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Unusual New Zoantharian Species Is the First Described Solitary Species in Over 100 Years

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A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus.

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Salad Days – Tomatoes That Last Longer and Still Taste Good

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The precise mechanisms involved in tomato softening have remained a mystery until now. Research led by Graham Seymour, Professor of Plant Biotechnology in the School of Biosciences at The University of Nottingham, has identified a gene that encodes an enzyme which plays a crucial role in controlling softening of the tomato fruit.

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Ultrasensitive Sensor Using N-Doped Graphene

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A highly sensitive chemical sensor based on Raman spectroscopy and using nitrogen-doped graphene as a substrate was developed by an international team of researchers working at Penn State.

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Scorpionfish Too Deep for SCUBA Divers Caught by Submersible Turns Out to Be a New Species

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Discovered by scientists using the manned submersible Curasub in the deep-reef waters of the Caribbean island of Curaçao, a new scorpionfish species is the latest one captured with the help of the sub's two robotic arms.

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Birds on Top of the World, with Nowhere to Go

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Climate change could make much of the Arctic unsuitable for millions of migratory birds that travel north to breed each year, according to a new international study published today in Global Change Biology.

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Murusraptor barrosaensis Likely a Megaraptorid “Giant Thief”: Patagonian Fossil of New Dinosaur Species Gives Clues to Evolutionary Origins

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A new species of megaraptorid dinosaur discovered in Sierra Barrosa in northwest Patagonia may help discern the evolutionary origins of the megaraptorid group, according to a study published July 20, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Philip Currie from the University of Alberta and Rodolfo Coria from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas in Argentina.

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NASA's Hubble Telescope Makes First Atmospheric Study of Earth-Sized Exoplanets

Astronomers have used Hubble to conduct the first search for atmospheres around temperate, Earth-sized planets beyond our solar system, uncovering clues that increase the chances of habitability on two exoplanets. They discovered that the exoplanets TRAPPIST-1b and TRAPPIST-1c, approximately 40 light-years away, are unlikely to have puffy, hydrogen-dominated atmospheres usually found on gaseous worlds.

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Cave Discoveries Shed New Light on Native and European Religious Encounters in the Americas

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A project led by archaeologists from the British Museum and the University of Leicester has discovered remarkable evidence which shows how the first generations of Europeans to arrive in the Americas engaged with indigenous peoples and their spiritual beliefs deep inside the caves of a remote Caribbean island.

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For Ancient Deep-Sea Plankton, a Long Decline Before Extinction

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A study of nearly 22,000 fossils finds that ancient plankton communities began changing in important ways as much as 400,000 years before massive die-offs ensued during one of Earth’s great mass extinctions. This turmoil, in a time of ancient climate change, could hold lessons for the modern world.

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Researchers Develop Way to Upsize Nanostructures Into Light, Flexible 3-D Printed Metallic Materials

Researchers have devised a new process to create lightweight, strong and super elastic 3-D printed metallic nanostructured materials with unprecedented scalability, opening the door for applications in aerospace, military and automotive industries.

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40-Year-Old Chorus Frog Tissues Vital to Louisiana Hybrid Zone Study

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LSU researchers Jeremy M. Brown and Eric N. Rittmeyer, in collaboration with colleagues at Florida State University, are shedding light on how often and where species hybridize through time, thanks to the rediscovery of 40-year-old tissue samples preserved at the LSU Museum of Natural Science, or LSUMNS. In a recent study published in Ecology and Evolution, they show that two species of chorus frogs now form hybrids across a much wider area of Louisiana and Mississippi than they did just 30-40 years earlier. A widening area of hybridization has important implications for the future of these species and suggests that recent alterations to their environment have affected their fitness or dispersal ability.

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New Theropod Dinosaur Suggests That Small T. Rex-Like Arms Evolved Multiple Times

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The discovery of a theropod dinosaur with Tyrannosaurus rex-like arms suggests that these unusual forelimbs may have evolved multiple times, according to a study published July 13, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Sebastián Apesteguía from the Universidad Maimónides, Argentina, and colleagues.

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Calcification – Does It Pay Off in the Future Ocean?

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An international research team has calculated the costs and benefits of calcification for phytoplankton and the impact of climate change on their important role in the world’s oceans.

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Researchers Find More Aggressive Behavior in City Birds Than Rural Ones

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The researchers' observations shed light on the effects of human population expansion on wildlife.

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Researchers Find Exceptional Species Diversity on Island in Philippines

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The largest island in the Philippines may be home to the greatest concentration of mammal diversity in the world, according to a research team that has been exploring the island for the past 15 years.

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The Success of the Plant-Eating Dinosaurs

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There has been a long debate about why dinosaurs were so successful. Say dinosaur, and most people think of the great flesh-eaters such as Tyrannosaurus rex, but the most successful dinosaurs were of course the plant-eaters.

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23 Shipwrecks Discovered Off Greece

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An expedition to the Fourni archipelago in Greece, co-directed by a University of Southampton archaeologist, has found 23 new shipwrecks dating from around 1,000 BC to the 19th century AD.

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Stellar Outburst Brings Water Snowline Into View

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A violent outburst by the young star V883 Orionis has given astronomers using ALMA their first view of a water "snowline" in a protoplanetary disk – the transition point around the star where the temperature and pressure are low enough for water ice to form.

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Gravitational Vortex Provides New Way to Study Matter Close to a Black Hole

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Dr Diego Altamirano from the University of Southampton has contributed to new research that has proved the existence of a ‘gravitational vortex’ around a black hole.

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Scavenger Crows Provide Public Service, Research Shows

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Crows are performing a useful function and keeping our environment free from rotting carcasses, research carried out at the University of Exeter in Cornwall has discovered.