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EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 14-Dec-2016 2:00 PM EST

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Monkey, University of Vienna, Tecumseh Fitch, Department of Cognitive Biology, vocal anatomy, Vocalizations, Asif Ghazanfar, Princeton University, vocal tract, speechready

Why Can't Monkeys Speak? Vocal Anatomy Is Not the Problem

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Monkeys and apes are unable to learn new vocalizations, and for decades it has been widely believed that this inability results from limitations of their vocal anatomy: larynx, tongue and lips. But an international team of scientists, led by Tecumseh Fitch at the University of Vienna and Asif Ghazanfar at Princeton University, has now looked inside monkeys' vocal tracts with x-rays, and found them to be much more flexible than thought before. The study indicates that the limitations that keep nonhuman primates from speaking are in their brains, rather than their vocal anatomy.

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Climate Change Is Already Causing Widespread Local Extinction in Plant and Animal Species

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Extinctions related to climate change have already happened in hundreds of plant and animal species around the world. New research, publishing on December 8th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, shows that local extinctions have already occurred in 47% of the 976 plant and animal species studied.

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Scientists Improve Predictions of How Temperature Affects the Survival of Fish Embryos

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Scientists closely tracking the survival of endangered Sacramento River salmon faced a puzzle: the same high temperatures that salmon eggs survived in the laboratory appeared to kill many of the eggs in the river

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Put People at the Center of Conservation, New Study Advises

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People must be part of the equation in conservation projects to increase local support and effectiveness, according to a new study by the University of Washington and other institutions.

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Global Habitat Loss Still Rampant Across Much of the Earth

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As 196 signatory nations of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) meet this week in Cancun, Mexico, to discuss their progress towards averting the current biodiversity crisis, researchers from a range of universities and NGOs report in the international journal Conservation Letters that habitat destruction still far outstrips habitat protected across many parts of the planet.

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Kansas State University, K-State, KSU, Sandercock, Arctic, Shorebird, nes, bird, biological rhythms, Wildlife

Feathered Fathers and Mothers Have Diverse Parenting Arrangements, According to Research in Nature

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Birds of a feather flock together but they schedule parenting duties differently. Kansas State University researchers are part of an international team of ornithologists who have published a study in Nature about how mated pairs of wild shorebirds have established diverse schedules for parental care of the nest.

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animal tracking, acoustic beamforming, Conservation, Observation, Mojave Ground Squirrels, Dean L. Hawthorne, William Horn, Cornell University, Coherent Technical Services, Inc., Edwards Air Force Base, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA, Acoustics

Tracking Terrestrial Animals

What does the detection of enemy planes during WWI have to do with locating endangered Mojave Ground Squirrels? They both benefit from a technique called acoustic beamforming which uses multiple devices to find the point of intersection and pinpoint location. A team of researchers is developing a system using this WWI-era technology to detect and locate endangered Mojave Ground Squirrels on Edwards Air Force Base. They aim to assess populations and any impact the base's activities may be having on the population.

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Zahavi’s handicap principle, Natural Selection, Sexual Selection, Evolution, Biology, ornamentation

Study Explains Evolution Phenomenon That Puzzled Darwin

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Why do some animals have extravagant, showy ornaments -- think deer antlers, peacock feathers and horns on beetles -- that can be a liability to survival? Northwestern University researchers have a possible explanation for this puzzling phenomenon of evolution.

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Templeton, Parus Major, Pacific University, Pacific University (Ore.), Songbird, Great Tits, Traffic, Noise Pollution, Vehicle

Songbirds Sound the Alarm About Traffic Noise

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A new study led by Pacific University biologist Chris Templeton demonstrates that the alarm calls of songbirds are dramatically impaired by road traffic noise. Research by Templeton and colleagues has shown that signals critical for the survival of animals are compromised when birds live near even moderately busy roads.

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Wildlife Research, Bird Research, Mercury, Wind Energy, Ecology, Environmental Awareness, Environmental Research

Wildlife Researchers Study Impact of Wind Energy, Mercury, Oil Spills and Other Human Cultural Developments on Wildlife

BRI's mission is to conduct scientific investigations into human impacts on the environment to better understand ecological health through the lens of animals.

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Environment, fire and rescue, forest and wildlife ecology, Smoky Mountains

University of Tennessee Experts Can Talk About Gatlinburg Fire

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bats, Echolocation, mouth shape, facial muscles, Neuromuscular, sonar beam forming, Michael Smotherman, Texas A&M, 172nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, ASA

What Role Does Mouth Shape Play for Echolocating Bats?

While studying bats, researchers noticed a large group of muscles running straight down the middle of the top of the bat’s skull. A set of muscles like this is quite unusual in size and location for a small mammal, so they questioned their purpose. During the 172nd ASA meeting, the researchers will present their work exploring the muscle's complex activity patterns during sonar performance.

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Microbes, Microbiome, Evolution, Nasonia wasp, deer mice, Mosquito, Drosophila, Great Ape, Phylosymbiosis, Microbiota

Each Animal Species Hosts a Unique Microbial Community and Benefits From It

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A laboratory study of four animal species and their microbiota finds that each species hosts a unique community of microbes that can significantly improve its health and fitness.

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Will the Jaguar Survive? Conservation Groups Have a Plan

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The (WCS) Wildlife Conservation Society reports the publication of a plan to help guide multi-institutional efforts in conserving the jaguar (Panthera onca) in the Amazon basin.

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Hacking for Wildlife: Tech Experts to Hold Hackathon to Fight Wildlife Trafficking

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The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and SMART Partnership announced that it will hold a hackathon challenge to improve SMART (Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool) – the world’s leading tool for protected area management. The challenge will be held at Amazon.com’s AWS ReInvent Conference in Las Vegas on Monday, November 28th.

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Research Shows Preference for Non-Lethal Protection of Species

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Americans believe endangered species are best protected when their habitats are protected and not when animal predators are killed, according to new Indiana University research.

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Ocean Acidification Study Offers Warnings for Marine Life, Habitats

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Acidification of the world’s oceans could drive a cascading loss of biodiversity in some marine habitats, according to research published today in Nature Climate Change.

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Hunting, Deer hunting, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Jeffrey Michel

What Is Buck Fever?

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Hundreds of dollars spent on gear. Endless hours devoted to prepping stands. It’s what you’ve been waiting for all year long—deer season—and hunters across the country are flocking to the woods. Unfortunately for some, the thrill of the hunt can become all too real.

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therapeutics for companion animals

The Wistar Institute and Man’s Best Friend Therapeutics Announce Partnership to Advance Canine Melanoma Cancer Vaccine

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The Wistar Institute and Man’s Best Friend Therapeutics are pleased to announce a new collaboration that leverages Wistar’s groundbreaking vaccine research and development with MBFT’s expertise in developing animal health products.







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