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Multicenter Study Finds Respiratory Viruses Most Common Cause of Pneumonia in Children

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Respiratory viruses, not bacterial infections, are the most commonly detected causes of community-acquired pneumonia in children, according to new research released Feb. 26 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Investigational Drug Can Reduce Asthma Flareups

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An investigational drug appears to cut the risk of severe asthma attacks in half for patients who have difficulty controlling the disorder with standard medications, according to results from two multicenter clinical trials headed by Mario Castro, MD, an asthma specialist at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

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Hair Sample Tests Reveal Underreported Exposure to Tobacco Smoke Among Preemies with Lung Disease

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Public health experts have long known that tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) can be harmful for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a lung disease that often accompanies premature birth.

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Researchers Pin Down Genetic Pathways Linked to CF Disease Severity

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Mutation of one gene is all it takes to get cystic fibrosis, but disease severity depends on many other genes and proteins. For the first time, UNC researchers identified genetic pathways that play major roles in why one person with CF might have severe symptoms while another person might not.

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Bitter Wind Chill Poses Issues for Children and Those with Respiratory Problems

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The arctic cold snap affecting the Midwest and the Northeast this weekend should not be taken lightly, says David Holmes, MD, clinical associate professor of family medicine in the University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.

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American Thoracic Society Expert Available to Discuss COPD and Its Treatment

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Study Offers New Look at Complex Head and Neck Tumor Behavior

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Head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) ranks among the top ten most prevalent cancers in the United States. Despite its prevalence, little is known about how this cancer develops and spreads. However, in a paper published in the January 29, 2015 edition of Nature, researchers offer critical new information about head and neck cancers.

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Blood Transfusions During Heart Surgery Increase Risk of Pneumonia

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Patients who receive red blood cell transfusions during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery are at an increased risk of developing pneumonia

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Mutations Linked to Repair of Chromosome Ends May Make Emphysema More Likely in Smokers

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Mutations in a gene that helps repair damaged chromosome ends may make smokers — especially female smokers — more susceptible to emphysema, according to results of a new study led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers

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Life at Higher Elevation Linked to Lower Incidence of Lung Cancer

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Lung cancer rates in both smokers and non-smokers are lower in higher-elevation counties in the western part of the United States, suggesting that oxygen may promote the incidence of lung cancer, according to a new study co-authored by a student at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.