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Pterosaur, Dinosaurs

A Rare Small Specimen Discovered From the Age of Flying Giants

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A rare small-bodied pterosaur, a flying reptile from the Late Cretaceous period approximately 77 million years ago, is the first of its kind to have been discovered on the west coast of North America.

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Northern Arizona University, Darrell Kaufman, Nicholas McKay, NAU, Climate Change, Industrial Revolution, Global Warming

New Research Suggests Global Warming Began Decades Earlier

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According to NAU Scientists, and their new study, global warming began in the Arctic and tropical oceans before thermometers were widespread enough to record the early signal.

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astronomy & astrophysics, Space And Planetary Science

Milky Way Had a Blowout Bash 6 Million Years Ago

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The center of the Milky Way galaxy is currently a quiet place where a supermassive black hole slumbers, only occasionally slurping small sips of hydrogen gas. But it wasn't always this way. A new study shows that 6 million years ago, when the first human ancestors known as hominins walked the Earth, our galaxy's core blazed forth furiously. The evidence for this active phase came from a search for the galaxy's missing mass.

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Interactive Map Shows Where Animals Will Move Under Climate Change

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The University of Washington and The Nature Conservancy have created an animated map showing where mammals, birds and amphibians are projected to move in the Western Hemisphere in response to climate change.

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Astrophyics, Proxima Centauri, Proxima Centauri b, habitable zone, Physics & Astronomy, Weizmann Institute Of Science

Earth-Mass Planet Right Next Door

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A potentially habitable planet – Proxima Centauri b – has been found virtually next door to Earth: about four light years away. The Weizmann Institute’s Dr. Aviv Ofir is a member of the “Pale Red Dot” project; the team found that the new planet may have balmy temperatures and liquid water, albeit a fast orbit. Can it host life? Further research is underway.

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Anthropology, archealogy, Arts and Culture , History

One of the Most Significant Etruscan Discoveries in Decades Names Female Goddess Uni

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Archaeologists translating a very rare inscription on an ancient Etruscan temple stone have discovered the name Uni -- an important female goddess.

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Planet Found in Habitable Zone Around Nearest Star

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Astronomers using ESO telescopes and other facilities have found clear evidence of a planet orbiting the closest star to Earth, Proxima Centauri. The long-sought world, designated Proxima b, orbits its cool red parent star every 11 days and has a temperature suitable for liquid water to exist on its surface. This rocky world is a little more massive than the Earth and is the closest exoplanet to us — and it may also be the closest possible abode for life outside the Solar System. A paper describing this milestone finding will be published in the journal Nature on 25 August 2016.

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252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition August 21-25, 2016

Anyone can view the press conferences, but to chat online, you must sign in first with a Google Account.

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Earth Science, marine and freshwater biology, Oceanography

Darwin's Theory About 'Impassable' Marine Barrier Holds True for Coral Larvae in the Pacific

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MIAMI--An international team of scientists used a state-of-the-art computer model, a high-powered supercomputer, and five billion 'virtual' coral larvae to test Charles Darwin's 1880 hypothesis that marine species cannot cross the Eastern Pacific's "impassable" marine barrier. The team, which included University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Associate Professor Claire Paris, found that Darwin's theory still hold true today even under extreme El Niño conditions known to speed up ocean currents.

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Earth Science, Evolution, Palentology

New Tiny Species of Extinct Australian Marsupial Lion Named After Sir David Attenborough

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The fossil remains of a new tiny species of marsupial lion which prowled the lush rainforests of northern Australia about 18 million years ago have been unearthed in the Riversleigh World Heritage Area of remote north-western Queensland.

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Evolution, genes, evolutionary development, cylcopism, Beetles, etymology, evodevo, Genetics, Development, Insects

'Cyclops' Beetles Hint at Solution to 'Chicken-and-Egg' Problem in Novel Trait Evolution

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Beetles with cyclops eyes have given Indiana University scientists insight into how new traits may evolve through the recruitment of existing genes -- even if these genes are already carrying out critical functions.

Medicine

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Biodiversity, Biology, Ecology and Environment, Forestry

Logged Rainforests Can Be an 'Ark' for Mammals, Extensive Study Shows

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Research reveals that large areas of 'degraded' forest in Southeast Asia can play an important role in conserving mammal diversity.

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Chemistry, Physics, Material Science

UCLA Physicists Discover 'Apparent Departure From the Laws of Thermodynamics'

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According to the basic laws of thermodynamics, if you leave a warm apple pie in a winter window eventually the pie would cool down to the same temperature as the surrounding air.

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UAS, Drones, Radar, control algorithm, Reseach, Engineering

Research Flights Lay the Groundwork for Teaching Unmanned Aircraft to Detect and Avoid Obstacles

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Virginia Tech researchers and scientists from Brigham Young University have equipped an unmanned aircraft with a newly designed radar system and optical video cameras to collect data that will help aerospace engineers develop avoidance technology. This technology will enable unmanned aircraft to accurately sense and avoid obstacles like trees, power lines, and other aircraft.

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Archeology, Kinesiology, Psychology, action and perception, Weaponry, movement science, Computer Modeling, throwing affordance, Early Humans

Tool or Weapon? IU Research Throws Light on Stone Artifacts' Use as Ancient Projectiles

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IU Bloomington professor Geoffrey Bingham and colleagues in the United Kingdom and United States contend that ancient stones discovered at an archeological site nearly 30 years ago served not as tools, as previously thought, but as weapons for defense and hunting. The research is reported in the journal Scientific Reports.

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University of Washington Paleontologists Discover Major T. Rex Fossil

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Paleontologists with the University of Washington's Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture have discovered a Tyrannosaurus rex, including a very complete skull. The find, which paleontologists estimate to be about 20 percent of the animal, includes vertebrae, ribs, hips and lower jaw bones.

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astronomy & astrophysics, planets and moon, Space, Planetary Science

Venus-Like Exoplanet Might Have Oxygen Atmosphere, but Not Life

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The distant planet GJ 1132b intrigued astronomers when it was discovered last year. Located just 39 light-years from Earth, it might have an atmosphere despite being baked to a temperature of around 450 degrees Fahrenheit. But would that atmosphere be thick and soupy or thin and wispy? New research suggests the latter is much more likely.

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Anthropology research, Astrophyics, Dinosaur

Fossil Reveals Ostrich Relatives Once Lived in North America

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New research reveals that 50-million-year-old bird fossil specimens, some of which are on display in the Museum’s special exhibition Dinosaurs Among Us, are from a previously unknown relative of the modern-day ostrich.

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University of Washington, Coral Reef, Coral Reefs, coral reef conservation, Coral Ecosystems, Coral Reef Fish, Coral Ecology, Fish Ecology, Oceanography, Marine Ecology, Bahamas

Big Fish — and Their Pee — Are Key Parts of Coral Reef Ecosystems

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Large, carnivorous fish excrete almost half of the key nutrients, phosphorus and nitrogen, that are essential for the survival of coral reefs.

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Earth Science, Evolution, Nature, Paleontology

Elbows of Extinct Marsupial Lion Suggest Unique Hunting Style

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Scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Málaga have proposed that the long extinct marsupial lion hunted in a very unique way - by using its teeth to hold prey before dispatching them with its huge claws.







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