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‘Long Tail’ Thinking Can Help Eliminate Health Disparities

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“Long tail” thinking in public health might yield greater progress in eliminating health disparities, according to a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 15-Nov-2014 10:30 AM EST

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Study Finds No Increase in Pregnancy-Related Death for African American Women

In contrast to national trends, a study performed at Alabama's largest hospital finds no racial difference in the risk of pregnancy-related death between African American and Caucasian women, reports the November issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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Largest Study of Hispanics/Latinos Finds Depression and Anxiety Rates Vary Widely Among Groups

Rates of depression and anxiety vary widely among different segments of the U.S. Hispanic and Latino population, with the highest prevalence of depressive symptoms in Puerto Ricans, according to a new report from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The researchers’ findings also suggest that depression and anxiety may be undertreated among Hispanics and Latinos, particularly if they are uninsured. The study was published online in Annals of Epidemiology.

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Recent Kidney Policy Changes Have Not Created Racial Disparities in Care

• After the implementation of a new payment system for kidney failure care and changes to dosing guidelines for anemia drugs, there were no meaningful differences by race regarding changes in management practices or laboratory measures among dialysis patients.

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Non-Citizens Face Harsher Sentencing Than Citizens in U.S. Criminal Courts

Non-Americans in the U.S. federal court system are more likely to be sentenced to prison and for longer terms compared to U.S. citizens, according to a new study.

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Better Nursing Resources for Critically Ill Babies Could Improve Health of 7 out of 10 Black Preemies

In the first study of its kind about critically ill infants, a University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing investigation shows that an insufficient number of nurses and poor work environments are associated with poorer health of infants born in hospitals that care for disproportionately many black infants.

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Higher Risk of Heart Disease for South Asians in Canada

Findings emphasize the need to develop a standardized surveillance system for non-communicable diseases, such as CVD, cancer and lung diseases, by ethnic group in Canada

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Nursing Improvements Could Boost Outcomes for Underweight Black Newborns

An interprofessional study co-led by Jeannette Rogowski of Rutgers School of Public Health and Eileen Lake of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, has found that greater nurse understaffing and worse practice environments at hospitals with higher concentrations of black patients contributed to adverse outcomes for very low birth weight infants.

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In Joslin Trial, Asian Americans Lower Insulin Resistance on Traditional Diet

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Why are Asian Americans at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than Caucasian Americans, and prone to develop the disease at lower body weights? One part of this puzzle may lie in the transition from traditional high-fiber, low-fat Asian diets to current westernized diets, which may pose extra risks for those of Asian heritage, says George King, M.D., Senior Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer at Joslin Diabetes Center and the senior author of the study.

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