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Race Issues/Disparities

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In Joslin Trial, Asian Americans Lower Insulin Resistance on Traditional Diet

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Why are Asian Americans at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than Caucasian Americans, and prone to develop the disease at lower body weights? One part of this puzzle may lie in the transition from traditional high-fiber, low-fat Asian diets to current westernized diets, which may pose extra risks for those of Asian heritage, says George King, M.D., Senior Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer at Joslin Diabetes Center and the senior author of the study.

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For Racially Diverse Patients with Disabilities, Increased Barriers to Health Care

It's well established that Americans with disabilities and those in underserved racial/ethnic groups face significant disparities in access to health care. Now, researchers are beginning to examine the unique patterns of health care inequalities experienced by racially and ethnically diverse patients with disabilities, according to a special October supplement to Medical Care. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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Puerto Ricans Who Inject Drugs, both in the Northeast U.S. and in Puerto Rico, Among Latinos at Highest Risk of Contracting HIV

The study, “Addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic among Puerto Rican people who inject drugs: the Need for a Multi-Region Approach,” published in the American Journal of Public Health (on-line ahead of print, September 11, 2014) described the epidemic and the availability of HIV prevention and treatment programs in areas with a high concentration of Puerto Ricans, in order to provide recommendations to reduce HIV in the population.

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When Talking About Body Size, African American Women & Doctors May Be Speaking Different Languages

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African American women and their female children have the highest obesity prevalence of any demographic group and are more likely to underestimate their body weight than white women. Yet, according to new research from Rush University Medical Center, cultural norms for body size may prevent awareness among many African American women about the potential health benefits they and others in their cultural group might achieve through weight loss.

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Sickle Cell Disease Patients Are Less Likely to Follow Physician Recommendations When They Perceive Discrimination, Study Finds

A Johns Hopkins Sickle Cell Disease researcher and patient led a study of other Sickle Cell patients and the connection between their adherence to medical advice and their perceived discrimination by the healthcare system.

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Poverty, Not Bias, Explains Racial/Ethnic Differences in Child Abuse

Poverty—rather than biased reporting—seems to account for the higher rates of child abuse and neglect among black children, reports a study in the September Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

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African American Women Receive Less Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy

Dartmouth researchers have found that African American women are 55 percent less likely to receive breast reconstruction after mastectomy regardless of where they received their care. They report on their findings in “The influence of race/ethnicity and place of service on breast reconstruction for Medicare beneficiaries with mastectomy,” recently published in SpringerPlus.

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Disparities Persist in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Treatment

Despite its acceptance as standard of care for early stage breast cancer almost 25 years ago, barriers still exist that preclude patients from receiving breast conserving therapy (BCT), with some still opting for a mastectomy, according to research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

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Racial and Ethnic Stereotypes May Contribute to Obesity Among Minorities

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For members of minority groups, maintaining a healthy weight can be especially difficult according to new research led by Luis Rivera, an experimental social psychologist at Rutgers University-Newark. Rivera says it is common for minorities in the United States to endure negative stereotypes, pervasive messages that suggest those groups are inferior, and that these attitudes can prevent people from doing what is needed to care for their health.

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Legal Expert Available to Discuss Michael Brown Shooting

Dr. Laura McNeal, assistant law professor at the University of Louisville and legal fellow at Charles Hamilton Houston Institute at Harvard Law School is available to offer legal insight surrounding the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO.

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