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Did Genetic Links to Modern Maladies Provide Ancient Benefits?

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Researchers have discovered that genetic variations associated with some modern maladies are extremely old, predating the evolution of Neanderthals, Denisovans (another ancient hominin) and contemporary humans.

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Researchers Capture, Document First Northern Saw-Whet Owl in Arkansas

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Wildlife biologists at the University of Arkansas have captured and documented the first northern saw-whet owl in Arkansas.

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Blind Beetles Show Extraordinary Signs of Sight

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University of Adelaide researchers have made a surprising discovery in the aquifers beneath the Western Australian desert, which challenges the traditional Darwinian view of evolution.

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Stellar Astronomers Answer Question Posed by Citizen Scientists: ‘What Are Yellowballs?’

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Citizen scientists wanted to know: What are the yellow objects on these infrared images from the Spitzer Space Telescope? Iowa State's Charles Kerton and others report in The Astrophysical Journal the "yellowballs" are part of the development of massive stars.

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Kepler Astronomers Discover Ancient Star with Five Earth-Size Planets

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Iowa State's Steve Kawaler is part of a team that used data from NASA's Kepler spacecraft to find an 11.2 billion-year-old star with at least five Earth-size planets. That means Earth-size planets have been forming for most of the history of the universe.

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Brain’s On-Off Thirst Switch Identified

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Neurons that trigger our sense of thirst—and neurons that turn it off—have been identified by Columbia University Medical Center neuroscientists. The paper was published today in the online edition of Nature.

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Learning From Scorpions to Control Impulses

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Scorpions can teach us a lot about the benefits of prolonging nerve impulses, and we might now be better students. The results of a new study could pave the way for easier identification of drugs that function similarly to scorpion venom, but with happier results for the recipient.

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Friends Know How Long You’ll Live, Study Finds

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Young lovers walking down the aisle may dream of long and healthy lives together, but close friends in the wedding party may have a better sense of whether those wishes will come true, suggests new research on personality and longevity from Washington University in St. Louis.

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California’s Policies Can Significantly Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through 2030

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A new model of the impact of California’s existing and proposed policies on its greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goals suggests that the state is on track to meet 2020 goals, and could achieve greater emission reductions by 2030, but the state will need to do more to reach its 2050 climate goals.

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Environmental Scientists Find Antibiotics, Bacteria, Resistance Genes in Dust from Feedlots

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Researchers beginning to understand how antibiotic-resistant bacteria travel aerially.