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University of Utah Wins $25 Million NIH Grant to Find Ways to Improve Clinical Trials

The University of Utah joins Vanderbilt, Duke universities in effort to make clnical trials more efficient and get translational research into clinical use faster.

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Use of Internet in Medical Research May Hinder Recruitment of Minorities, Poor

A study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis concludes that as researchers turn to the internet to find study participants, current health-care disparities may persist. They found that getting individuals to go online was difficult, particularly if subjects didn't have high school educations, had incomes below the poverty line or were African-American.

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Resveratrol Appears to Restore Blood-Brain Barrier Integrity in Alzheimer’s Disease

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Resveratrol, given to Alzheimer’s patients, appears to restore the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, reducing the ability of harmful immune molecules secreted by immune cells to infiltrate from the body into brain tissues, say researchers. The reduction in neuronal inflammation slowed the cognitive decline of patients, compared to a matching group of placebo-treated patients with the disorder.

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Antibodies Identified That Thwart Zika Virus Infection

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Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified antibodies capable of protecting against Zika virus infection, a significant step toward developing a vaccine, better diagnostic tests and possibly new antibody-based therapies.

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What's Going on When Babies Twitch in Their Sleep?

University of Iowa researchers suspect that sleep twitches in human infants are linked to sensorimotor development. Read on to learn how new parents can contribute to their study.

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Hot News Flash! Menopause, Sleepless Nights Make Women’s Bodies Age Faster

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Two UCLA studies reveal that menopause--and the insomnia that often accompanies it --make women age faster.

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Map Provides Detailed Picture of How the Brain Is Organized

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A detailed new map by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis lays out the landscape of the human cerebral cortex. The map will accelerate progress in the study of brain diseases, as well as help to elucidate what makes us unique as a species.

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FDA Approves Scalpel-Free Brain Surgery for Tremor Pioneered at UVA

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first focused ultrasound device to treat essential tremor, the most common movement disorder, in patients who do not respond to medication. The scalpel-free approach has been pioneered by Jeff Elias, MD, at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, who led an international clinical trial that demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of the device.

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Abnormalities Found in ‘Insight’ Areas of the Brain in Anorexia

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Abnormalities in brain regions involved in forming insight may help explain why some people with anorexia nervosa have trouble recognizing their dangerous, dysfunctional eating habits.

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Medication Costs Likely to Jump This Year

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Prescription medication costs are expected to rise at least 11 percent, and possibly up to 13 percent, in 2016, according to a new report on national trends and projections in prescription drug expenditures.

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Stem Cells Engineered to Grow Cartilage, Fight Inflammation

With a goal of treating worn, arthritic hips without extensive surgery to replace them, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have programmed stem cells to grow new cartilage on a 3-D template shaped like the ball of a hip joint. What’s more, using gene therapy, they have activated the new cartilage to release anti-inflammatory molecules to fend off a return of arthritis.

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Study: Fracking Industry Wells Associated with Increased Risk of Asthma Attacks

People with asthma who live near bigger or larger numbers of active unconventional natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are 1.5 to four times likelier to have asthma attacks than those who live farther away, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

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Freaky New Role Found for the Immune System: Controlling Social Interaction

Could immune system problems contribute to an inability to have normal social interactions? The answer appears to be yes, and that finding could have great implications for neurological conditions such as autism-spectrum disorders and schizophrenia.

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UW, Purdue Scientists Solve Structure of Cold Virus Linked to Childhood Asthma

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The atomic structure of an elusive cold virus linked to severe asthma and respiratory infections in children has been solved by a team of researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Purdue University. The findings provide the foundation for future antiviral drug and vaccine development against the virus, rhinovirus C.

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New Control Strategies Needed for Zika and Other Unexpected Mosquito-Borne Outbreaks

A recent spate of unexpected mosquito-borne disease outbreaks – most recently the Zika virus, which has swept through parts of the Americas – have highlighted the need to better understand the development and spread of little-known diseases and for new strategies to control them, a new review by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers suggests.

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Ecologists Identify Potential New Sources of Ebola and Other Filoviruses

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Researchers identify bat species most likely to carry filoviruses and map hotspots for disease surveillance and virus discovery efforts.

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Early Preschool Bedtimes Cut Risk of Obesity Later On

Preschoolers who are regularly tucked into bed by 8 p.m. are far less likely to become obese teenagers than young children who go to sleep later in the evening, new research has found. Bedtimes after 9 p.m. appeared to double the likelihood of obesity later in life.

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More Proof That Male and Female Brains Are Wired Differently

While measuring brain activity with magnetic resonance imaging during blood pressure trials, UCLA researchers found that men and women had opposite responses in the right front of the insular cortex, a part of the brain integral to the experience of emotions, blood pressure control, and self-awareness.

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New Study Shows Differences in Blood Pressure Variation Across Ethnicity

Differences in circadian blood pressure variation due to a combination of genetic and cultural factors may contribute to ethnic differences in cardiovascular morbidity, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

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Stand-Up Comics More Likely to Die Prematurely Than Film Comedians and Dramatic Actors

The world's best stand-up comedians - household names including Kevin Hart, Amy Schumer, Jimmy Fallon, Chris Rock, Jerry Seinfield, Ricky Gervais and Eddie Murphy - are more likely to die than comedic and dramatic screen and stage actors, according to a landmark study published in the International Journal of Cardiology