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Mental Health, Neuro, Pain, Psychology and Psychiatry, Substance Abuse, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), PNAS, Staff Picks,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 1:05 PM EST
Research Results
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Advanced Practice Registered Nurses to Have a Greater Role in National Response to Opioid Epidemic

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

As we enter a new year and a new decade, many states have enacted legislation affecting the roles of advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) in terms of practice authority, reimbursement, and prescriptive authority, according to the 32nd Annual Legislative Update in the January issue of The Nurse Practitioner, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Government/Law, Healthcare, Nursing, Pain, Patient Safety, Substance Abuse,

Released:
24-Jan-2020 12:45 PM EST
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Law and Public Policy

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For Low Back Pain in Older Adults, Treatment Doesn’t Match Guidelines

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Many Medicare patients with new episodes of low back pain receive care inconsistent with current guidelines – including high use of opioids and advanced imaging tests, reports a study in the February issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Channels: Aging, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Healthcare, Pain, Patient Safety, All Journal News,

Released:
23-Jan-2020 11:05 AM EST
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Program reduces narcotic prescriptions after surgery with over-the-counter pain medicine

Houston Methodist

Surgeons at Houston Methodist Hospital are stemming the tide of addiction to prescription opioids by managing patients’ pain after surgery. By using long-acting local anesthetics at the site of surgery and scheduled non-narcotic pain medicine, they decreased opioid prescriptions from 87% to 10% after surgery.

Channels: Addiction, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals, Substance Abuse, All Journal News,

Released:
22-Jan-2020 8:00 AM EST
Research Results
Newswise: Most Youths Surviving Opioid Overdose Not Getting Timely Treatment to Avoid Recurrence

Most Youths Surviving Opioid Overdose Not Getting Timely Treatment to Avoid Recurrence

Johns Hopkins Medicine

A study of more than 4 million Medicaid claims records during a recent seven-year period concludes that less than a third of the nearly 3,800 U.S. adolescents and young adults who experienced a nonfatal opioid overdose got timely (within 30 days) follow-up addiction treatment to curb or prevent future misuse and reduce the risk of a second overdose.

Channels: Addiction, All Journal News, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Pharmaceuticals, Children's Health, JAMA,

Released:
16-Jan-2020 11:00 AM EST
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Research Results

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: Epidemic levels of chronic pain, opioid use disorder add to challenges of managing patients in pain

Epidemic levels of chronic pain, opioid use disorder add to challenges of managing patients in pain

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

A series of seven articles in AACN Advanced Critical Care focuses on the challenges of safe, effective pain management in the ICU, including more Americans reporting daily chronic pain and the rapidly increasing prevalence of opioid misuse and opioid use disorder.

Channels: All Journal News, Addiction, Drugs and Drug Abuse, Healthcare, Pain, Substance Abuse,

Released:
14-Jan-2020 9:50 AM EST
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