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Research Links Two Millennia of Cyclones, Floods, El Niño

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Research published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by Rhawn Denniston, professor of geology at Cornell College, and his research team, created a 2,200-year-long record of extreme rainfall events that might also help predict future climate change.

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Mist-Collecting Plants May ‘Bioinspire’ Technology to Help Alleviate Global Water Shortages

By studying the morphology and physiology of plants with tiny conical “hairs” or microfibers on the surface of their leaves, such as tomatoes, balsam pears and the flowers Berkheya purpea and Lychnis sieboldii, a team of researchers in Japan uncovered water collection-and-release secrets that may, in turn, one day soon “bioinspire” a technology to pull fresh water from the air to help alleviate global water shortages.

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High-Tech Method Allows Rapid Imaging of Functions in Living Brain

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Using a new high-speed, high-resolution imaging method, Lihong Wang, PhD, and his team at Washington University in St. Louis were able to see blood flow and other functions inside a living mouse brain at faster rates than ever before.

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A Surprising Source of Serotonin Could Affect Antidepressant Activity

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Researchers have discovered an unconventional way that serotonin is released from neurons that could play an important role in the mechanism through which antidepressant drugs work.

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Earthlike 'Star Wars' Tatooines May Be Common

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Luke Skywalker’s home in “Star Wars” is the desert planet Tatooine, with twin sunsets because it orbits two stars. So far, only uninhabitable gas-giant planets have been identified circling such binary stars, and many researchers believe rocky planets cannot form there. Now, mathematical simulations show that Earthlike, solid planets such as Tatooine likely exist and may be widespread.

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Antarctic Ice Shelves Rapidly Thinning

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A new study led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego researchers has revealed that the thickness of Antarctica’s floating ice shelves has recently decreased by as much as 18 percent in certain areas over nearly two decades, providing new insights on how the Antarctic ice sheet is responding to climate change.

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NASA's Hubble and Chandra Discover Dark Matter Is Not as Sticky as Once Thought

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Astronomers using observations from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and Chandra X-ray Observatory have found that dark matter interacts with itself even less than previously thought. This finding narrows down the options for what this mysterious substance might be. The finding will appear in the journal Science on March 27. Join Hubble astronomers during the live Hubble Hangout at 3pm on Thurs., March 26, to learn even more about this study. Visit http://hbbl.us/98X .

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Two Most Destructive Termite Species Forming Superswarms in South Florida

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Two of the most destructive termite species in the world are swarming together in South Florida. They might mate, forming a hybrid, and that worries the UF/IFAS scientists who found the superswarm.

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Scientists Coax Stem Cells to Form 3D Mini Lungs

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Scientists at the University of Michigan Health System have coaxed stem cells to grow the first three-dimensional mini lungs. The 3D structures mimic the complexity of human lungs and may serve as a discovery tool for lung diseases or new therapies.

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Experiment Provides the Best Look Yet at 'Warm Dense Matter' at Cores of Giant Planets

In an experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists precisely measured the temperature and structure of aluminum as it transitions into a superhot, highly compressed concoction known as “warm dense matter.”