Breaking News: Wildfires

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Released: 7-Jan-2022 3:45 PM EST
Air pollution from wildfires, rising heat affected 68% of US West in one day
Washington State University

Large wildfires and severe heat events are happening more often at the same time, worsening air pollution across the western United States, a study led by Washington State University researchers has found.

Released: 16-Dec-2021 6:05 PM EST
Fire and Ice: The Puzzling Link Between Western Wildfires and Arctic Sea Ice
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL researchers uncover the mechanics behind dwindling Arctic sea ice and its influence on wildfire weather in the western United States.

Released: 16-Dec-2021 3:55 PM EST
Concurrent heatwaves seven times more frequent than 1980s
Washington State University

Multiple large heatwaves the size of Mongolia occurred at the same time nearly every day during the warm seasons of the 2010s across the Northern Hemisphere, according to a study led by Washington State University researchers.

Newswise: Want to limit carbon and curb wildfire? Create a market for small trees
Released: 13-Dec-2021 4:15 PM EST
Want to limit carbon and curb wildfire? Create a market for small trees
University of California, Berkeley

Clearing California’s forests of dense overgrowth is a critical first step for curbing catastrophic wildfire in the state. But forest restoration

Newswise: Virtual bushfire experiment puts the heat on high-risk communities
Released: 12-Dec-2021 8:05 PM EST
Virtual bushfire experiment puts the heat on high-risk communities
University of South Australia

A virtual reality exercise undertaken in Australia with people living in high fire-risk zones has revealed some harsh truths: most people are not prepared for a serious bushfire and many would make fatal errors that could cost them their life.

1-Dec-2021 1:30 PM EST
Microgrids and Solar Reduce Risk of Power Outages
Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Climate change is fueling more floods, droughts, wildfires, and extreme storms across the United States. As a result, aging power grids are being pushed beyond their limits, sometimes with deadly impacts. (In 2020, a series of unusual winter storms knocked the power out in Texas for days -- leading to shortages of water and heat and more than 100 deaths.)

Newswise: WVU Extension experts offer reminders about fall burning considerations to prevent brush and forest fires
Released: 2-Dec-2021 1:30 PM EST
WVU Extension experts offer reminders about fall burning considerations to prevent brush and forest fires
West Virginia University

Fire restrictions vary by state. In West Virginia, the fall fire season runs from Oct. 1 through Dec. 31 while the spring fire season goes from March 1 to May 31.

Newswise: Call to Action
Released: 1-Dec-2021 6:05 PM EST
Call to Action
California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

The CSU is equipping teams across the state to respond when disaster strikes.

Newswise: Bows and Blazes, UNC Music Students Tune Up Their Community as Volunteer Firefighters
Released: 1-Dec-2021 4:25 PM EST
Bows and Blazes, UNC Music Students Tune Up Their Community as Volunteer Firefighters
University of Northern Colorado

Two UNC students pick up their violin bows and practice fast passages and rhythms whenever they can. But playing an instrument isn't the only intense activity taking up their spare time. Alongside playing beautiful music, Taber Land and Katherine Muser also help battle raging fires that span hundreds of acres at a time.

Released: 29-Nov-2021 4:05 PM EST
Eight worst wildfire weather years on record happened in the last decade: study
University of Alberta

The world’s eight most extreme wildfire weather years have occurred in the last decade, according to a new study that suggests extreme fire weather is being driven by a decrease in atmospheric humidity coupled with rising temperatures.

Newswise: Fires in the Sierra Nevada likely to grow in frequency
Released: 17-Nov-2021 6:35 PM EST
Fires in the Sierra Nevada likely to grow in frequency
University of California, Irvine

Naturalist John Muir called the Sierra Nevada “the Range of Light.” But a more ominous nickname, “the Range of Fire,” may lie ahead, according to new research from the University of California, Irvine. By 2040, as humans continue to change the climate, fire-conducive heat waves will become so common that the number of blazes throughout the Sierra stands to increase about 50 percent, researchers found.

