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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 30-Jun-2016 12:00 AM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 27-Jun-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 28-Jun-2016 11:00 AM EDT

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Australia 20 Years After Gun Reform -- No Mass Shootings, Declining Firearm Deaths

Since gun law reform and the Firearms Buyback program 20 years ago, Australia has seen an accelerating decline in intentional firearm deaths and an absence of fatal mass shootings, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports today in a landmark study.

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Memory Loss Caused by West Nile Virus Explained

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Many West Nile encephalitis survivors suffer long-term neurological problems such as memory loss. New research from Washington University School of Medicine shows that the patients’ own immune systems may have destroyed parts of their neurons, and that intervening in the immune response may help.

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Microbiota Affect the Rate of Transplant Acceptance and Rejection

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Researchers from the University of Chicago have shown that microbiota—the bacteria, viruses and other microbes living on the skin and in the digestive system—play an important role in the body’s ability to accept transplanted skin and other organs.

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Amid Terrorism Fears, Promising Leads in Hunt for Radiation Antidote

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Researchers have identified promising drugs that could lead to the first antidote for radiation exposure that might result from a dirty bomb terror attack or a nuclear accident such as Chernobyl.

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High Blood Sugar Could Mean Lower Risk of One Type of Brain Tumor

In a surprising twist, benign brain tumors that have previously been tied to obesity and diabetes are less likely to emerge in those with high blood sugar, new research has found.

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Rapid Medicaid Expansion in Michigan Didn’t Reduce Access to Primary Care

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Despite predictions that expanding Medicaid would crowd doctor’s offices with new patients, and crowd out patients with other kinds of insurance, a new University of Michigan study finds no evidence of that effect.

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Piping Hot Drinks May Lead to Cancer of the Esophagus

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Drinking piping hot coffee, tea and the caffeine-infused beverage yerba mate probably causes cancer, the World Health Organization announced Wednesday.

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Antidepressive Treatment During Pregnancy Can Affect Newborn Brain Activity

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According a new study, fetal exposure to commonly used SRI drugs may affect brain activity in newborns. The researchers suggest that the effects of drugs on fetal brain function should be assessed more carefully, Indications for preventive medication should be critically evaluated, and non-pharmacological interventions should be the first-line treatment for depression and anxiety during pregnancy.

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Diabetes Drug Lowers Risk of Cardiovascular Complications, Kidney Disease

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According to data from the large, multinational LEADER clinical trial, the glucose-lowering drug liraglutide safely and effectively decreases the overall risk of heart attack, stroke, or cardiovascular death, kidney disease, and death from all causes for people with type 2 diabetes.

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Botox’s Sweet Tooth Underlies Its Key Neuron-Targeting Mechanism

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The Botox toxin has a sweet tooth, and it’s this craving for sugars – glycans, to be exact – that underlies its extreme ability target neuron cells in the body … while giving researchers an approach to neutralize it.

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From Nanotechnology, A Better Prognostic Tool For Brain Cancer

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A new nano-fabricated platform for observing brain cancer cells provides a much more detailed look at how the cells migrate and a more accurate post-surgery prognosis for brain cancer (glioblastoma) patients.

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Study Sets Standards for Evaluating Pluripotent Stem Cell Quality

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As the promise of using regenerative stem cell therapies draws closer, a consortium of biomedical scientists reports about 30 percent of induced pluripotent stem cells they analyzed from 10 research institutions were genetically unstable and not safe for clinical use. In a study published June 9 by the journal Stem Cell Reports, the multi-institutional research team reports on the comprehensive characterization of a large set of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs).

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A New Way for Prevention of Pathogenic Protein Misfolding

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Incorrectly folded proteins can cause a variety of diseases. Danish researchers have found a solution for preventing this misfolding.

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Concussion Outcome Predicted Using Advanced Imaging

Researchers, led by Michael Lipton, M.D., Ph.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System, using an advanced imaging technique, have been able to predict which patients who’d recently suffered concussions were likely to fully recover.

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Yuck Factor May Boost Hand Hygiene Compliance

The yuck factor may be an effective tool for boosting hand hygiene compliance among health care workers, according to a study at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. Infection Prevention and Control specialists observed that showing magnified images of bacteria found on things common in the health care environment like a mouse pad or work station, even a person’s hand, swayed workers in four patient care units to do a better job of cleaning their hands. Compliance rates improved on average by nearly 24 percent.

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A Disturbing Number of Teens Show Evidence of Early Hearing Damage, Prompting a Warning From Tinnitus Researchers

New research into the ringing-ear condition known as tinnitus indicates an alarming level of early, permanent hearing damage in young people who are exposed to loud music, prompting a warning from a leading Canadian researcher in the field.

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Almost All Food and Beverage Products Marketed by Music Stars Are Unhealthy, According to New Study

NYU Langone researchers publish first study to quantify nutritional quality of food and drinks endorsed by music celebrities popular among teens.