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Trending Stories Report for 16 April 2015

Trending news releases with the most views in a single day. Topics include:sustainability, COPD, neurology, cancer, sleep, food, and genetics.

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Heavy Snoring, Sleep Apnea May Signal Earlier Memory and Thinking Decline

Heavy snoring and sleep apnea may be linked to memory and thinking decline at an earlier age, according to a new study published in the April 15, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The research also suggests that treating the disorders with a breathing machine may delay the decline.

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New Breakthroughs to Avoid Shortage of Treatment for Those with Inherited COPD

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Limber Lungs: One Type of Airway Cell Can Regenerate Another Lung Cell Type

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A new collaborative study describes a way that lung tissue can regenerate after injury. The team found that lung tissue has more dexterity in repairing tissue than once thought.

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Gene Variant and Environment Can Boost Severity of Respiratory Syncytial Virus

A particular genetic mutation combined with an urban environment increases the risk of severe disease in children infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), an international team of investigators has found.

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Premature Aging of Stem Cell Telomeres, Not Inflammation, Linked to Emphysema

Lung diseases like emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis are common among people with malfunctioning telomeres, the “caps” or ends of chromosomes. Now, researchers from Johns Hopkins say they have discovered what goes wrong and why.

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Air Pollutants Could Boost Potency of Common Airborne Allergens

A pair of air pollutants linked to climate change could also be major contributors to the unparalleled rise in the number of people sneezing, sniffling and wheezing during allergy season. The gases, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone, appear to provoke chemical changes in certain airborne allergens that may increase their potency. That, in combination with changes in global climate could help explain why allergies are becoming more common.

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ATS and ERS Publish Statement on Current State and Future Directions of COPD Research

The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) have published a statement describing the state of current evidence on the diagnosis, assessment, and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), identifying gaps in knowledge and making recommendations for the directions of future research.

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Researchers Discover Why Drug For Severe COPD Becomes Less Effective

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Roflumilast, a drug recently approved in the United States to treat severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), increases the production of a protein that causes inflammation, which possibly results in patients developing a tolerance to the drug after repeated use and makes the drug less effective, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Kumamoto University and the University of Rochester Medical Center.

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Sharp Rise in UK Adults Living with Cystic Fibrosis, Predicts Queen’s-Led Task Force

The number of people living with cystic fibrosis into adulthood in the UK is expected to increase dramatically – by as much as 80 per cent – by 2025, according to a Europe-wide survey, the UK end of which was led by Queen’s University Belfast.