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Article ID: 702496

Father's Nicotine Exposure May Cause Problems in Future Generations of His Children

Florida State University

A new Florida State University College of Medicine study in mice produced results that suggest nicotine exposure in men could lead to cognitive deficits in their children and grandchildren. Further studies will be required to know if the same outcomes seen in mice would apply to humans.

19-Oct-2018 11:05 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    19-Oct-2018 12:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 702245

1 in 4 @JUULvapor Tweeps is Underage, a #PublicHealth Concern

Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

E-cigarette brand JUUL’s Twitter handle is attracting adolescents to the point that at least a quarter of its followers appear to be under age 18. Many of these minors – to whom it is illegal to sell nicotine-delivery products – are retweeting JUUL’s messages, amplifying its advertisements.

16-Oct-2018 10:00 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702251

Using Money to Encourage Alcohol Abstinence Can Be Effective

Research Society on Alcoholism

It is estimated that only 20 to 24 percent of individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) ever receive treatment of any kind for their disease. Most of the reasons given for not seeking treatment relate to the person’s inability or unwillingness to attend traditional in-person treatment. One alternative may be “contingency management.” This is a method in which a reward is given – for example, money, privileges, or prizes – once abstinence from alcohol or the drug in question is verified. This study examined the effectiveness of providing a financial reward for alcohol abstinence.

15-Oct-2018 5:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences


Article ID: 702409

Medicating Distress: Risky Sedative Prescriptions for Older Adults Vary Widely

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study shows wide variation in prescriptions of sedative drugs, called benzodiazepines, to people with Medicare coverage. Some counties, especially in southern and rural western states, had three times the level of sedative prescribing as others. The study also highlights gaps at the level of individual prescribers: Some primary care providers prescribed sedatives more than six times more often than their peers.

18-Oct-2018 9:55 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    18-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702253

Adding Flavors to E-Cigarette Liquids Changes Chemistry, Creates Irritants

Duke Health

New research from Duke and Yale universities shows flavorings are transforming more than marketing. The chemical additives react to e-liquid, or e-juice, creating new compounds that could trigger irritation and inflammation when inhaled.

16-Oct-2018 9:00 AM EDT
Embargo will expire:
23-Oct-2018 7:30 AM EDT
Released to reporters:
17-Oct-2018 10:30 AM EDT


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  • Embargo expired:
    12-Oct-2018 7:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 702008

The Addiction Institute of Mount Sinai and Center on Addiction Forge Strategic Alliance to Improve Addiction Treatment

Mount Sinai Health System

Will focus on adolescents, young adults, and their families, creating new, scalable models of care that can be disseminated nationally

10-Oct-2018 4:00 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    11-Oct-2018 7:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 701974

E-Cigarette Flavorings, Additives Increase Inflammation and Impair Lung Function, Study Finds

American Physiological Society (APS)

Flavoring and additive ingredients in e-cigarettes may increase inflammation and impair lung function, according to new research. The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, also found that short-term exposure to e-cigarettes was enough to cause lung inflammation similar or worse than that seen in traditional cigarette use. The research was chosen as an APSselect article for October.

10-Oct-2018 12:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 701980

Lung Cancer Deaths are 28 Percent Lower in California

University of California San Diego Health

Early adoption of tobacco control efforts in California lead to fewer people ever smoking, reduced the amount used by those who do smoke and helped smokers quit at a younger age — when their risk of developing lung cancer is lowest. As a result, lung cancer deaths are 28 percent lower in California compared to the rest of the country and the gap is widening each year by almost a percentage point.

10-Oct-2018 12:05 PM EDT

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