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Infectious Diseases, zika virus, Pregnancy, Obstetrics, Autism, Neurology, Virology

How Prenatal Maternal Infections May Affect Genetic Factors in Autism Spectrum Disorder

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In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, University of Cyprus and Stanford University map the complex biological cascade caused by MIA: the expression of multiple genes involved in autism are turned up or down by MIA, affecting key aspects of prenatal brain development that may increase risk for atypical development later in life.

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Genetics, Psychiatry, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology, Depression, Mental Health, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Neuroscience

Mouse Study Identifies New Method for Treating Depression

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Standard antidepressant medications don’t work for everyone, and even when they do they are slow to kick in. In an effort to find better depression treatments, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine discovered that inhibiting an enzyme called Glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) relieves signs of depression in mice. Moreover, inhibiting GLO1 worked much faster than the conventional antidepressant Prozac.

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Lauren Osborne, Postpartum, Depression, Allopregnanolone, Pregnancy, Mood Disorder, Johns Hopkins

Low Levels of ‘Anti-Anxiety’ Hormone Linked to Postpartum Depression

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In a small-scale study of women with previously diagnosed mood disorders, Johns Hopkins researchers report that lower levels of the hormone allopregnanolone in the second trimester of pregnancy were associated with an increased chance of developing postpartum depression in women already known to be at risk for the disorder.

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Erectile Dsyfunction, Hair Loss, Northwestern Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Dr. Steven Belknap, Finasteride, dutasteride

Hair Loss and Prostate Drugs Linked to Persistent Erectile Dysfunction in Men

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Men with longer exposure to the drugs finasteride and dutasteride had a higher risk of getting persistent erectile dysfunction than men with less exposure, reports a new study. The persistent erectile dysfunction continued despite stopping these drugs, in some cases for months or years. Prior to the study, there was no strong evidence the drugs cause sexual problems that continue after men stop taking them or that taking these drugs for a longer time increases the chance of experiencing sexual problems.

Medicine

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Cornea, eye, Blindness, Vision Loss, Stem Cell

Stem Cell Treatment May Restore Vision to Patients with Damaged Corneas

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Researchers have developed a new way to identify and sort stem cells that may one day allow clinicians to restore vision to people with damaged corneas using the patient’s own eye tissue.

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A Probiotic Combination Might Curb Allergy Symptoms

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As we head into allergy season, you may feel less likely to grab a hanky and sneeze. UF/IFAS research shows a probiotic combination might help reduce hay fever symptoms.

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Study: Wireless Stimulation May Ease Migraine Pain as Well as Drugs

A preliminary study suggests that a new, wireless patch that you wear on your arm may help reduce migraine pain as well as drugs. The study is published in the March 1, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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Autism, Emergency Medicine, Adolescent Health, ASD, Autism Spectrum Disorder

Adolescents with Autism Four Times More Likely to Visit Emergency Department

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Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use emergency department services four times as often as their peers without autism, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

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Life

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Mindfulness, Meditation, yoga, Aging, Psychology

Mindfulness Shows Promise as We Age, but Study Results Are Mixed

As mindfulness practices rise in popularity and evidence of their worth continues to accumulate, those who work with aging populations are looking to use the techniques to boost cognitive, emotional and physiological health. But studies so far have shown mixed results in the elderly.

Medicine

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Intestinal Microbes, Immune System, gut microbes, Microbes and Immune System, Microbial, Microbial influence, Gut Bacteria, Gut Bacteria and Health, Gut Interactions, Bacteria, Intestines, GUT, Immune Cells

Scientists Monitor Crosstalk Between Intestinal Microbes and Immune System

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Harvard Medical School researchers have successfully “listened in” on the crosstalk between gut microbes and the immune system.







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