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A Warning System for Tsunamis

Scientists at the Australian National University have developed the Time Reverse Imaging Method to take real-time data from the ocean sensors and use that information to recreate what the tsunami looked like when it was born. Once scientists have the tsunami source pinpointed, they can use it to make better predictions about what will happen once the waves reach shore. This new method is fast enough to compete with existing algorithms but much more accurate.

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Mucus May Play Vital Role in Dolphin Echolocation

A dolphin chasing a tasty fish will produce a stream of rapid-fire echolocation clicks that help it track the speed, direction and distance to its prey. Now researchers have developed a model that could yield new insights into how the charismatic marine mammals make these clicks – and it turns out snot may play an important role. The researchers will present their model at the 171st meeting of the Acoustical Society of America.

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New Research Confirms Continued, Unabated and Large-Scale Amphibian Declines

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New U.S. Geological Survey-led research suggests that even though amphibians are severely declining worldwide, there is no smoking gun - and thus no simple solution - to halting or reversing these declines.

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Great Apes Communicate Cooperatively

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Gestural communication in bonobos and chimpanzees shows turn-taking and clearly distinguishable communication styles.

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Mercury Contamination Expert Available: Wake Forest University

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Luis Fernandez, the principle investigator of the mercury studies that spurred the Peruvian Government to action, is available for comment

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Early Armored Dino From Texas Lacked Cousin's Club-Tail Weapon, but Had a Nose for Danger

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Pawpawsaurus's hearing wasn't keen, and it lacked the infamous tail club of Ankylosaurus. But first-ever CT scans of Pawpawsaurus's skull indicate the dino's saving grace from predators may have been an acute sense of smell.

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Reconnecting Stream Habitat

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Jumping up a 2-foot waterfall is an impossible task for small fish like minnows and shiners. Such an obstacle can inhibit their ability to feed and spawn upstream. But state and federal wildlife agencies may soon be able to install fish ladders on the downside side of culverts to prevent this from happening.

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Study Documents African Monkeys Eating Bats; First to Report Implications for Animal-Human Disease Transmission

Primates and bats may interact directly, but their behavioral and predator-prey interactions are poorly documented, and detailed reports of their interactions have been rare, until now. The first study to document monkeys consuming bats with photos and video suggests an alternative pathway for bat-to-monkey disease transmission that has implications for zoonotic disease transmission to humans.

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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-May-2016 2:00 PM EDT

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A Rallying Call for Microbiome Science National Data Management

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Massive amounts of data require infrastructure to manage and store the information in a manner than can be easily accessed for use. In a paper published May 16, 2016 in Trends in Microbiology, DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers call for the formation of a National Microbiome Data Center to efficiently manage the datasets accumulated globally.

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Strange Sea-Dwelling Reptile Fossil Hints at Rapid Evolution After Mass Extinction

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Two hundred and fifty million years ago, life on earth was in a tail-spin--climate change, volcanic eruptions, and rising sea levels contributed to a mass extinction that makes the death of the dinosaurs look like child's play. Marine life got hit hardest--96% of all marine species went extinct. For a long time, scientists believed that the early marine reptiles that came about after the mass extinction evolved slowly, but the recent discovery of a strange new fossil brings that view into question.

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Call to Minimise Drone Impact on Wildlife

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University of Adelaide environmental researchers have called for a ‘code of best practice’ in using unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) for wildlife monitoring and protection, and other biological field research.

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Squids on the Rise as Oceans Change

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Unlike the declining populations of many fish species, the number of cephalopods (octopus, cuttlefish and squid) has increased in the world’s oceans over the past 60 years, a University of Adelaide study has found.

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ESF Lists Top 10 New Species for 2016

A hominin in the same genus as humans and an ape nicknamed “Laia” are among the discoveries identified by the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry as the Top 10 New Species for 2016. Also on the list are a giant Galapagos tortoise, a seadragon, an anglerfish, three invertebrates, a carnivorous sundew and a small tree.

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Bacteria in Branches Naturally Fertilize Trees

A University of Washington team has demonstrated that poplar trees growing in rocky, inhospitable terrain harbor bacteria within them that could provide valuable nutrients to help the plant grow.

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Lingcod Meet Rockfish: Catching One Improves Chances for the Other

In a new study, University of Washington researchers found that selectively fishing for lingcod in protected areas actually avoided hampering the recovery of other fish, including rockfish species listed as overfished.

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'Canaries' of the Ocean Highlight Threat to World's Ecosystems

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Fifty-nine finfish species have ‘disappeared’ from fishermen’s catches in the world’s most species rich and vulnerable marine region, new research has shown.

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Too Much Sex Causes Genitals to Change Shape, Beetle Study Shows

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Sexual conflict between males and females can lead to changes in the shape of their genitals, according to research on burying beetles by scientists at the University of Exeter.

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Online Press Conference Tuesday: Presidential Pitch Posturing, a Tsunami Warning System, and the Role of Snot in Dolphin Echolocation

Researchers investigating the commonalities in pitch delivery by presidential candidates, the biological basis for dolphin echolocation, and an early warning system to detect tsunamis will describe their latest findings during a webcast press event on Tuesday, May 24, 2016. The event will be streamed live at 1:00 p.m., EDT, from the 171st meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA), which takes place May 23-27 in Salt Lake City. Additionally, the webcast will be available for download 24 hours afterwards.

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Man-Eating Monster Crocodile May Be Florida’s Newest Invasive Species

Spotting native alligators and crocodiles in Florida is common, but anyone who sees a large reptile may want to take a second look -- man-eaters that can grow to 18 feet long and weigh as much as a small car have been found in the Sunshine State.