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UNH Ocean Mappers Discover Seamount in Pacific Ocean

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Scientists on a seafloor mapping mission have discovered a new seamount near the Johnson Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The summit of the seamount rises 1,100 meters from the 5,100-meter-deep ocean floor.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 3-Sep-2014 1:00 PM EDT

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Scientists Find Possible Neurobiological Basis for Tradeoff Between Honesty, Self-Interest

A team of scientists from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and the University of California at Berkeley used advanced imaging techniques to study how the brain makes choices about honesty.

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Reducing Water Scarcity Possible by 2050

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It is possible to significantly reduce water scarcity in just over 35 years, according to researchers from McGill University and Utrecht University. They outline strategies in six key areas that they believe can be combined in different ways in different parts of the world to effectively reduce water stress by 2050.

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Simpler Process to Grow Germanium Nanowires Could Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries

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Researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have developed what they call “a simple, one-step method” to grow nanowires of germanium from an aqueous solution. Their process could make it more feasible to use germanium in lithium-ion batteries.

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Scientists Map the ‘Editing Marks’ on Fly, Worm, Human Genomes

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In the August 28 issue of the journal Nature a multi-institution research network called modENCODE (the Model Organism ENCylopedia Of DNA Elements) published three major papers that map and compare the genomes and epigenomes of humans and two model organisms, the fly, D. melanogaster, and the worm, C. elegans, in unprecedented detail. The fly and worm could serve as model organisms for screening drugs and micronutrients that might alter the epigenome, which is implicated in many diseases.

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Zombie Bacteria Are Nothing to Be Afraid Of

Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have obtained the first experimental evidence that there are at least two fail-safe points in the bacterial cell cycle. If the fail-safes are activated, the cell is forced to exit the cell cycle forever. It then enters a zombie-like state and is unable to reproduce even under the most favorable of conditions. Drugs that trigger the fail-safes are already under development.

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Orion Rocks! Pebble-Size Particles May Jump-Start Planet Formation

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Astronomers using the Green Bank Telescope have discovered that filaments of star-forming gas near the Orion Nebula may be brimming with pebble-size particles -- planetary building blocks 100 to 1,000 times larger than the dust grains typically found around protostars.

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Best View Yet of Merging Galaxies in Distant Universe

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An international team of astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) -- among other telescopes -- has obtained the best view yet of a collision between two galaxies when the Universe was only half its current age.

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Trash Burning Worldwide Significantly Worsens Air Pollution

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Unregulated trash burning around the globe is pumping far more pollution into the atmosphere than shown by official records. A new study led by NCAR estimates that more than 40 percent of the world’s garbage is burned in such fires, with emissions that can substantially affect human health and climate.

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