Newswise:Video Embedded after-california-s-3rd-largest-wildfire-deer-returned-home-while-trees-were-still-smoldering
VIDEO
26-Oct-2021 12:40 PM EDT
After California’s 3rd-largest wildfire, deer returned home while trees were ‘still smoldering’
University of Washington

While many animals have adapted to live with wildfires of the past — which were smaller, more frequent and kept ecosystems in balance across the West — it’s unclear to scientists how animals are coping with today’s unprecedented megafires. A team of researchers tracked a population of black-tailed deer before, during and after the 2018 Mendocino Complex Fire and found that most of the deer returned home within hours of the fire, while trees were still smoldering.

Newswise:Video Embedded berkeley-lab-mobilizes-to-predict-how-caldor-fire-may-lead-to-floods-and-land-movement
VIDEO
Released: 21-Oct-2021 8:45 AM EDT
Berkeley Lab Mobilizes to Predict How Caldor Fire May Lead to Floods and Land Movement
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

After the Caldor Fire erupted in August 2021, scientists from Berkeley Lab launched a research project to study how the fire would affect the mountain ecosystem, including factors such as streamflow, groundwater levels, water quality, and possible soil erosion leading to floods and debris flow. They mobilized to burn areas to collect samples of water, sediment, and ash.

Released: 18-Oct-2021 3:50 PM EDT
Department of Energy to Provide $10 Million for Environmental Systems Science Research
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced plans to provide $10 million for new grants to universities, academic institutions, federal research labs, and nonprofits, within the area of Environmental System Science (ESS) research.

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Released: 1-Oct-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Wildfire bees on the brink
Flinders University

The number of threatened Australian native bee species is expected to increase by nearly five times after the devastating Black Summer bushfires in 2019-20, new research led by Flinders University has found.

Newswise: Saving the Great Plains with prescribed fire, mixed grazing
Released: 24-Sep-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Saving the Great Plains with prescribed fire, mixed grazing
Texas A&M AgriLife

Rangelands in the Great Plains, and the ranchers who depend on them, are losing battles against an invasion of brush and shrubs on historical grasslands.

Newswise: Fighting Fire with Data Science
Released: 24-Sep-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Fighting Fire with Data Science
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego has announced a joint appointment with Los Alamos National Laboratory with the appointment of Senior Scientist Rodman Linn to a three-year position with the Halıcıoğlu Data Science Institute (HDSI). This is the first joint appointment program between Los Alamos and a UC campus.

Released: 8-Sep-2021 10:55 AM EDT
First global study of wildfire pollution reveals increase in mortality rate
Monash University

The first study into the global impact of wildfire-related pollution and deaths comprehensively links short term exposure to wildfire-related fine particulate matters (PM2.5) in the air and all-cause, respiratory and cardiovascular mortalities across cities and regions around the globe.

Newswise: Sandia Uncovers Hidden Factors That Affect Solar Farms During Severe Weather
Released: 31-Aug-2021 10:35 AM EDT
Sandia Uncovers Hidden Factors That Affect Solar Farms During Severe Weather
Sandia National Laboratories

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. — Sandia National Laboratories researchers combined large sets of real-world solar data and advanced machine learning to study the impacts of severe weather on U.S. solar farms, and sort out what factors affect energy generation. Their results were published earlier this month in the scientific journal Applied Energy.

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Released: 26-Aug-2021 2:10 PM EDT
FSU expert available to discuss wildfire modeling
Florida State University

By: Bill Wellock | Published: August 26, 2021 | 10:49 am | SHARE: Every summer, communities across the country are threatened by wildfires. To help firefighters and land managers mitigate the destructiveness of fires, one of the tools they use is modeling software that predicts what a fire is likely to do next.Bryan Quaife, an assistant professor in the Florida State University Department of Scientific Computing and a faculty associate in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Institute at FSU, studies fire modeling and fire dynamics.

Newswise:Video Embedded breakthrough-cases-and-covid-boosters-live-expert-panel-for-august-18-2021
VIDEO
Released: 19-Aug-2021 3:00 PM EDT
VIDEO AND TRANSCRIPT AVAILABLE: Breakthrough Cases and COVID Boosters: Live Expert Panel for August 18, 2021
Newswise

Expert Q&A: Do breakthrough cases mean we will soon need COVID boosters? The extremely contagious Delta variant continues to spread, prompting mask mandates, proof of vaccination, and other measures. Media invited to ask the experts about these and related topics.

