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Medicine

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T Cell, Vaccination

Penn Team Tracks Rare T Cells in Blood to Better Understand Annual Flu Vaccine

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A team has found a way to identify the small population of circulating helper T cells present in the blood after an annual flu vaccine to monitor their contribution to antibody strength. A technique that identifies these helper immune cells could inform future vaccine design, especially for vulnerable populations.

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Yeast Found in Babies’ Guts Increases Risk of Asthma

University of British Columbia microbiologists have found a yeast in the gut of new babies in Ecuador that appears to be a strong predictor that they will develop asthma in childhood. The new research furthers our understanding of the role microscopic organisms play in our overall health.

Medicine

Science

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flu, Influenza, Virus, Health, Virology, Medicine, Science, Rutgers, Rutgers University, New Jersey, NJ, HIV, Ebola, therapeutic interfering particles, tips, Materials Science, Engineering, Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, Nanoparticles, GOLD

Attacking the Flu by Hijacking Infected Cells

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They’re called TIPs and their task would be to infiltrate and outcompete influenza, HIV, Ebola and other viruses. Soon, Rutgers’ Laura Fabris will play a key role in a project aimed at designing TIPs – therapeutic interfering particles to defuse the flu. For the first time in virology, Fabris and her team will use imaging tools with gold nanoparticles to monitor mutations in the influenza virus, with unprecedented sensitivity, when it enters cells. Fabris will soon receive a $820,000 grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). It’s part of a four-year, $5.2 million INTERfering and Co-Evolving Prevention and Therapy (INTERCEPT) program.

Medicine

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Smoking Cessation, Randomized Trial, lung cancer screening, precancerous lesions, Counseling, Smoking, Lung Cancer

Smoking Cessation Counseling Successful When Paired with Lung Cancer Screening

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The first successful randomized trial of its kind provides preliminary evidence that telephone-based smoking cessation counseling given to smokers shortly after undergoing lung cancer screening can be effective at helping people stop smoking.

Medicine

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Kimmel Cancer Center, Sibley, Benjamin Levy, Oncology, Director

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center Names Benjamin Levy to Lead Medical Oncology Program at Sibley

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Lung cancer specialist Benjamin Levy, M.D., has been named the new clinical director of medical oncology and medical director of thoracic oncology for the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center at Sibley Memorial Hospital in northwest Washington, D.C.

Medicine

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Heart-Shaped Cells, The Power of Aspirin, Stem Cells Transplants and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

Medicine

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children's hospital of Michigan, Dr. Eric McGrath MD, whooping cough, pertussis, pertusis, infectious disease, vaccine, DMC, Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Oakland County Health Division , Pediatrics

Whooping Cough on the Rise in Michigan

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The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services and Oakland County Health Division have issued a health advisory.

Medicine

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fine particulate air pollution, PM 2.5, Air Pollution, air pollution and human health, Developing Countries, Air Quality, Environmental Health

Chinese Air Pollution Linked to Respiratory and Cardiovascular Deaths

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In the largest epidemiological study conducted in the developing world, researchers found that as exposures to fine particulate air pollution in 272 Chinese cities increase, so do deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.

Medicine

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Cardiothoracic Surgery Grants, The Thoracic Surgery Foundation, TSF, education programs, Heart Disease, Lung Disease

TSF Awards $655,000 in Cardiothoracic Surgery Grants

The Thoracic Surgery Foundation (TSF) has announced 16 new grants in support of research and education programs in cardiothoracic surgery.

Medicine

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Neonatology, pulmonary biology, Lungs, Antibiotics, Infection, Science Translational Medicine , Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Gut Bacteria, Pediatrics, news release distribution

Excessive Antibiotic Use in Newborns Can Permanently Damage Lungs’ Defenses

Doctors have long understood that antibiotics that protect infants from infection also can disrupt the normal growth of their gut bacteria. However, a new study reveals that the consequences of routine antibiotic use may be deeper and longer lasting than expected. The study, published Feb. 8 in Science Translational Medicine, shows that short-term disruption of gut bacteria makes infant mice more likely to develop pneumonia. It also makes them more likely to die from it.

