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Microbes, Nitrogen and Plant Responses to Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

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Plants can grow faster as atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations increase, but only if they have enough nitrogen or partner with fungi that help them get it, according to new research published this week in Science.

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Scientists Observe First Signs of Healing in the Antarctic Ozone Layer

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New research has identified clear signs that the hole in the Antarctic ozone layer is beginning to close.

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Reporter Needed to Cover New 'Fast Pitch' Service from Newswise

Newswise Fast Pitch is the first service to invite reporters and communications people to meet via video conference and pitch story ideas. Reporters are highly satisfied with the results.

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Universe Becoming Cleaner as Cosmic Dust Gets Mopped Up by Stars, Astronomers Reveal

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The Universe is becoming gradually cleaner as more and more cosmic dust is being mopped up by the formation of stars within galaxies, an international team of astronomers has revealed.

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Asteroid Day Will Draw Eyes to the Stars, but the More Urgent Threat May Be Under Our Feet

Knowing when an asteroid could impact Earth would be nice, but learning more about the impact a super volcano eruption at Yellowstone would have on civilization — and how to be ready for it — might be more prudent.

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Adélie Penguin Population Could Drop 60% by End of the Century

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University of Delaware researchers project that approximately 30 percent of current Adélie penguin colonies may be in decline by 2060 and approximately 60 percent may be in decline by 2099. The declines are associated with warming - many regions of Antarctica have warmed too much and further warming is no longer positive for the species.

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Baby Fish Lose Poisonous Protectors in Acidified Oceans

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A common close partnership which sees baby fish sheltering from predators among the poisonous tentacles of jellyfish will be harmed under predicted ocean acidification, a new University of Adelaide study has found.

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Lionfish Invading the Mediterranean Sea

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Rising sea temperatures in the Mediterranean are encouraging alien lionfish species to invade and colonise new territories with potentially serious ecological and socioeconomic impacts.

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What Happens When You Steam a Planet?

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Numerical models show hot, rocky exoplanets can change their chemistry by vaporizing rock-forming elements in steam atmospheres that are then partially lost to space.

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Seeds of Black Holes Could Be Revealed by Gravitational Waves Detected in Space

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Scientists led by Durham University's Institute for Computational Cosmology ran the huge cosmological simulations that can be used to predict the rate at which gravitational waves caused by collisions between the monster black holes might be detected.

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Extensive Scientific Review Finds Benefits of Drinking Coffee Outweigh Risks

Coffee is enjoyed by millions of people every day and the ‘coffee experience’ has become a staple of our modern life and culture. While the current body of research related to the effects of coffee consumption on human health has been contradictory, a study in the June issue of Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, which is published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), found that the potential benefits of moderate coffee drinking outweigh the risks in adult consumers for the majority of major health outcomes considered.

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Sparrows with Unfaithful ‘Wives’ Care Less for Their Young

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Sparrows form pair bonds that are normally monogamous, but many females are unfaithful to their partner and have offspring with other males.

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Scientists Begin Modeling Universe with Einstein’s Full Theory of General Relativity

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Research teams on both sides of the Atlantic have shown that precise modeling of the universe and its contents will change the detailed understanding of the evolution of the universe and the growth of structure in it.

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DNA Testing Challenges Traditional Species Classification

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Experts from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and the National University of Singapore (NUS) have made a surprising discovery that could subvert the significance of traditional criteria used for species classification.

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Successful First Observations of Galactic Center with GRAVITY

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The GRAVITY instrument is now operating with the four 8.2-metre Unit Telescopes of ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT - http://www.eso.org/public/teles-instr/paranal/) , and even from early test results it is already clear that it will soon be producing world-class science.

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Columbia Engineers Develop New, Low-Cost Way to Capture Carbon

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Xi Chen, associate professor of earth + environmental engineering at Columbia Engineering, and Klaus Lackner at Arizona State University, reports an unconventional reversible chemical reaction in a confined nanoenvironment. The discovery, a milestone in clarifying the scientific underpinnings of moisture-swing chemical reaction, is critical to understanding how to scrub CO2 from the Earth's atmosphere; the researchers have already used it to capture CO2 more efficiently and at a much lower cost than other methods.

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Learning About the Future From the Distant Past

Our universe came to life nearly 14 billion years ago in the Big Bang — a tremendously energetic fireball from which the cosmos has been expanding ever since. Today, space is filled with hundreds of billions of galaxies, including our solar system's own galactic home, the Milky Way. But how exactly did the infant universe develop into its current state, and what does it tell us about our future?

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Dormant Black Hole Eats Star, Becomes X-Ray Flashlight

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Roughly 90 percent of the biggest black holes in the known universe are dormant, meaning that they are not actively devouring matter and, consequently, not giving off any light or other radiation. But sometimes a star wanders too close to a dormant black hole and the ensuing feeding frenzy, known as a tidal disruption event, sets off spectacular fireworks.

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Wild Boars and Wart Hogs May Have an Internal Compass

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New research suggests for the first time that wild boars and wart hogs have an internal magnetic compass that helps them orient themselves as they forage for food and inhabit new areas.

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Scorpions Have Similar Tastes in Burrow Architecture

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Israel Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Jacob Blaustein Center for Scientific Cooperation, and the Society of Experimental Biology