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Life

Education

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Racial Inequality, minorities and education, educational achievement, Public Schools, voter indifference, school board accountability, No Child Left Behind, Racial Diversity, Hispanic Students, white students, African-American students, racial achievement gap, voters and education, Baylor University, Boston College, Gaullup Organization, Phi Delta Kappa

Voters Reward — or Punish — Incumbent School Board Members Based on White Students’ Achievement, Not That of Hispanics and African-Americans

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Voters reward or punish incumbent school board members based on the achievement of white students in their district, while outcomes for African-American and Hispanic students get relatively little attention at the ballot box, according to a study co-authored by a Baylor University scholar.

Life

Education

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Enrollment, Enrollment Data, Enrollment Demographics, Higher Ed, Higher Education, Texas Tech University, Red Raiders, Hispanic, Hispanic serving institution, HSI, Hispanic-Serving Institution, Hispanic-Serving Institutions, Department Of Education, Texas, data, Demograhics, Demographic Data, undergraduate admissions, undergraduate enrollment, Demography

Texas Tech Meets Enrollment Criteria to Qualify as Hispanic-Serving Institution

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With a record enrollment of Hispanic undergraduate students during fall 2017, Texas Tech University has met the enrollment criteria to be recognized as a Hispanic-Serving Institution (HSI) by the U.S. Department of Education. This fall marks the first time the undergraduate student body has surpassed 30,000 students, with 30,759 undergraduates enrolled.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Race And Ethnicity, Psychology, microaggression

Offhand Comments Can Expose Underlying Racism, UW Study Finds

A University of Washington-led study finds that whites who commit microaggressions--everyday comments that can offend racial and ethnic minorities--are more likely to harbor negative attitudes toward blacks.

Medicine

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Study Adds to Evidence That Racial and Economic Factors Affect Surgical Pain Management

A “look back” analysis of more than 600 major colorectal surgeries using a “checklist” tool has added further evidence that racial and socioeconomic disparities may occur during many specific stages of surgical care, particularly in pain management. A report of the study’s findings by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, published Sept. 11 in Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, documents the specific ways in which historically disadvantaged populations receive less optimal pain management and are placed on “enhanced recovery” protocols later than their wealthier and white counterparts.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Segregation, housing segregation, Health, Longevity, Minorities

​Segregation’s Unexpected Link with Black Health in History

Racial housing segregation had some unexpected relationships with how long both blacks and whites lived historically in the United States, a new study suggests.

Medicine

Channels:

Heart Disease, Cardiology, Family History, heart attacks, Research, Ut Southwestern

South Asians with Family History of Heart Disease at Greater Risk

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New research by UT Southwestern cardiologists shows that people of South Asian descent with a family history of coronary heart disease are significantly more likely to have high levels of calcium buildup in their arteries – an indicator of higher risk for heart attacks.

Medicine

Channels:

Children, Antibiotics, Emergency Department (ED), Racial and Ethnic Differences

White Children More Likely to Get Unnecessary Antibiotics in Pediatric Emergency Departments

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White children with viral diagnoses treated in pediatric emergency departments were up to twice as likely to receive antibiotics compared to minority children, according to a study published in Pediatrics. Although viral respiratory tract infections do not warrant antibiotic treatment, antibiotics were prescribed for these illnesses to 4.3 percent of white, 1.9 percent of black and 2.6 percent of Hispanic children.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Cardiac Arrest, CPR, Defibrillation, AED, Bystander CPR, Racial Disparities

Cardiac Arrests in Black Neighborhoods Less Likely to get CPR, Defibrillation

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Compared to people who live in predominantly white neighborhoods, those who live in predominantly black areas are much less likely to receive CPR or defibrillation from a bystander when their heart suddenly stops beating while they are at home or out in the community.

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Racism, Discrimination, Policing, Stereotype, Profiling, police departments, Psychology, Skin Color, Diversity

Dark-Skinned Whites Arrested More Than Those with Lighter Skin

A Cornell University study found that black men, no matter how dark or light their skin, get arrested at the same rate, but darker-skinned white men are more likely to be arrested than those with lighter skin.

Medicine

Science

Channels:

age of first drink, early drinking, Alcohol Use Disorder, Ethnicity, alcohol and ethnicity, ALDH2*2, genetics and addiction, Korean American, Chinese American, European ancestry

Genetics and Ethnicity Can Influence Pathway between Early Drinking and Alcohol Use Disorders

Studies have shown that an early age of drinking initiation (ADI) increases the chance of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD). There is limited evidence that ADI differs across ethnic groups. This study examined whether the pathway from ADI to AUD symptoms by early adulthood is influenced by two factors: ethnicity and having the alcohol metabolizing gene variant allele, ALDH2*2. This allele produces an inactive enzyme that leads to higher levels of acetaldehyde during alcohol metabolism, which are associated with unpleasant effects after drinking alcohol and a decreased risk for an AUD.







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