Newswise:Video Embedded uc-san-diego-breaks-record-with-1-54b-in-research-funding
VIDEO
Released: 18-Aug-2021 12:55 PM EDT
UC San Diego Breaks Record with $1.54B in Research Funding
University of California San Diego

In fiscal year 2021 (July 1-June 30), UC San Diego earned $1.54 billion in sponsored research funding, a 6% increase over the previous year. This is the largest number ever for the university and marks the 12th consecutive year the campus has earned more than $1 billion in funding to support its extensive research enterprise.

Newswise: Fire in Wet Area of the Amazon Destroys 27% of Trees in Up to Three Years, Study Finds
Released: 16-Aug-2021 4:45 PM EDT
Fire in Wet Area of the Amazon Destroys 27% of Trees in Up to Three Years, Study Finds
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

Even in the wettest parts of the Amazon, the impact of forest fires, which spread through these areas only during extreme droughts, is sufficient to change the characteristics of the vegetation in the coming decades, although it is not as significant as in other parts of the biome.

Newswise: 3-million-asthmatics-and-over-half-of-u-s-affected-by-wildfire-smoke-says-uah-research-cover.jpg
Released: 16-Aug-2021 11:20 AM EDT
3 Million Asthmatics and Over Half of U.S. Affected by Wildfire Smoke, Says UAH Research
University of Alabama Huntsville

An estimated 3 million asthmatics and over half of the states in the United States are being affected by particulates that are blowing over them from fires in Canada and the western U.S., according to new research at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH).

Newswise: Public
Released: 10-Aug-2021 4:45 PM EDT
How Wildfire Restored a Yosemite Watershed
University of California, Berkeley

For nearly half a century, lightning-sparked blazes in Yosemite’s Illilouette Creek Basin have rippled across the landscape — closely monitored, but largely unchecked.

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Released: 10-Aug-2021 8:50 AM EDT
California Wildfires Make Underground Utilities an Infrastructure Priority
Arizona State University (ASU)

Arizona State University Professor Samuel Ariatratnam, an expert in trenchless technologies, answers questions about the significance of PG&E's plan to take utilities underground in wildfire vulnerable areas.

Newswise: IdahoWildlandFirefighters_2008_BLMIdaho_Flickr-750x500.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2021 12:25 PM EDT
Drier, warmer night air is making some Western wildfires more active at night
University of Washington

Firefighters report that Western wildfires are starting earlier in the morning and dying down later at night, hampering their ability to recover and regroup before the next day’s flareup. A study shows why: The drying power of nighttime air over much of the Western U.S. has increased dramatically in the past 40 years.

Newswise: Rim-Fire-Image.png
Released: 4-Aug-2021 8:40 AM EDT
Up in Smoke
University of Utah

University of Utah researchers have developed a method to better predict if and when wildfire smoke might affect the ground-level air quality of nearby residents.

Newswise: New Report: State of the Science on Western Wildfires, Forests and Climate Change
Released: 3-Aug-2021 1:50 PM EDT
New Report: State of the Science on Western Wildfires, Forests and Climate Change
University of Washington

Seeing the urgent need for change, a team of scientists from leading research universities, conservation organizations and government laboratories across the West has produced a synthesis of the scientific literature that clearly lays out the established science and strength of evidence on climate change, wildfire and forest management for seasonally dry forests. The goal is to give land managers and others across the West access to a unified resource that summarizes the best-available science so they can make decisions about how to manage their landscapes.

Newswise: Possible Future for Western Wildfires: Decade-Long Burst, Followed by Gradual Decline
Released: 27-Jul-2021 2:40 PM EDT
Possible Future for Western Wildfires: Decade-Long Burst, Followed by Gradual Decline
University of Washington

A model of the eastern California forests of the Sierra Nevada looks at the longer-term future of wildfires under future climate change scenarios. Results show an initial roughly decade-long burst of wildfire activity, followed by recurring fires of decreasing area — a pattern that could apply to other drought-prone regions of the West.

Released: 27-Jul-2021 8:55 AM EDT
Saving Lives (and Breath) on the Wildland Fire Line
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

The Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) is dedicated to protecting these selfless men and women as they work to protect our communities.

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Released: 22-Jul-2021 1:05 PM EDT
California’s Carbon Mitigation Efforts May Be Thwarted by Climate Change Itself
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., July 22, 2021 – To meet an ambitious goal of carbon neutrality by 2045, California’s policymakers are relying in part on forests and shrublands to remove CO2 from the atmosphere, but researchers at the University of California, Irvine warn that future climate change may limit the ecosystem’s ability to perform this service.

