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Medicine

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asthma and children, Childhood Asthma, obesity and children, asthma and obesity, respiratory ailments, Respiratory Health

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 20-Jan-2017 12:15 AM EST

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"Mysterious" Non-Protein-Coding RNAs Play Important Roles in Gene Expression, NCI-Designated Cancer Centers Endorse Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Medicine

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University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Penn Nursing Science, Penn Nursing, University Of Pennsylvania, Karen Glanz, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Advisory Council, Heart, Blood, Lungs, Sleep Disorders

Karen Glanz, PhD, MPH, Appointed to Advisory Council for the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

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The Council advises on matters relating to the cause, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of heart, blood vessel, lung and blood diseases; the use of blood and blood products and the management of blood resources; and on sleep disorders.

Medicine

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Smoke, household air pollution, clean-burning stove, ethanol stoves, Pregnancy and Hypertension

Nigeria: Clean-Burning Stoves Improve Health for New Mothers

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In a clinical trial in Nigeria that replaced biomass and kerosene cookstoves with clean-burning ethanol stoves, researchers were able to reduce by two-thirds the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease in pregnant women.

Medicine

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Lung Cancer, Small Cell Lung Cancer, c-Myc

Huntsman Cancer Institute Research Holds Promise for Personalized Lung Cancer Treatments

New research from scientists at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah uncovered distinct types of tumors within small cell lung cancer that look and act differently from one another. Scientists also identified a targeted drug combination that worked well with one specific tumor type. The study was published today in Cancer Cell. The findings suggest small cell lung cancer should not be treated as a uniform disease.

Medicine

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plastic bronchitis, Pulmonology, lymphatic intervention, pulmonary perfusion syndrome, MRI, Children's Hospital Of Philadelphia, lymphatic embolization

Innovative Imaging and Surgery Used to Treat Lymphatic Condition in Adults

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Researchers who developed a safe and effective procedure to remove thick clogs in children’s airways are now reporting similar success in adult patients. In this rare condition, called plastic bronchitis, patients develop thick, caulk-like casts that form in the branching paths of their airways.

Medicine

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Asthma, Race, Corticosteroids, Inflammation

Why Is Asthma Worse in Black Patients?

African Americans may be less responsive to asthma treatment and more likely to die from the condition, in part, because they have a unique type of airway inflammation, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine. The study is one of the largest and most diverse trials conducted in the U.S. on race and asthma, with 26 percent of the patients self-identifying as African American. Researchers found that black patients were more likely to exhibit eosinophilic airway inflammation than whites, despite taking comparable doses of asthma medication, such as inhaled corticosteroids.

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Lung Cancer, Yale Cancer Center, Chemotheraphy, Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Patients May Benefit From Delayed Chemotherapy After Surgery

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A new Yale study suggests that patients with a common form of lung cancer may still benefit from delayed chemotherapy started up to four months after surgery, according to the researchers.

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Velculescu, Tumors, Immunotherapy, Cancer, Mutations, Johns Hopkins, Valsamo Anagnostou, checkpoint inhibitors

Cancers Evade Immunotherapy by 'Discarding the Evidence' of Tumor-Specific Mutations

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Results of an initial study of tumors from patients with lung cancer or head and neck cancer suggest that the widespread acquired resistance to immunotherapy drugs known as checkpoint inhibitors may be due to the elimination of certain genetic mutations needed to enable the immune system to recognize and attack malignant cells.

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Cycling, ICU

Cycling in Bed Is Safe for ICU Patients: Hamilton Study

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Researchers at McMaster University and St. Joseph’s Healthcare Hamilton have demonstrated that physiotherapists can safely start in-bed cycling sessions with critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients early on in their ICU stay.

Medicine

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Pediatrics, Asthma, Emergency, Ciaccio, University of Chicago Medicine

Study: Fewer Kids Visited ERs for Asthma After Indoor Smoking Bans

Emergency rooms in communities with indoor smoking bans reported a 17 percent decrease in the number of children needing care for asthma attacks, according to new research from the University of Chicago Medicine.

Medicine

Science

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, Apnea, Sleep, Respiration, Breathing, Neuroscience, Nervous System

TSRI Study: Protein Monitors Lung Volume and Regulates Breathing

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The researchers said this study might help shed light on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in human babies, which is thought to be associated with dysfunctional airway sensory neurons.

Medicine

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breath samples, Chemical Signaling, Nanotechnology, nano, Cancer, Crohn's Disease, Colitis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Parkinson Disease, multiple sclerosis, Hypertension, preclampsia, Chronic Kidney Disease, Israel

You Are What You Exhale

Using an array of nanoscale sensors, researchers have identified distinct “chemical signatures” in breath samples, for several diseases (including lung cancer, ovarian cancer, Crohn's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis).

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Extracorporeal Life Support, Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, Registry Report, Survival, Adverse Events

Trends in Extracorporeal Life Support – ASAIO Journal Presents Latest Worldwide Registry Data

For critically ill patients with heart or lung failure that does not respond to conventional treatments, extracorporeal life support (ECLS) can provide a bridge to survival. Updated analysis of a worldwide database finds that ECLS technologies are becoming more widely available and more frequently used at centers around the world, according to a report in the ASAIO Journal, published by Wolters Kluwer.

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Penn Center for Precision Medicine Awards $525,000 in First Accelerator Grants

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The Penn Center for Precision Medicine (PCPM) Accelerator Fund awarded eight research teams from Penn Medicine in their inaugural support of the implementation of personalized medicine projects across a gamut of clinical specialties. The projects cover a range of clinical applications, from lung cancer to infectious disease to knee surgery.

Medicine

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Asthma, Public Health, community medicine, Poverty, Housing, Philadelphia, community health workers, Minority Health

Home Visits Uncover Fuller Picture of Multiple Challenges Among Low-Income Adults with Asthma

Nationally, the highest rates of asthma-related deaths and hospitalizations are among low-income minority adults, but most existing research doesn’t focus on these patients. In particular, studies may not investigate patients where they live, in complicated, difficult circumstances. Many adult asthma patients have multiple diseases and exposure to tobacco smoke, but much research reflects the convenience of recruiting patients in clinics and on the relative simplicity of studying patients who do not have accompanying diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity.

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Emily Kendall, arbs, TB, Regimen, Treatment, MDR

Computer Model Predicts Potential Impact of Short-Course Therapy Against Multidrug-Resistant TB

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Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a computer simulation that helps predict under which circumstances a new short-course treatment regimen for drug-resistant tuberculosis could substantially reduce the global incidence and spread of the disease.

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Proton Therapy, Cancer, Lung Cancer, CT imaging, Diagnostic Imaging

Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center To Offer P-Cure Upright Diagnostic Quality Imaging Technology

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The Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center will be the first proton center in the U.S. to use P-Cure’s innovative upright imaging technology for patients being treated for lung cancer.

Medicine

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malignant pleural mesothelioma, lung-sparing surgery, Chemotherapy, Survival, Cancer

New Study Shows That Lung-Sparing Surgery for Patients with Advanced Mesothelioma Results in Prolonged Survival

Patients with advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) treated with a combination of surgery to remove the cancer but save their lung, plus photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy, had a median survival of nearly three years, with a subset of patients living longer than seven years, according to new research published in the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

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Cystic Fibrosis

Bacterial ‘Sabotage’ Handicaps Ability to Resolve Devastating Lung Inflammation in Cystic Fibrosis

The chronic lung inflammation that is a hallmark of cystic fibrosis, has, for the first time, been linked to a new class of bacterial enzymes that hijack the patient’s immune response and prevent the body from calling off runaway inflammation, according to a laboratory investigation led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.







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