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Medicine

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Emergency Medicine, opioid abuse, Opioid Epidemic, Prescription Drug Abuse, Behavioral Economics, health incentives, nudges, Penn Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, electronic medical record (EMR), Addiction

Default Setting in Electronic Medical Records “Nudged” Emergency Department Physicians to Limit Opioid Prescriptions to 10 Tablets

For patients who have never been prescribed opioids, larger numbers of tablets given with the initial prescription is associated with long-term use and more tablets leftover that could be diverted for misuse or abuse. Implementing a default option for a lower quantity of tablets in the electronic medical records (EMR) discharge orders may help combat the issue by “nudging” physicians to prescribe smaller quantities consistent with prescribing guidelines Penn Medicine researchers show in a new study published this week in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Medicine

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american association for clinical chemistry, Aacc, Laboratory Medicine, Drug Testing, laboratory testing, urine drug testing, Opioid Epidemic, opioid overdoses , Opioid Addiction, pre

AACC Releases Practice Guidelines for Using Laboratory Drug Tests to Combat Opioid Addiction, Overdoses

WASHINGTON – AACC has issued a new guideline detailing how healthcare providers can use laboratory tests to manage treatment of pain and prevent prescription drug overdoses. Especially relevant in light of the worsening opioid epidemic, the guideline emphasizes increased collaboration between clinicians and laboratory experts as well as the use of more precise drug tests as key to identifying pain patients who are abusing their opioid prescriptions.

Medicine

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Cocaine Abuse

Mount Sinai Researchers Identify Protein Involved in Cocaine Addiction

Mount Sinai researchers have identified a protein produced by the immune system—granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)—that could be responsible for the development of cocaine addiction.

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Youth Using Alternative Tobacco Products Are More Likely to Smoke 1 Year Later

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Nonsmoking adolescents who use e-cigarettes, smokeless tobacco or tobacco water pipes are more likely to start smoking conventional cigarettes within a year, according to new research by UC San Francisco.

Medicine

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Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Abrams, NYU, NYU College of Global Public Health, Harm minimization, harm reduction, Tobacco, New York University

Do Less Harm: E-Cigarettes a Safer Option Than Smoking

A new article publishing in the forthcoming volume of the Annual Review of Public Health focuses on harm minimization and smoking cessation, with alternative nicotine products like e-cigarettes emerging as a promising avenue for people who want to quit smoking.

Medicine

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Michael A. Kelly, M.D., Hackensack Meridian Health, Hackensack University Medical Center, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, opioid after surgery, opioid alternatives

Hackensack University Medical Center Participates in National Conference on Pharmaceutical and Chemical Diversion

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Michael A. Kelly, M.D., chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine and chair, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center, was a featured presenter at the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Diversion Control Division, 23rd National Conference on Pharmaceutical and Chemical Diversion

Medicine

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Suicide, Drug Overdose, Opioid Abuse Epidemic, suicide accounting

New Study Led by Public Health Researcher Finds ‘Suicides by Drugs’ Profoundly Undercounted in the United States

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the suicide rate in the United States increased by 34 percent between 2000 and 2016. While that rate seems high, a team of researchers led by a West Virginia University faculty member believes it is seriously underestimated.

Medicine

Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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smartphone addiction, new media education

Smartphone Addiction vs. The Benefits of New Media

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CDUHR, Drug Use, Drug Abuse, Sex, Alcohol, Marijuana, MDMA, Molly, Ecstasy

Young Adults Report Differing Sexual Effects From Alcohol, Marijuana, and Ecstasy

Alcohol, marijuana, and ecstasy each have very different sexual effects, from attraction and desire to sensitivity to sexual dysfunction, finds a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Meyers College of Nursing.

Medicine

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Crime, Urban Affairs, Minorites, Alcohol, Marijuana, communities of color, Inner City, Violence, Tobacco

Tobacco Shops Associated With Crime in Urban Communities of Color

Tobacco shops, also known as smoke shops, may represent potential “nuisance properties” in urban communities of color, a study led by a researcher at the University of California, Riverside has found. Nuisance properties are properties where unsafe activities affecting public health and safety occur repeatedly. Past research has shown that alcohol outlets such as liquor or corner stores may promote nuisance activities like robberies, drug use, or other crimes in urban communities, rendering them unsafe for residents to walk by or visit. Other examples of nuisance properties are motels, payday lenders, and vacant homes and lots. Add to this list now tobacco shops.







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