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Novel Eye-Tracking Technology Detects Concussions and Head Injury Severity

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Research Led by NYU Langone Medical Center Conducted on Patients With Head Trauma Who Visited the Emergency Department

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New Hypertension Guidelines Could Save Lives and Money

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Full implementation of new hypertension guidelines could prevent 56,000 cardiovascular disease events (mostly heart attacks and strokes) and 13,000 deaths each year, without increasing overall health care costs, an analysis conducted by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found. The paper was published today in the online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Earlier Menopause Linked to Everyday Chemical Exposures

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Women whose bodies have high levels of chemicals found in plastics, personal-care products, common household items and the environment experience menopause two to four years earlier than women with lower levels of these chemicals, according to a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings are reported online Jan. 28 in the journal PLOS ONE.

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Penn Medicine Study Shows Menopause Does Not Increase or Create Difficulty Sleeping

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According to a new study by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, only 25 percent of women who had reported no earlier sleep problems developed moderate or severe insomnia or other sleep disturbances during a 16-year period around menopause. What’s more, the researchers say that these sleep woes did not appear to be caused by menopause itself, which may quell common fears about symptoms associated with this phase of life.

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Psychopathic Violent Offenders’ Brains Can’t Understand Punishment

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Psychopathic violent offenders have abnormalities in the parts of the brain related to learning from punishment, according to an MRI study led by Sheilagh Hodgins and Nigel Blackwood.

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Brain Region Vulnerable to Aging is Larger in Those with Longevity Gene Variant

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People who carry a variant of a gene that is associated with longevity also have larger volumes in a front part of the brain involved in planning and decision-making, according to researchers at UC San Francisco.

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MRIs Link Impaired Brain Activity to Inability to Regulate Emotions in Autism

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Researchers found that – when it comes to the ability to regulate emotions – brain activity in autistic people is significantly different than brain activity in people without autism. Researchers showed that symptoms including tantrums, irritability, and anxiety have a biological, mechanistic basis.

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Got Bees? Got Vitamin A? Got Malaria?

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A new study shows that more than half the people in some developing countries could become newly at risk for malnutrition if crop-pollinating animals — like bees — continue to decline.

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Study Finds Lead Negatively Impacts Cognitive Functions of Boys More than Girls

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The female hormones estrogen and estradiol may help ward off the effects of lead exposure for young girls, explaining why boys, are shown to suffer more often from the cognitive disabilities linked to lead.

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Rare Neurological Disease Shines Light on Health of Essential Nerve Cells

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Pelizaeus Merzbacher disease, or PMD, is a devastating neurological condition that, in its most severe form, kills infants weeks after birth. Thirty years ago, UW-Madison neuroscientist Ian Duncan noticed a genetic mutation in dogs that was practically identical to the disease in humans. Now, in the online edition of the journal Neurobiology of Disease, Duncan has laid out the results of his marathon pursuit of PMD.