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C-Section Deliveries Associated with High Household Income, Few Minorities, Below-Average Education

Embargoed research from APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting and Exposition, Nov. 15-19

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AP-NORC Releases New Analysis of Hispanics’ Experiences with Long-Term Care

The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has released an issue brief containing results of a survey about Hispanics’ experiences with long-term care in the United States. The issue brief provides new data on how Hispanics age 40 and older are, or are not, planning for long-term care, details how their experiences compare to those of non-Hispanics, and highlights ways in which demographic differences among Hispanics affect their experiences.

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Race, Hospital, Insurance Status All Factors in How Lung Cancer Is Treated

African Americans, Hispanics, and those who receive care at a community hospital are all significantly less likely than other patients to receive treatment for early stage non-small cell lung cancer, according to a report in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

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No Racial Disparities Observed in Development of Atrial Fibrillation Among Heart Failure Patients, According to Penn Medicine Study

lack patients who have been diagnosed with heart failure are no less likely than white patients to get atrial fibrillation (an irregular heartbeat, or arrhythmia), according to a new study led by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, which was presented today at the 2014 Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association. These findings run counter to previous studies, which have found that black patients with heart failure tend to have less atrial fibrillation problems than white patients.

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Are Ear Infections Overtreated in White Children?

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Black children are less likely to be diagnosed with and less likely to receive broad-spectrum antibiotics for ear infections than white children are, a new study has found. But the discrepancy in prescribing fewer broad-spectrum antibiotics means black children actually are more likely to receive care that aligns with the recommended guidelines for treating ear infections. Possible behaviors explaining the trend are overdiagnosis and overtreatment in white children and underdiagnosis and undertreatment in black children. The report appears in Pediatrics online on November 17, 2014.

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Access to Specialized Kidney Care Varies by Geographic Area and Race

Patients’ access to specialized care before kidney failure develops varies significantly across the United States and among different racial groups.

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‘Long Tail’ Thinking Can Help Eliminate Health Disparities

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“Long tail” thinking in public health might yield greater progress in eliminating health disparities, according to a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

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Study Finds No Increase in Pregnancy-Related Death for African American Women

In contrast to national trends, a study performed at Alabama's largest hospital finds no racial difference in the risk of pregnancy-related death between African American and Caucasian women, reports the November issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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Largest Study of Hispanics/Latinos Finds Depression and Anxiety Rates Vary Widely Among Groups

Rates of depression and anxiety vary widely among different segments of the U.S. Hispanic and Latino population, with the highest prevalence of depressive symptoms in Puerto Ricans, according to a new report from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The researchers’ findings also suggest that depression and anxiety may be undertreated among Hispanics and Latinos, particularly if they are uninsured. The study was published online in Annals of Epidemiology.

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Recent Kidney Policy Changes Have Not Created Racial Disparities in Care

• After the implementation of a new payment system for kidney failure care and changes to dosing guidelines for anemia drugs, there were no meaningful differences by race regarding changes in management practices or laboratory measures among dialysis patients.

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