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Released: 16-Jul-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Wildfire Smoke Exposure Linked to Increased Risk of Contracting COVID-19
Desert Research Institute (DRI)

Wildfire smoke may greatly increase susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, according to new research from the Center for Genomic Medicine at the Desert Research Institute (DRI), Washoe County Health District (WCHD), and Renown Health (Renown) in Reno, Nev.

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Released: 14-Jul-2021 3:05 PM EDT
How Climate Change and Fires are Shaping the Forests of the Future
Technical University of Munich

Forest fires are already a global threat. "But considering how climate change is progressing, we are probably only at the beginning of a future that will see more and bigger forest fires," explains Rupert Seidl, Professor of Ecosystem Dynamics and Forest Management in Mountain Landscapes at TUM.

Newswise: As the U.S. Faces Lengthier Fire Seasons, Research Suggests Mental Health of Survivors Must be a Focus
7-Jul-2021 5:05 PM EDT
As the U.S. Faces Lengthier Fire Seasons, Research Suggests Mental Health of Survivors Must be a Focus
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

Researchers say that government, public health agencies, and the public generally need to understand the mental health impacts of wildfire smoke as the world enters a time in which wildfire smoke events are prolonged events.

Released: 30-Jun-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Wildfire changes songbird plumage and testosterone
Washington State University

Fire can put a tropical songbird's sex life on ice.

Newswise: Air Pollution From Wildfires Impacts Ability to Observe Birds
25-Jun-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Air Pollution From Wildfires Impacts Ability to Observe Birds
University of Washington

Researchers from the University of Washington provide a first look at the probability of observing common birds as air pollution worsens during wildfire seasons. They found that smoke affected the ability to detect more than a third of the bird species studied in Washington state over a four-year period. Sometimes smoke made it harder to observe birds, while other species were actually easier to detect when smoke was present.

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Released: 24-Jun-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Disaster Response and Mitigation in an AI World
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL researchers are expanding PNNL’s operational Rapid Analytics for Disaster Response (RADR) image analytics and modeling suite to predict the path of fires, floods and other natural disasters, giving first responders an upper hand. The suite utilizes a combination of image-capturing technology (satellite, airborne, and drone images), artificial intelligence, and cloud computing, to not only assess damage but predict it as well.

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Released: 16-Jun-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Preparing for the Fires
California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Learn how campuses across the CSU continue to lead efforts in wildfire research, management and workforce preparation across multiple disciplines.

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Released: 16-Jun-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Climate change leads to unprecedented Rocky Mountain wildfires
University of Wyoming

Last fall, the Mullen fire west of Laramie raged for the better part of two months, burning more than 176,000 acres and 70 structures in Wyoming's Carbon and Albany counties, and in Jackson County, Colo.

Released: 10-Jun-2021 2:05 PM EDT
DHS S&T Successfully Evaluates Wildfire Sensors with California Emergency Responders
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T successfully tested four prototype technologies for early detection of wildfires in California this week.

Newswise: Modeling dire wildfire circumstances can help save lives
Released: 24-May-2021 5:20 PM EDT
Modeling dire wildfire circumstances can help save lives
South Dakota State University

The increasing size and number of wildfires can lead to situations in which emergency managers must simply minimize human casualties--simulating these dire situations can help them adjust plans when there is less time to evacuate.

Newswise: Evacuating under dire wildfire scenarios
Released: 24-May-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Evacuating under dire wildfire scenarios
University of Utah

Climate change has made wildfires in the West catastrophic—and common disaster responses are unprepared for this new reality. A team of researchers led by the University of Utah proposed a framework for simulating dire scenarios, which the authors define as scenarios where there is less time to evacuate an area than is required.

Newswise: Peatlands pose complex, poorly understood fire risk, researchers warn
Released: 18-May-2021 10:35 AM EDT
Peatlands pose complex, poorly understood fire risk, researchers warn
McMaster University

Five years after the disastrous wildfire in Fort McMurray, Alberta, researchers are warning that the complex role of peatlands, a factor critical to projecting the risk and behaviour of future fires, is missing from the forecasting model.


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