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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 17-Feb-2016 12:05 AM EST

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A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 17-Feb-2016 4:00 PM EST

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Origins Of "Rage" Identified in Brain in Male Animal Model

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Violent, unprovoked outbursts in male mice have been linked to changes in a brain structure tied to the control of anxiety and fear, according to a report by researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center to be published in the journal Current Biology online Feb. 11.

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Yale Researchers Discover Underlying Cause of Myeloma

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Yale Cancer Center researchers have identified what causes a third of all myelomas, a type of cancer affecting plasma cells. The findings, published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, could fundamentally change the way this cancer and others are treated.

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Couch Potatoes May Have Smaller Brains Later in Life

Poor physical fitness in middle age may be linked to a smaller brain size 20 years later, according to a study published in the February 10, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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Expanding Use of Vaccines Could Save Up to $44 for Every Dollar Spent, Study Suggests

Vaccinations, long recognized as an excellent investment that saves lives and prevents illness, could have significant economic value that far exceeds their original cost, a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has found.

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Physics: It's What's Happening Inside Your Body Right Now

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Using a model blood vessel system built on a polymer microchip, researchers have shown that the relative softness of white blood cells determines whether they remain in a dormant state along vessel walls or enter blood circulation to fight infection.

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Meditation Eases Pain, Anxiety and Fatigue During Breast Cancer Biopsy

Meditation eases anxiety, fatigue and pain for women undergoing breast cancer biopsies, according to researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute. They also found that music is effective, but to a lesser extent.

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Real Time Outbreak Surveillance Using Genomics Now Possible in Resource-Limited Conditions

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New research published in Nature has shown how genome sequencing can be rapidly established to monitor outbreaks.

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What's the Impact of New Marijuana Laws? The Data So Far…

How has new legislation affected marijuana use in the United States? The best available data suggest that marijuana use is increasing in adults but not teens, with a decrease in marijuana-related arrests but an increase in treatment admissions, according to an update in the January/February Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.

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The Future of Medicine Could Be Found in This Tiny Crystal Ball

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A Drexel University materials scientist has discovered a way to grow a crystal ball in a lab. Not the kind that soothsayers use to predict the future, but a microscopic version that could be used to encapsulate medication in a way that would allow it to deliver its curative payload more effectively inside the body.

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Which Comes First: Self-Reported Penicillin Allergy or Chronic Hives?

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People who have self-reported penicillin allergy may have a three times greater chance of suffering from chronic hives. And people who have chronic hives tend to self-report penicillin allergy at a three times greater rate than the general population. Authors of a new study think it's not coincidence.

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Newly Identified Pathway Links Fetal Brain Development to Adult Social Behavior

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Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, UCSF School of Medicine and other institutions have recently uncovered abnormalities in embryonic brain development in mice, including transient embryonic brain enlargement during neuron formation, that are responsible for abnormal adult brain structures and behavioral abnormalities.

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Blood Pressure Medicine May Improve Conversational Skills of Individuals with Autism

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An estimated 1 in 68 children in the United States has autism. The neurodevelopmental disorder, which impairs communication and social interaction skills, can be treated with medications and behavioral therapies, though there is no cure. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that a medication commonly used to treat high blood pressure and irregular heartbeats may have the potential to improve some social functions of individuals with autism.

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Chemical in “BPA-Free” Plastic Accelerates Embryonic Development, Disrupts Reproductive System in Animals

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A new UCLA study demonstrates that BPS, a common replacement for BPA, speeds up embryonic development and disrupts the reproductive system. The research is the first to examine the effects of BPA and BPS on key brain cells and genes that control organs involved in reproduction.

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Vaginal Microbes Can Be Partially Restored to C-Section Babies

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In a small pilot study, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai determined that a simple swab to transfer vaginal microbes from a mother to her C-section-delivered newborn can alter the baby's microbial makeup (microbiome) in a way that more closely resembles the microbiome of a vaginally delivered baby.

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Bedbugs Have Built Resistance to Widely Used Chemical Treatments, Study Finds

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Some of the most widely used commercial chemicals to kill bedbugs are not effective because the pesky insects have built up a tolerance to them, according to a team of researchers from Virginia Tech and New Mexico State University.

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Obesity, Diabetes in Mom Increases Risk of Autism in Child

Children born to obese women with diabetes are more than four times as likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than children of healthy weight mothers without diabetes, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

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New Study Indicates Why Children Are Likelier to Develop Food Allergies

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An estimated 15 million Americans suffer from food allergies, many of them children. These are non-trivial concerns, as food allergy or intolerance can cause symptoms ranging from a harmless skin rash to a potentially lethal anaphylactic shock. The good news is that many affected children outgrow their allergy, presumably as the immune system learns to tolerate food initially mistaken as “foreign”.

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Maya Healers’ Conception of Cancer May Help Bridge Gap in Multicultural Settings Care

Understanding and integrating patients’ cultural beliefs into cancer treatment plans may help improve their acceptance of and adherence to treatment in multicultural settings. Researchers examined traditional Maya healers’ understanding of cancer and published their findings online today in the Journal of Global Oncology.