Medicine

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Yale Cancer Center, Roy Herbst, Immunotherapy, SITC , Lung Cancer, KEYNOTE-024 trial

Immunotherapy May Need to Have Its Own Value Model

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Immunotherapy has been a game changer for the oncology field, but typical models used to assess the value of cancer treatments don’t take into account the unique characteristics of this therapy, according to experts at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC).

Medicine

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Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Macrophage, Apoptosis, Intrinsic apoptosis, Extrinsic apoptosis, PPM1A, JNK, Anisomycin

A “Release and Kill” Strategy May Aid Treatment of Tuberculosis

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In a proof-of-concept experiment, researchers were able to specifically force M. tuberculosis-infected macrophages into programmed cell death called apoptosis, thereby releasing the sheltered M. tuberculosis bacteria from the macrophage and expose them to a lethal dose of rifampicin antibiotic.

Medicine

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Anesthesiology, Opioids, Elderly, Respiratory Health, Alcohol

Mixing Opioids and Alcohol May Increase Likelihood of Dangerous Respiratory Complication, Especially in the Elderly, Study Finds

Taking one oxycodone tablet together with even a modest amount of alcohol increases the risk of a potentially life-threatening side effect known as respiratory depression, which causes breathing to become extremely shallow or stop altogether, reports a study published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology.

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Tubercolosis, 3D spheres , lung

Researchers Use Tiny 3D Spheres to Combat Tuberculosis

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Southampton have developed a new 3D system to study human infection in the laboratory.

Medicine

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e-cigarette, Lung Cancer, nicotine levels, Yale Cancer Center, Dripping

Yale Study: 1 in 4 Teen E-Cigarette Users Have Tried 'Dripping'

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Yale researchers found in a study that one in four high schoolers who use electronic cigarettes are inhaling vapors produced by dripping e-liquids directly onto heating coils, instead of inhaling from the e-cigarette mouthpiece, possibly increasing exposure to toxins and nicotine.

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UNC Researchers Find New Potential Route to Treat Asthma

Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine believe they have isolated a protein that, when missing or depleted, can cause airway constriction, production of mucus, chest tightness, and difficulty breathing for the 334 million people worldwide who suffer from asthma.

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Penn Medicine, Penn Vet, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn Researchers Identify Missing Link for Fighting Viral Pneumonia

According to the Centers for Disease Control, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes about 60,000 hospitalizations of children aged 0 to four, and nearly 200,000 hospitalizations and 14,000 deaths among adults 65 and older. However, there are virtually no vaccines or treatments for these infections. In a study published online ahead of print in PLoS Pathogens, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine found evidence that the cytokine, Interleukin 27 (IL-27), may be the key to fighting and treating these infections.

Business

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Texas, tuberculoisis, Tuberculosis, Lung Disease

Texas Biomed Names Larry Schlesinger, M.D. As President/CEO

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Texas Biomedical Research Institute announced that its Board of Trustees has named Dr. Larry Schlesinger as the Institute’s new President and CEO. Dr. Schlesinger will take the helm of Texas Biomed effective May 31, 2017.

Medicine

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Wheezing, preterm babies, asthma and children, Wheeze

Monoclonal Antibody Given to Preterm Babies May Reduce Wheeze Later

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Preterm babies given the monoclonal antibody palivizumab to prevent respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) also appear less likely to develop recurrent wheeze, at least until the age of six, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Medicine.

Medicine

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Asthma, Autism, Type 1 Diabetes, Juvenile (Type 1) Diabetes, Child Health, Rutgers, Robert Wood Johnson, New Jersey, Lupus, Juvenile Arthritis, Arthritis

Child Health Institute of New Jersey Awarded $5 Million Grant From the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

The Child Health Institute of New Jersey has been awarded a $5 million grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which will expand and enhance its core mission to improve children’s health through the scientific study of pediatric illnesses, including asthma, type 1 diabetes and autism.







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