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Newswise: A third of children up to age 3 exposed to Zika in-utero have neurological problems

Article ID: 715516

A third of children up to age 3 exposed to Zika in-utero have neurological problems

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

New research suggests that 32% of children up to the age of 3 years who were exposed to the Zika virus during the mother’s pregnancy had below-average neurological development. Also, fewer than 4% of 216 children evaluated had microcephaly —a smaller-than-normal head that is one of the hallmarks of the mosquito-borne disease. The heads of two of those children grew to normal size over time, the researchers reported.

Released:
9-Jul-2019 7:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 713940

Augustana University Professor’s Research Leads to Surprising Mating Decision in Butterfly Species

Augustana University, South Dakota

The males of one species of butterfly are more attracted to females that are active, not necessarily what they look like, according to a recent research conducted at Augustana University.The paper, “Behaviour before beauty: Signal weighting during mate selection in the butterfly Papilio polytes,” found that males of the species noticed the activity levels of potential female mates, not their markings.

Released:
8-Jul-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Saving Beethoven
  • Embargo expired:
    3-Jul-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 715277

Saving Beethoven

Harvard Medical School

Scientists have used an optimized version of the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing system to prevent hearing loss in so-called Beethoven mice, which carry a genetic mutation that causes profound hearing loss in humans and mice alike The new gene-editing system successfully identified a single misspelled “letter” in the defective copy of a hearing gene and disabled the aberrant copy, sparing the healthy one DNA analyses and follow-up tests in treated animals showed no detectable off-target effects Results offer proof of principle for using the same gene-editing technique in more than 20 percent of dominantly inherited human genetic diseases

Released:
2-Jul-2019 2:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 715181

Inside Pediatrics Podcast: What Expectant Moms Should Know About CMV

Children's of Alabama

Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is the most common viral infection, and the leading non-genetic cause of hearing loss, that infants are born with in the United States.

Released:
1-Jul-2019 10:05 AM EDT
Newswise: Professor investigates transparent face mask to help deaf and hard of hearing patients better communicate with healthcare providers

Article ID: 715174

Professor investigates transparent face mask to help deaf and hard of hearing patients better communicate with healthcare providers

University of Arkansas at Little Rock

A University of Arkansas at Little Rock faculty member is hoping to make visits to healthcare professionals easier for patients and other health workers who are deaf or hard of hearing by researching a prototype transparent surgical face mask that allows those who are deaf or hard of hearing and non-native English speakers to read lips.

Released:
1-Jul-2019 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 714224

Drug to Treat Malaria Could Mitigate Hereditary Hearing Loss

Case Western Reserve University

The ability to hear depends on proteins to reach the outer membrane of sensory cells in the inner ear. But in certain types of hereditary hearing loss, mutations in the protein prevent it from reaching these membranes.

Released:
11-Jun-2019 11:50 AM EDT
Newswise: Restaurant Acoustics that Schmeckt
  • Embargo expired:
    17-May-2019 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712667

Restaurant Acoustics that Schmeckt

Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Acoustics consultant Klaus Genuit says that new ISO guidelines for defining, measuring and evaluating soundscapes are a big step forward in guiding the creation of audibly fine restaurants. "A soup might be delicious or not, but you can't answer this by knowing the temperature of the soup. It is the same with restaurant soundscapes -- you need a lot more information than just noise level," he said. He will present an application of the new ISO restaurant soundscape standards at the 177th ASA Meeting, May 13-17.

Released:
10-May-2019 2:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 712967

First smartphone app that can hear ear infections in children

University of Washington

Researchers at the UW have created a new smartphone app that can detect fluid behind the eardrum by simply using a piece of paper and the phone’s microphone and speaker.

Released:
15-May-2019 5:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    15-May-2019 1:30 PM EDT

Article ID: 712664

How Loud is Too Loud When It Comes to Sports Whistles?

Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Referees and others using whistles on the job need a simple way to determine whether it’s harmful to their hearing, so researchers set out to put it to the test and to provide some clarity and damage risk criteria for impulse noise exposures. To do this, the group carefully measured and analyzed the acoustic signature of 13 brands of whistles identified as the “most commonly used” by 300 sports officials -- both indoors and outdoors. They will present their findings during the 177th ASA Meeting.

Released:
10-May-2019 11:25 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    13-May-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712546

Locating a Shooter from the First Shot via Cellphone

Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Militaries have worked hard to develop technologies that simultaneously protect soldiers' hearing and aid in battlefield communication. However, these don’t help if a soldier takes it off to assess the location of incoming gunfire. A French researcher has developed a proof of concept that uses the microphones in a TCAPS system to capture a shooter’s acoustic information and transmit this to a soldier’s smartphone to display shooter location in real time. He will present his shooter location research at the 177th ASA Meeting, May 13-17.

Released:
9-May-2019 9:25 AM EDT

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