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Medicine

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air pollution and human health, Kidney Infection

Breathing Dirty Air May Harm Kidneys

Outdoor air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease and contribute to kidney failure, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. Scientists culled national VA databases to evaluate the effects of air pollution and kidney disease on nearly 2.5 million people over a period of 8.5 years, beginning in 2004. The scientists compared VA data on kidney function to air-quality levels collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The study is published Sept. 21 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Medicine

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Cancer, Genetics, genes, Cell Biology, Lung Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers Develop New Strategy to Target KRAS Mutant Cancer

In a new study, published this month in Cancer Discovery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers report that approximately half of lung and pancreatic cancers that originate with a KRAS mutation become addicted to the gene as they progress.

Medicine

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Health, Research, Health Research, tobacco addiction, Tobacco Cessation, Minorites

WVU-Led Report Shows Smoking Has Not Flamed Out in All Populations

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The number one cause of preventable death is on the decline, but not for everyone. A new report led by a West Virginia University public health expert shows that despite a drop in cigarette smoking nationwide, minority groups are at higher risk for tobacco-related diseases than others.

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E-Mental Health Tool May Be Key for Astronauts to Cope with Anxiety, Depression in Space

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A clinical trial of an innovative e-mental health tool led by a Stony Brook University psychiatry professor to help address stress, anxiety and/or depression will begin on September 18. The trial is designed to inform the delivery of mental health treatments for astronauts on long duration space missions.

Medicine

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CPAP, OSA, Sleep Apnea, sleep apnea treatment, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), CPAP adherence

Telemonitoring and Automated Messages Improve CPAP Adherence

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Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are more likely to use CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, when their use is telemonitored and they receive individualized, automated messages that reinforce therapy adherence, according to a randomized, controlled trial published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Medicine

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Medicine & Health, Asthma, Reseach, Healthcare, Science

Precision Therapy Proves Effective in Treatment-Resistant Subgroup of COPD Patients

Antibody treatment reduces rate of flare-ups in patients with a subgroup of treatment-resistant COPD.

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Checking Your Neck, Colon Cancer Screening, New Microfluidic Device, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Medicine

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Sinus Infection, Rhinosinusitis, sweet taste receptor, Amino Acid, Otorhinolaryngology, ENT

Blocking Sweet Taste Receptors Can Help Body Fight Off Sinus Infections

Sweet taste receptor, known as T1R, can be activated by certain amino acids secreted by bacteria. Researchers took cells from rhinosinusitis patients and isolated the various communities of bacteria that were present. They found cultures of Staphylococcus bacteria produced two D-amino acids called D-Phe and D-Leu, both of which activate T1R sweet receptors and block the release of antimicrobial peptides.

Medicine

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COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Emphysema, Lung Volume Reduction Surgery

Endobronchial Valve Treatment Appears to Improve Lung Function in Patients with Severe Emphysema

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People with severe emphysema may breathe better after a minimally invasive procedure that places valves in the airways leading to diseased portions of their lungs, according to a randomized, controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Better Understanding of “One of the Most Complex Organs” for Better Lung Treatments

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Details of lung cell molecular pathways that promote or inhibit tissue regeneration were reported by Penn researchers. Their aim is to find new ways to treat lung disorders.







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